PHILOSOPHY

Paper - I

  • History and Problems of Philosophy:
    • Plato and Aristotle: Ideas; Substance; Form and Matter; Causation; Actuality and Potentiality.
    • Rationalism (Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz): Cartesian Method and Certain Knowledge; Substance; God; Mind-Body Dualism; Determinism and Freedom.
    • Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley, Hume): Theory of Knowledge; Substance and Qualities; Self and God; Scepticism.
    • Kant: Possibility of Synthetic a priori Judgments; Space and Time; Categories; Ideas of Reason; Antinomies; Critique of Proofs for the Existence of God
    • Hegel: Dialectical Method; Absolute Idealism
    • Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein: Defence of Commonsense; Refutation of Idealism; Logical Atomism; Logical Constructions; Incomplete Symbols; Picture Theory of Meaning; Saying and Showing.
    • Logical Positivism: Verification Theory of Meaning; Rejection of Metaphysics; Linguistic Theory of Necessary Propositions.
    • Later Wittgenstein: Meaning and Use; Language- games; Critique of Private Language.
    • Phenomenology (Husserl): Method; Theory of Essences; Avoidance of Psychologism.
    • Existentialism (Kierkegaard, Sartre, Heidegger): Existence and Essence; Choice, Responsibility and Authentic Existence; Being-in-the –world and Temporality.
    • Quine and Strawson: Critique of Empiricism; Theory of Basic Particulars and Persons.
    • Carvaka : Theory of Knowledge; Rejection of Transcendent Entities.
    • Jainism: Theory of Reality; Saptabhaòginaya; Bondage and Liberation.
    • Schools of Buddhism: Pratîtyasamutpada; Ksanikavada, Nairatmyavada
    • Nyaya- Vaiúesika: Theory of Categories; Theory of Appearance; Theory of Pramana; Self, Liberation; God; Proofs for the Existence of God; Theory of Causation; Atomistic Theory of Creation.
    • Samkhya: Prakrti; Purusa; Causation; Liberation
    • Yoga: Citta; Cittavrtti; Klesas; Samadhi; Kaivalya.
    • Mimamsa: Theory of Knowledge
    • Schools of Vedanta: Brahman; Îúvara; Atman; Jiva; Jagat; Maya; Avidya; Adhyasa; Moksa; Aprthaksiddhi; Pancavidhabheda
    • Aurobindo: Evolution, Involution; Integral Yoga.

Paper - II

  • Socio-Political Philosophy:
    • Social and Political Ideals: Equality, Justice, Liberty.
    • Sovereignty: Austin, Bodin, Laski, Kautilya.
    • Individual and State: Rights; Duties and Accountability
    • Forms of Government: Monarchy; Theocracy and Democracy.
    • Political Ideologies: Anarchism; Marxism and Socialism
    • Humanism; Secularism; Multiculturalism.
    • Crime and Punishment: Corruption, Mass Violence, Genocide, Capital Punishment.
    • Development and Social Progress.
    • Gender Discrimination: Female Foeticide, Land and Property Rights; Empowernment.
    • Caste Discrimination: Gandhi and Ambedkar
  • Philosophy of Religion:
    • Notions of God: Attributes; Relation to Man and the World. (Indian and Western).
    • Proofs for the Existence of God and their Critique (Indian and Western).
    • Problem of Evil.
    • Soul: Immortality; Rebirth and Liberation.
    • Reason, Revelation and Faith.
    • Religious Experience: Nature and Object (Indian and Western).
    • Religion without God.
    • Religion and Morality.
    • Religious Pluralism and the Problem of Absolute Truth.
    • Nature of Religious Language: Analogical and Symbolic; Cognitivist and Noncognitive.
Responsive ThemeForest Wordpress Theme Avada bigtheme.net/wordpress/themeforest/323-avada BIGtheme.net