Roles and Responsibilities of an IAS Officer

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Roles and Responsibilities of an IAS Officer

An officer of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is one of the most coveted positions offered by the Government of India. You need to clear the civil services exam conducted by the UPSC.

The elected bodies of the government take executive decisions that are then implemented by the Indian Administrative Services and its allies. The government provides the officers with a lot of discretionary powers and privileges to execute their wide range of responsibilities handled by them.

What are the duties of an IAS officer?

The IAS officer has to perform several duties or tasks based on their department. Most of the work calls for an administrative charge of an area, policy formulation, and implementation, heading PSUs, etc. They could be assigned to go abroad on missions or to a department of the Central government. They are also deputed to head private organizations for a short tenure.

Some of the assignments given to them based on their functional roles are:

  1. Central Secretariat
  2. Field
  3. State Secretariat/Public Sector Undertakings

Responsibilities of an IAS Officer

An IAS officer is responsible for the law and order, revenue, and general administration of the area that they are assigned to. The functions and responsibilities of the officer keeping on changing during their career. Some of the general functions of the IAS officer are:

  • Collection of revenue
  • Function as courts in matters of the revenue
  • Maintain law and order
  • Function as Executive Magistrate
  • Supervision of the implementation of State and Central Government policies
  • Supervision of public funds expenditure as per norms of financial propriety
  • Travel to places where policies are implemented
  • Framing and implementation of policies in sync with ministers of various ministries to handle daily affairs of the government.
  • They are also appointed in autonomous organizations, PSUs, UN organizations, international organizations like World Bank, Asian Development Banks, subordinate organizations, etc.
  • They also serve as personal secretaries to Ministers of the central government

IAS Designations During Field Posting

  • Chairman Board of Revenue
  • Member Board of Revenue
  • Divisional Commissioner
  • District Collector/District Magistrate/Deputy Commissioner
  • SDO/SDM/Joint Collector/ Chief Development Officer

IAS Designations During Central or State Government Posting

  • Deputy Secretary/Under Secretary for the Government of India
  • Director in Government of India
  • Joint Secretary in Government of India/ Secretary in State Government.
  • Additional Secretary to Government of India / Principal Secretary in State Government.
  • Secretary to Government of India/ Chief Secretary.
  • Cabinet Secretary

Laws Related to the powers of an IAS Officer

  • Code of Criminal Procedure (1973): Sections 107,108,109,110,133,144 and 176 are the powers for maintaining law and order given to Magistrates
  • The powers of a collector regarding revenue is defined in the Tenancy Laws
  • National Disaster Management Act gives powers of Chief Secretaries and Magistrates during disaster relief operations.
  • Arms Act, Drug Licenses Act, Essential Commodities Act, etc. gives IAS officers’ power to enforce regulations in different situations.

The above-mentioned are the main laws of an IAS officer, but there are around three hundred laws that they can use when required.