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3rd May Current Affairs

Yudhvir Memorial Award

In News:

The Vice President of India presented the ‘Yudhvir Memorial Award’ to Hyderabad-based gynecologist, Dr. Evita Fernandez in recognition of her service for the cause of women’s healthcare and empowerment. He also paid tributes to late Yudhvir Singh.

About:

Yudhvir Singh (1897 – 1983) was an Indian freedom fighter, politician and homeopathic doctor.

He was a member of the Arya Samaj, and edited the publication Arya-Kumar.

He was a leader of the Indian National Congress in Delhi. He took part in the pro-independence struggles of 1932, 1941 and the Quit India Movement of 1942.

In 1935 Singh became the secretary of the Delhi Pradesh Congress Committee. In 1937 he became a municipal commissioner of Delhi, a post he held until 1952.

He served as Minister, Health and Rehabilitation, Industries and Labour and Rationing and Jail in the Delhi State government between 1955 and 1956. During his tenure the Delhi Homeopathic Act was passed (the Act came into force on 1 October 1956).

Singh was presented with Padma Shri in 1971 and later with Padma Bhushan in 1977 by the government.

Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Ji

In News:

Prime Minister Modi has bowed to Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Ji on his 400th Parkash Purab.

About:

Guru Tegh Bahadur (1621 – 1675) was the ninth of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion.

Name: He was born as Tyaga Mal. He came to be known by the name Teg Bahadur (Mighty of The Sword), given to him by Guru Hargobind after he shown his valour in a battle against the Mughals.

Family: His father was the Sixth guru, Guru Hargobind. His son Guru Gobind Singh, became the tenth Sikh guru.

Life and works:

He built the city of Anandpur Sahib (in Rupnagar/Ropar district, on the edge of Shivalik Hills, near the Sutlej River, in Punjab). Here the last two Sikh Gurus lived and where Guru Gobind Singh Ji founded the Khalsa Panth in 1699.

He contributed more than 100 poetic hymns to Granth Sahib which cover various topics, such as the nature of God, human attachments, body, mind, dignity service etc.

He resisted the forced conversions of Kashmiri Pandits and non-Muslims to Islam.

Martyrdom:

He was publicly beheaded in 1675 on the orders of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi for himself refusing to convert to Islam. He is remembered for giving up his life for freedom of religion.

His martyrdom is remembered as the Shaheedi Divas of Guru Tegh Bahadur every year on 24 November, according to the Nanakshahi calendar released by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee in 2003.

Memorials in Delhi:

Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib mark the place of his execution.

Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib mark the places of cremation of his body.

P-8I patrol aircraft

In News:

The U.S. State Department on Friday approved the proposed sale of six P-8I patrol aircraft and related equipment to India, a deal estimated to cost $2.42 billion.

About:

In November 2019, the Defence Acquisition Council, chaired by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, approved the procurement of the long-range maritime surveillance aircraft manufactured by Boeing.

The original proposal was for 10 more aircraft but was cut down to six due to budgetary constraints as well as because the Navy had adopted some fleet rationalisation measures and was considering long-endurance unmanned platforms.

The possible sale comes through the Foreign Military Sale route and requires that the U.S. Congress be notified.

With India having signed the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA) foundational agreement with the U.S., the six aircraft will come fitted with encrypted systems.

These systems were replaced with commercial off-the-shelf systems in the earlier deals.

The P-8I is based on the Boeing 737 commercial aircraft and India was its first international customer.

President’s Rule in Delhi

In News:

AAP MLA Shoaib Iqbal has demanded imposition of President’s Rule in Delhi in view of the massive surge in COVID-19 cases.

What’s the issue?

He said neither him nor the government is able to offer any help to the people affected by the second wave of COVID-19. Therefore, the President’s rule must be imposed.

Observations made by the High Court on the current situation:

The Delhi High Court said “the state has failed to protect the right to life of citizens”, while expressing anguish over the death of a COVID-19 patient whose family had been pleading for an ICU bed for the last three days.

It said, the state has failed to protect the right to life of people guaranteed under Article 21 of the Constitution.

What is President’s Rule in the Indian context?

Article 356 of the Constitution of India gives the President of India power to suspend state government and impose President’s rule of any state in the country “if he is satisfied that a situation has arisen in which the government of the state cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution”.

It is also known as ‘State Emergency’ or ‘Constitutional Emergency’.

Upon the imposition of this rule, there would be no Council of Ministers.

The state will fall under the direct control of the Union government, and the Governor will continue to head the proceedings, representing the President of India.

Parliamentary Approval and Duration:

A proclamation imposing President’s Rule must be approved by both the Houses of Parliament within two months from the date of its issue.

The approval takes place through simple majority in either House, that is, a majority of the members of the House present and voting.

Initially valid for six months, the President’s Rule can be extended for a maximum period of three years with the approval of the Parliament, every six months.

Report of the Governor:

Under Article 356, President’s Rule is imposed if the President, upon receipt of the report from the Governor of the State or otherwise, is satisfied that a situation has arisen in which the government of the State cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.

Revocation:

A proclamation of President’s Rule may be revoked by the President at any time by a subsequent proclamation.

Such a proclamation does not require parliamentary approval.