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3rd Ocyober Current Affairs

National Education Policy prescribes no language

(GS-II: Issues related to the development of the social sector involving education)

In News:

The Ministry of Education constituted a high-powered committee, the Bharatiya Bhasha Samiti for the promotion of Indian languages.

Objective of the committee:

Preparing an action plan: For the growth of Indian languages as prescribed under the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020.

Key focus areas for promoting Indian languages:

Bilingual: Prepare teachers to be bilingual.

Qualification: Incorporating languages as a qualification.

Needs for the development of a language:

Using it as a medium: For instruction or communication or entertainment or science and technology

Developing contemporary literature or content: Such as current developments, thoughts or daily creation of knowledge globally in Indian languages

New words generation: Need for a continuous process of generation of new words

Technology: Languages adapt to technology as 2,000 to 3,000 languages that didn’t adapt to print technology disappeared

Material: Teaching and learning material

Patronage: which can be from corporates, society and governments.

How will it create Job opportunities?

Communication in local language: Multinationals as well as corporates and governments need to communicate in local languages in order to increase their reach.

Only 10.4(ten points four)% know English.

Interpreters: Need for interpreters

Translators: In tourism, there will be a need for translators

Technology tools: such as apps are now being developed in local languages which will open more avenues.

Power of states:

There is flexibility given to States to choose the languages under the three-language formula.

Push for Sanskrit:

NEP: Push through NEP

The Central Sanskrit University: It will be developing simple, standard Sanskrit which can be used as a medium of instruction and communication.

Sanskrit Knowledge Systems: Reservoir of knowledge in Sanskrit texts, which will be researched and published and made accessible.

Preventive Detention

In News:

SC has ruled that “preventive detention” is a serious invasion of personal liberty, and therefore whatever little safeguards the Constitution and the law authorizing such action to provide must be strictly adhered to.

Details:

Over a lakh, people were kept under Preventive detention in 2021.

Background:

SC (Ashok Kumar Vs Delhi Administration, 1982): Preventive detention is devised to afford protection to society. The object is not to punish a man for having done something but to intercept before he does it and to prevent him from doing it.

SC (Ram Manohar Lohia Case): Only the most severe of the acts should justify preventive detention.

What is Preventive Detention?

Preventive detention is the detention of a person on a mere reasonable apprehension of him doing an activity dangerous to public order and security.

Here, the person is confined in custody without undergoing a trial. Section 149-153 of CrPC as well as NDPS Act, and UAPA Act deals with the Preventive actions of the Police.

Constitution under articles 22 (1) and (2) gives protection from preventive detention, but these protections are not available to a person arrested or detained under preventive detention laws (Article 22(3)).

SC had said that there must be a “live and proximate link” between the grounds of detention and the purpose of detention, in order to detain and keep the person in detention.

Swachh Survekshan Gramin, 2022 award

In News:

Telangana won the first prize under the Large States category under Swachh Survekshan Gramin (SSG) 2022 followed by Haryana and Tamil Nadu.

Key Highlights:

The Swachh Survekshan Gramin-2022 award: It ranks States and districts on the basis of their performance attained on key quantitative and qualitative Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin (SBM-G)

Among the smaller States and Union Territories: Andaman and Nicobar secured the first position followed by Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu and Sikkim.

Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) Phase-II:

Emphasizes: On the sustainability of achievements under phase I and provides adequate facilities for Solid/Liquid & Plastic Waste Management (SLWM) in rural India.

Implementation: It will be implemented from 2020-21 to 2024-25 in a mission mode:

Funding Pattern: The fund sharing pattern between Centre and States will be 90:10 for the North-Eastern States and the Himalayan States and UT of J&K; 60:40 for other States; and 100% for other Union Territories.

Implementation: SBM is being implemented by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (M/o HUA) and by the Ministry of Jal Shakti for urban and rural areas.

YUVA 2.0-PM’s Scheme

In News:

The Ministry of Education, Department of Higher Education launched YUVA 2.0 – Prime Minister’s Scheme for Mentoring Young Authors.

Key Highlights:

Author Mentorship programme: To train young and budding authors (below 30 years of age) in order to promote reading, writing and book culture in the country.

YUVA 2.0: It is a part of the India@75

THEME: ‘Democracy (institutions, events, people, constitutional values – past, present, future)’ in an innovative and creative manner.

Importance:

Develop a stream of writers: who can write on a spectrum of subjects to promote Indian heritage, culture and knowledge system.

Window to the aspiring youth: To articulate themselves and present a comprehensive outlook of Indian Democratic values on domestic as well as international platforms.

Implementation: By the National Book Trust, India, under the Ministry of Education.

Stubble burning

In News:

Stubble generation (2022-23) is set to increase by over 1 mn tonnes and over 6 mt may be burned says the government review data.

What is Stubble burning?

Stubble burning is the practice of intentionally setting fire to the straw stubble that remains after grains, such as rice and wheat, have been harvested.

Why burn stubble?

Mechanized harvesting: Combine harvesters used in India’s green belt leaves stubble in the field.

Due to less time between the harvesting of the Kharif crop and the sowing of Wheat, farmers often burn the stubble.

Issues with stubble burning:

In addition to its effects on air quality, stubble burning also affects soil fertility (through the destruction of its nutrients), economic development and climate.

It is a key contributor to air pollution in Delhi-NCR.

Remedial measures taken:

Implementation of the Action plan on management of stubble burning by Delhi adjoining states and submitted to CAQM- Commission for Air Quality management.

Delhi Government’s ’15-point winter action plan’.

In the field: Bio-decomposer, Crop residue management

Taking stubble outside the field: Biomass Power Projects, Co-firing in Thermal Power Plants, Feedstock for 2G Ethanol plants, Feed stock in Compressed Biogas plant, fuel in industrial boilers, WTE plants, packaging materials etc. Prohibition of stubble/crop residue burning. Effective monitoring/enforcement.