World Fisheries Day
World Fisheries Day is observed every year on 21st November since 1997.
Aims & Objectives: To demonstrate solidarity with all fisher-folk communities, fish farmers and concerned stakeholders throughout the world.
It focuses on sustainability of fisheries and witnessed interaction between experts and fish farmers.
Theme: Ways for sustainable Fisheries Productivity and the contribution of each one of us.
The Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying is celebrating the day and will award best performing States in the Fisheries Sector for 2019-20 for the first time.
Fisheries Sector in India:
The Government of India is working to transform the sector and to usher in economic revolution through the Blue Revolution in the country.
India is a leading fish producing country and the second major producer of fish through aquaculture in the world.
India contributes about 7.7 per cent to the global fish production and it ranks 4th in global exports of fish products..
Fisheries sector in India provides direct employment to about 28 million fishers and fish farmers besides meeting the food and nutritional security and foreign exchange earnings.
About Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY):
It was launched in September 2020 under the Atma Nirbhar Package.
Aims & Objectives:
It focuses on sustainable development of the fisheries sector in the country with an estimated investment of ₹20,050 crore for its implementation during 2020-21 to 2024-25.
To enhance the fish production by an additional 70 lakh tonne by 2024-25, increasing fisheries export earnings to Rs.1,00,000 crore by 2024-25.
To double the incomes of fishers and fish farmers, reducing post-harvest losses from 20-25% to about 10% and the generation of gainful employment opportunities in the sector.
It will be implemented as an umbrella scheme with two separate components namely
Central Sector Scheme: The project cost will be borne by the Central government.
Centrally Sponsored Scheme: All the sub-components/activities will be implemented by the States/UTs and the cost will be shared between Centre and State.
For optimal outcomes, ‘Cluster or area-based approach’ would be followed with requisite forward and backward linkages and end to end solutions.
In Karabakh, Putin plays Peacemaker
Roots of the conflict (In Soviet Era):
Current status: Independent but unrecognized:
Moscow sees the Caucasus and Central Asian region as its backyard. But the current clashes put President Vladimir Putin in a difficult spot. Russia enjoys good ties with both Azerbaijan and Armenia and supplies weapons to both. But Armenia is more dependent on Russia than the energy-rich, ambitious Azerbaijan. Russia also has a military base in Armenia. But Moscow, at least publicly, is trying to strike a balance between the two. Like in the 1990s, its best interest would be in mediating a ceasefire between the warring sides.
Mega Food Park
Recently, the Union Minister for Food Processing Industries, Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Rural Development and Panchayati Raj inaugurated Mega Food Park (MFP) at Phagwara in Kapurthala district of Punjab.
About the Scheme:
The Ministry of Food Processing Industries has been implementing the Mega Food Park Scheme in the country since 2008.
It is based on the “Cluster” approach and envisages the creation of state of art support infrastructure in a well-defined agri / horticultural zone for setting up of modern food processing units in the industrial plots provided in the park with a well-established supply chain.
It is implemented by a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) which is a Body Corporate registered under the Companies Act.
State Government, State Government entities and Cooperatives are not required to form a separate SPV for implementation of Mega Food Park project.
About Mega Food Park:
They typically consist of supply chain infrastructure including collection centres, primary processing centres, central processing centres, cold chains and around 25-30 fully developed plots for entrepreneurs to set up food processing units.
Aims and objectives:
It aims at providing a mechanism to link agricultural production to the market by bringing together farmers, processors and retailers.
To ensure maximizing value addition, minimizing wastage, increasing farmers income and creating employment opportunities particularly in the rural sector.
These food parks give a major boost to the food processing sector by adding value and reducing food wastage at each stage of the supply chain with a particular focus on perishables.