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5th December Current Affairs

Dr RAJENDRA PRASAD

In News:

President of India Pays Homage to Dr Rajendra Prasad on his Birth Anniversary

About Dr Rajendra Prasad Ji:

  • Dr Rajendra Prasad Ji was an Indian independence activist, lawyer, scholar and subsequently, the first President of India, in office from 1950 to 1962.
  • He was an Indian political leader and lawyer by training.
  • He was the first President of India and served in office from 1952 to 1962.
  • He was not only a great political leader but his contribution towards Indian Freedom is also noteworthy.

1st President of India December 1884, Ziradei 14 May 1962 Awarded the Bharat Ratna, the nation’s highest civilian award.

IMPORTANT FACTS:

  • Imprisoned twice during the freedom struggle, in 1932 and 1942
  • Professor of economics & english before completing his doctorate in law in 1937
  • Well versed in Sanskrit, Urdu, Persian, Hindi & English, he authored several books
  • Relinquished the office of President in 1962, after serving for 12 years the only President to have served 2 terms.

He was highly influenced by the beliefs of Mahatma Gandhi and became supporter of Mahatma Gandhi’s beliefs and thinking.

Dr Rajendra Prasad Ji played an instrumental role in forming the Bihari Students Conference at the hall of Patna College in 1906.

Dr Rajendra Prasad Ji officially joined the Indian National Congress in 1911, during its annual session held in Calcutta.

He was a lawyer by profession and proved to be an influential leader during the Indian freedom struggle. He left his law practice to join the movement along with Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru.

He was jailed multiple times by the British – once in 1931 for participating in the Salt Satyagraha Movement, and once in 1942 for being an active member of the Quit India Movement.

He was sworn in as the President of independent India and went on to become the longest-serving head of state for 12 years.

He died on 28th February 1963 after suffering from illness for 6 months. He spent his last few days in Sadaqat Ashram situated in Patna.

He was the recipient of the highest national honor, the Bharat Ratna.

To mark the 125th birth Anniversary of Dr Rajendra Prasad, RBI had coined Rs 5 coin having his photo and name at the back of the coin.

A list of the books written by Dr. Rajendra Prasad are given below:

  • Mahatma Gandhi and Bihar, Some Reminiscences
  • Satyagraha at Champaran
  • Atmakatha
  • Division of India
  • Since Independence

TECHNICAL TEXTILES

In News:

Ministry of Textiles invites proposals for constitution of a Dedicated Export Promotion Council for Technical Textiles

About Technical Textiles:

The Technical Textiles are defined as Textile material and products manufactured primarily for their Technical performance and functional properties rather than aesthetic and decorative characteristics.

The Technical textiles include textiles for automotive applications, medical textiles (e.g., implants), geotextiles (reinforcement of embankments), agrotextiles (textiles for crop protection), and protective clothing (e.g., heat and radiation protection for fire fighter clothing, molten metal protection for welders, stab protection and bulletproof vests, and spacesuits).

About National Technical Textiles Mission:

Significance and Potential Applications of Technical Textiles:

The Technical Textiles are being used globally for last several decades. These materials have provided innovative projects.

Even while Technical Textiles have been extensively used in developed as well as many developing countries, India has yet to capitalize the technical, economical and environmental benefits on large scale.

The Various parts of India are subjected to floods and environmental degradation. In some of the terrains, the flood management and control can rely on Technical Textiles tubes, containers and bags.

The Technical Textiles have been found to perform better than concrete as water protection component because of permeability, flexibility and ease of underwater placement.

About National Technical Textiles Mission:

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved the establishment of a National Technical Textiles Mission to help India position itself as a “global leader“ in technical textiles.

The Cabinet has approved a total outlay of Rs 1,480 crore for the project, which will be implemented over four years (2020-2024) and aims to promote research, export and skill development in this sector.

An Export Promotion Council for Technical Textiles will be set up for export promotion of technical textiles and ensuring 10% average growth in exports per year upto 2023-24.

NABARD

In News:

APEDA and NABARD sign MoU to work together to synergize the activities in the interest of agriculture and allied sectors for bringing better value to the stakeholders

About NABARD:

The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) is an apex development finance institution fully owned by Government of India.

The bank has been entrusted with “matters concerning policy, planning, and operations in the field of credit for agriculture and other economic activities in rural areas in India”.

NABARD Recruitment 2018: Apply Online for Assistant Manager (P&SS) and Development Assistant posts – Times of India

The NABARD is a development bank focusing primarily on the rural sector of the country. It is the apex banking institution to provide finance for Agriculture and rural development.

Its headquarter is located in Mumbai, the country’s financial capital.

List of NABARD Schemes (Important) – NABARD e-Shakti- Examrace:

It is responsible for the development of the small industries, cottage industries, and any other such village or rural projects.

It is a statutory body established in 1982 under Parliamentary act-National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development Act, 1981.

The vision of NABARD is development Bank of the Nation for Fostering Rural Prosperity.

The mission of NABARD is Promote sustainable and equitable agriculture and rural development through participative financial and non-financial interventions, innovations, technology and institutional development for securing prosperity.

The 3-tier structure of co-operative banks includes

  1. State Cooperative Banks
  2. Primary Agricultural Credit Societies (PACS)
  3. District Central Cooperative Banks

The NABARD role in rural development in India is phenomenal.

National Bank For Agriculture & Rural Development (NABARD) is set up as an apex Development Bank by the government of india with a mandate for facilitating credit flow for promotion and development of agriculture, cottage and village industries.

The Role of NABARD in overall development of India in general and rural & agricultural in specific is highly pivotal.