30 July Current Affairs
July 30, 2019
01 August Current Affairs
August 1, 2019
Show all

31 July Current Affairs

Central Wakf Council

In News:

A national conference of Central Waqf Council (CWC) was recently held.

Details:

Central Wakf Council is a statutory body established in 1964 by the Government of India under Wakf Act, 1954 (now a sub section the Wakf Act, 1995).

It has been established for the purpose of advising Centre on matters pertaining to working of the State Wakf Boards and proper administration of the Wakfs in the country.

It is a permanent dedication of movable or immovable properties for religious, pious or charitable purposes as recognized by Muslim Law, given by philanthropists.

Composition and appointments:

The Council is headed by a Chairperson, who is the Union Minister in charge of Wakfs and there are maximum 20 other members, appointed by Government of India as stipulated in the Wakf Act.

Renaming of states

In News:

Over the years, several demands have been made, for reasons that could be either political or administrative, to change the name of West Bengal.

Details:

A request in 2018 was rejected by the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) in November 2018 due to the similarity between “Bangla” and “Bangladesh”.

Rationale behind renaming:

The state government first proposed the renaming in 2016. West Bengal argues for the change saying bureaucrats and politicians from the state often complain that they are asked to speak at the end of every national-level meeting in Delhi. This was because the speakers’ lists at such meeting are prepared according to alphabetical order of the states they represent. If West Bengal gets the new name, it will leapfrog from bottom of the list to the top of the pecking order.

The renaming will help the state appear at the fourth spot after Arunachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Assam in the alphabetic order of the states.

The procedure of renaming of the state can be initiated by either the Parliament or the State Legislator and the procedure is as follows:

  • The renaming of a state requires Parliamentary approval under Article 3 and 4 of the Constitution.
  • A bill for renaming a state may be introduced in the Parliament on the recommendation of the President.
  • Before the introduction of the bill, the President shall send the bill to the respective state assembly for expressing their views within a stipulated time. The views of the state assembly are not binding, neither on the President nor on the Parliament.
  • On the expiry of the period, the bill will be sent to the Parliament for deliberation. The bill in order to take the force of a law must be passed by a simple majority.
  • The bill is sent for approval to the President. After the approval of the said bill, the bill becomes a law and the name of the state stands modified.

Initiation by a State:

If any fresh proposal comes from states to the Home Ministry, it will prepare a note for the Union Cabinet for an amendment to the Schedule 1 of the Constitution. Thereafter, a Constitution Amendment Bill will be introduced in Parliament, which has to approve it with a simple majority, before the President gives his assent to it.

GI Certification

In News:

Odisha has bagged the geographical indication (GI) tag for its local version of “Rasagola”.

Details:

This GI tag, numbered 612, is the second for Odisha. It got its first GI tag for Kandhamal Haldi.

Background:

This tag comes amid a years-long debate between West Bengal and Odisha over where the sweet had originated.

West Bengal and Odisha had staked their claim on GI tag for Rasagola. In 2017, West Bengal secured the GI tag for its “Banglar Rasogolla”.

Bengalis claim that the Rasgulla was invented in the 19th century by Nobin Chandra Das at his Bagbazar residence in Kolkata, while Odias believe that the tradition of Niladri Bije where Rasgulla is offered started in the 12th century.

Now with Odisha also securing a certificate for a similar but somewhat differently named delicacy, it seems both will be relishing the sweet end.

About GI tag:

A GI is primarily an agricultural, natural or a manufactured product (handicrafts and industrial goods) originating from a definite geographical territory.

Significance of a GI tag:

Typically, such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness, which is essentially attributable to the place of its origin.

Security:

Once the GI protection is granted, no other producer can misuse the name to market similar products. It also provides comfort to customers about the authenticity of that product.

Provisions in this regard: GI is covered as element of intellectual property rights (IPRs) under Paris Convention for Protection of Industrial Property.

At international level, GI is governed by WTO’s Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). In India, Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection Act), 1999 governs it.

5G Technology

Global telecom industry body GSMA expects India to have 920 million unique mobile subscribers by 2025 which will include 88 million 5G connections. This will leave India trailing regional peers such as China, which is set to see almost 30% of its total connection base on 5G by 2025.

The term 5G is used to describe the next-generation of mobile networks beyond Long Term Evolution(LTE) mobile networks.

Applications: It is a mix of telecom technology delivering much higher data speeds on more extensive connectivity, using much lower power, with extended battery life, and emitting less radiation.

  • It is also designed to be the network for the Internet of Things (IoT).
  • Not only will people be connected to each other but so will utility machines, industrial equipment, automobiles, city infrastructure, public safety and more.

The technology used: In order to support a huge number of devices, many of which require longer battery life, the 5G network will be building off of the LTE Advanced Pro platform.

It will use the two narrowband technologies platforms:

Enhanced machine-type communication (e-MTC) and narrowband IoT (NB-IoT), to scale down the device and network complexity to reach these support goals.

Advantage

  • 5G network speeds should have a peak data rate of 20 Gb/s for the downlink and 10 Gb/s for the uplink.
  • Latency in a 5G network could get as low as 4 milliseconds in a mobile scenario and can be as low as 1 millisecond in ultra-reliable low latency communication scenarios.

Lok Sabha clears Code on Wages Bill

In News:

The Lok Sabha passed the Code on Wages Bill, 2019, which amends and consolidates laws relating to wages/bonus and universalises the provisions of minimum wages and timely payment of wages to all employees irrespective of the sector and wage ceiling.

Features of the Bill:

  • The bill seeks to define the norms for fixing minimum wages which will be applicable to workers of organised and unorganised sectors, except government employees and MNREGA workers.
  • The bill seeks to do away with current provisions under which minimum wages are fixed based on skilled, unskilled, semi-skilled, high skilled, geographical regions, and nature of work such as mining and are applicable for 45 scheduled employments in the central sphere and 1709 scheduled employments in states.
  • The bill proposes to link the minimum wages across the country only to factors of skills and geographical regions, while the rest of the factors have been removed.
  • The amendments proposed by the bill are expected to reduce the number of minimum wages across the country to 300 from about 2,500 minimum wage rates at present.
  • A National Floor Level Minimum Wage will be set by the Centre and would be revised every five years. State governments will be free to fix minimum wages for their regions, which cannot be lower than the floor wage.
  • The bill proposes penalty ranging from Rs 10,000 to Rs 1 lakh and repeat offences would invite imprisonment along with providing for compounding of those offences which are not punishable with imprisonment.

Triple Talaq Bill sails through Rajya Sabha

In News:

The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019, better known as the Triple Talaq Bill, was passed in the Rajya Sabha.

Details:

Features of the Bill:

The Important features of the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill are:

  • The bill makes the all declaration of triple talaq, including in written or electronic form, to be void (i.e. not enforceable in law) and illegal. Talaq-e-biddat.
  • Declaration of Triple Talaq would be a cognizable offence, attracting up to three years’ imprisonment with a fine. The bill states that the offence will be cognizable only if information relating to the offence is given by the married woman (against whom talaq has been declared), or any person related to her by blood or marriage.
  • Under the provisions of the bill, the Magistrate may grant bail to the accused only after hearing the woman (against whom talaq has been pronounced), and if the Magistrate is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for granting bail.
  • The bill also states that the offence may be compounded by the Magistrate upon the request of the woman (against whom talaq has been declared). The bill empowers the Magistrate to determine terms and conditions of the compounding.
  • A Muslim Women against whom the triple talaq is pronounced is entitled to seek subsistence allowance from her husband for herself and for her dependent children and the amount of the allowance will be determined by the Magistrate.
  • A Muslim Women against whom the triple talaq is pronounced is entitled to seek custody of her minor children and the manner of custody will be determined by the Magistrate.

 

275 Comments

  1. What’s up, its good article on the topic of media print, we all be aware of media is a great source of facts.|

  2. sex says:

    I really love your website.. Pleasant colors & theme. Did you make this web site yourself? Please reply back as I’m hoping to create my own personal blog and want to learn where you got this from or exactly what the theme is named. Appreciate it!|

  3. click here says:

    Wow, wonderful blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is magnificent, let alone the content!|

  4. It’s awesome designed for me to have a web page, which is beneficial designed for my knowledge. thanks admin|

  5. Pump India says:

    amazing article

  6. Greetings! I know this is kinda off topic however , I’d figured I’d ask. Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe guest writing a blog article or vice-versa? My site goes over a lot of the same subjects as yours and I feel we could greatly benefit from each other. If you might be interested feel free to shoot me an e-mail. I look forward to hearing from you! Awesome blog by the way!|

  7. 슈어맨 says:

    Hey there! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with Search Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good success. If you know of any please share. Thanks!|

  8. Thanks a lot for sharing this with all of us you really know what you are talking about! Bookmarked. Kindly also consult with my web site =). We could have a link exchange agreement among us|

  9. Hi to every body, it’s my first go to see of this website; this web site carries amazing and genuinely good stuff for readers.|

  10. 슈어맨 says:

    Simply want to say your article is as astounding. The clearness in your post is just spectacular and i could assume you’re an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission allow me to grab your RSS feed to keep updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please continue the rewarding work.|

  11. Ahaa, its pleasant discussion regarding this post at this place at this website, I have read all that, so now me also commenting here.|

  12. Hey would you mind letting me know which hosting company you’re using? I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot faster then most. Can you suggest a good web hosting provider at a reasonable price? Kudos, I appreciate it!|

  13. Hi there it’s me, I am also visiting this site daily, this web page is really fastidious and the visitors are really sharing nice thoughts.|

  14. strand huren says:

    Right here is the right webpage for anybody who hopes to understand this topic. You realize so much its almost tough to argue with you (not that I actually would want to…HaHa). You definitely put a new spin on a topic that’s been written about for many years. Wonderful stuff, just excellent!|

  15. Anal Sex says:

    Hey! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with SEO? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good gains. If you know of any please share. Thanks!|

  16. link says:

    Nice Information

  17. This design is steller! You most certainly know how to keep a reader amused. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Wonderful job. I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it. Too cool!|

  18. Rymden 77 says:

    Hello to every , since I am really eager of reading this blog’s post to be updated daily. It carries fastidious data.|

  19. Dee Desouza says:

    Washer Pros of Austi – 603 Davis St #36, Austin, TX 78701, United States — (512) 352-9650

  20. Hi there! I’m at work browsing your blog from my new iphone 3gs! Just wanted to say I love reading through your blog and look forward to all your posts! Carry on the outstanding work!|

  21. Washer Pros of Austin – 603 Davis St #36, Austin, TX 78701, United States — (512) 352-9650

  22. If some one wants to be updated with latest technologies therefore he must be pay a visit this website and be up to date everyday.|

  23. My brother recommended I might like this website. He was entirely right. This post truly made my day. You can not imagine just how much time I had spent for this info! Thanks!|

  24. Washer Pros of Austin – 603 Davis St #36, Austin, TX 78701, United States — (512) 352-9650

  25. Washer Pros of Austin – 603 Davis St #36, Austin, TX 78701, United States — (512) 352-9650

  26. Washer Pros of Austin – 603 Davis St #36, Austin, TX 78701, United States — (512) 352-9650

  27. Washer Pros of Austin – 603 Davis St #36, Austin, TX 78701, United States — (512) 352-9650

  28. Does your site have a contact page? I’m having problems locating it but, I’d like to send you an email. I’ve got some suggestions for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great site and I look forward to seeing it improve over time.|

  29. My brother suggested I may like this web site. He was once totally right. This submit actually made my day. You can not consider simply how much time I had spent for this information! Thanks!|

  30. CBD Oil says:

    certainly like your web-site however you need to check the spelling on quite a few of your posts. Many of them are rife with spelling issues and I in finding it very troublesome to inform the truth however I’ll certainly come again again.|

  31. I all the time emailed this webpage post page to all my friends, since if like to read it next my friends will too.|

  32. Hi, just wanted to say, I enjoyed this blog post. It was practical. Keep on posting!|

  33. aaxll says:

    Very shortly this site will be famous among all blog viewers, due to it’s pleasant content|

  34. balance cbd says:

    I am actually glad to glance at this webpage posts which includes plenty of helpful information, thanks for providing these kinds of statistics.|

  35. Wonderful goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you’re just too excellent. I actually like what you have acquired here, really like what you’re stating and the way in which you say it. You make it entertaining and you still take care of to keep it sensible. I can not wait to read much more from you. This is really a great website.|

  36. What’s up mates, how is the whole thing, and what you would like to say regarding this post, in my view its in fact amazing in support of me.|

  37. Every weekend i used to pay a visit this website, for the reason that i want enjoyment, since this this web page conations really nice funny data too.|

  38. I was recommended this web site by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my trouble. You are amazing! Thanks!|

  39. Hey! Quick question that’s totally off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My weblog looks weird when viewing from my iphone 4. I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able to correct this issue. If you have any recommendations, please share. Thanks!|

  40. john mueller says:

    Appreciate the recommendation. Will try it out.|

  41. Ridiculous quest there. What occurred after? Take care!|

  42. Hey There. I discovered your blog the usage of msn. This is a very well written article. I’ll be sure to bookmark it and come back to learn more of your helpful information. Thanks for the post. I will certainly return.|

  43. Fine way of describing, and pleasant article to get data on the topic of my presentation topic, which i am going to convey in academy.|

  44. Hello there, You have done a great job. I will definitely digg it and in my view suggest to my friends. I’m confident they’ll be benefited from this web site.|

  45. check this says:

    I like the valuable information you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark your weblog and check again here frequently. I’m quite certain I’ll learn a lot of new stuff right here! Best of luck for the next!|

  46. edatapay.com says:

    Marvelous, what a blog it is! This website provides valuable facts to us, keep it up.|

  47. Greetings! Very helpful advice within this article! It is the little changes that make the biggest changes. Thanks for sharing!|

  48. trk4.com says:

    First off I want to say excellent blog! I had a quick question that I’d like to ask if you do not mind. I was interested to find out how you center yourself and clear your mind before writing. I’ve had a hard time clearing my thoughts in getting my ideas out. I truly do take pleasure in writing but it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes are wasted simply just trying to figure out how to begin. Any suggestions or hints? Thank you!|

  49. visit here says:

    When someone writes an piece of writing he/she maintains the image of a user in his/her mind that how a user can understand it. Thus that’s why this post is great. Thanks!|

  50. casino tips says:

    Great article! We will be linking to this great post on our website. Keep up the good writing.|

  51. I need to to thank you for this excellent read!! I definitely enjoyed every little bit of it. I have you book marked to look at new things you post…|

  52. I definitely wanted to type a small message so as to appreciate you for all the wonderful techniques you are giving out here. My incredibly long internet look up has finally been rewarded with useful content to talk about with my companions. I ‘d declare that most of us readers actually are undeniably endowed to live in a really good network with very many wonderful individuals with helpful points. I feel pretty privileged to have discovered your entire site and look forward to some more cool minutes reading here. Thanks a lot once more for everything.

  53. I’ve recently started a web site, the information you provide on this web site has helped me tremendously. Thanks for all of your time & work.

  54. Absolutely written content material, Really enjoyed looking at.

  55. Attractive element of content. I simply stumbled upon your website and in accession capital to assert that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I will be subscribing on your feeds or even I achievement you access consistently fast.

  56. This piece of writing gives clear idea designed for the new people of blogging, that in fact how to do blogging and site-building.|

  57. Lily Moses says:

    I love looking through and I believe this website got some really utilitarian stuff on it!

  58. F*ckin’ amazing issues here. I’m very happy to peer your article. Thank you so much and i am having a look forward to contact you. Will you please drop me a e-mail?

  59. Jaye Paine says:

    of course like your web site but you need to check the spelling on several of your posts. Many of them are rife with spelling issues and I in finding it very troublesome to tell the reality nevertheless I will certainly come back again.

  60. Veer Rush says:

    I regard something truly special in this internet site.

  61. My Proofile says:

    Hi there, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam responses? If so how do you reduce it, any plugin or anything you can suggest? I get so much lately it’s driving me mad so any support is very much appreciated.|

  62. Hi, I do believe this is a great blog. I stumbledupon it 😉 I will return yet again since i have book-marked it. Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others.|

  63. Jaya Gunn says:

    I do believe all of the ideas you have offered for your post. They are really convincing and can definitely work. Still, the posts are too quick for starters. Could you please prolong them a little from subsequent time? Thanks for the post.

  64. Guto Cano says:

    Thank you for your website post. Thomas and I have already been saving to get a new guide on this matter and your blog post has made us all to save money. Your notions really clarified all our concerns. In fact, in excess of what we had known just before we stumbled on your great blog. My spouse and i no longer nurture doubts as well as a troubled mind because you have attended to all of our needs in this post. Thanks

  65. aaron lal says:

    Thanks for the article

  66. Thanks for sharing superb informations. Your web site is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you’ve on this site. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for extra articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found simply the information I already searched everywhere and just couldn’t come across. What a great site.

  67. I always was interested in this topic and stock still am, thanks for posting.

  68. I really like your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you make this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you? Plz reply as I’m looking to create my own blog and would like to find out where u got this from. cheers|

  69. I really like what you guys are up too. This sort of clever work and reporting! Keep up the amazing works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to blogroll.|

  70. I’m not that much of a internet reader to be honest but your sites really nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your site to come back later. Cheers|

  71. Hello, after reading this amazing article i am also happy to share my knowledge here with colleagues.|

  72. It’s very easy to find out any matter on net as compared to books, as I found this piece of writing at this web page.|

  73. I simply want to say I’m beginner to weblog and really savored this web page. More than likely I’m want to bookmark your blog . You amazingly come with impressive posts. Thank you for sharing your website page.

  74. Pressure-Cost-free Journey By Organizing Your Holiday Proficiently With One Of These Ideas

  75. CBD Gummies says:

    Wow! This could be one particular of the most helpful blogs We’ve ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Excellent. I’m also an expert in this topic therefore I can understand your effort.

  76. Area on with this write-up, I really assume this internet site requires much more factor to consider. I?ll possibly be once more to check out a lot more, thanks for that info.

  77. I couldn’t resist commenting. Exceptionally well written!|

  78. Hi, I do believe this is an excellent site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I’m going to come back yet again since i have book-marked it. Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to help others.|

  79. Wow, this article is nice, my younger sister is analyzing these kinds of things, thus I am going to tell her.|

  80. Click here says:

    Howdy! Someone in my Myspace group shared this website with us so I came to give it a look. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Terrific blog and excellent design and style.|

  81. Alex Kime says:

    Hello just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The words in your article seem to be running off the screen in Opera. I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with web browser compatibility but I figured I’d post to let you know. The style and design look great though! Hope you get the issue solved soon. Many thanks|

  82. I could not resist commenting. Exceptionally well written!|

  83. Terrific work! This is the type of information that are supposed to be shared around the web. Shame on the search engines for not positioning this put up upper! Come on over and talk over with my website . Thank you =)|

  84. Attractive element of content. I simply stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to say that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I will be subscribing for your feeds and even I success you get entry to constantly fast.|

  85. Hey there would you mind stating which blog platform you’re working with? I’m looking to start my own blog soon but I’m having a hard time making a decision between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal. The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique. P.S Apologies for being off-topic but I had to ask!|

  86. Asking questions are really pleasant thing if you are not understanding something completely, but this piece of writing offers good understanding even.|

  87. Its like you learn my thoughts! You seem to understand so much about this, such as you wrote the book in it or something. I feel that you just could do with a few to power the message home a little bit, however instead of that, this is fantastic blog. An excellent read. I will certainly be back.|

  88. Hi! Would you mind if I share your blog with my myspace group? There’s a lot of people that I think would really appreciate your content. Please let me know. Cheers|

  89. Aw, this was a really great article. In concept I would love to put in writing such as this furthermore? taking some time as well as real effort to make a very good short article? yet what can I say? I procrastinate alot and never seem to obtain something done.

  90. Bet 88 says:

    Whats up this is somewhat of off topic but I was wondering if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually code with HTML. I’m starting a blog soon but have no coding experience so I wanted to get advice from someone with experience. Any help would be greatly appreciated!|

  91. my profile says:

    Does your site have a contact page? I’m having a tough time locating it but, I’d like to send you an email. I’ve got some creative ideas for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great site and I look forward to seeing it expand over time.|

  92. SEO Billings says:

    Howdy, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i was just wondering if you get a lot of spam responses? If so how do you prevent it, any plugin or anything you can recommend? I get so much lately it’s driving me mad so any assistance is very much appreciated.|

  93. I for all time emailed this blog post page to all my associates, as if like to read it after that my links will too.|

  94. This text is invaluable. How can I find out more?|

  95. It’s perfect time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I have read this publish and if I could I wish to suggest you some fascinating things or suggestions. Maybe you can write next articles regarding this article. I want to read even more things about it!|

  96. When I initially commented I clicked the -Alert me when brand-new remarks are added- checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get four emails with the exact same comment. Exists any way you can remove me from that service? Thanks!

  97. balance cbd says:

    Hi there! Someone in my Myspace group shared this site with us so I came to look it over. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Outstanding blog and wonderful design and style.|

  98. LA Weekly says:

    Hey there just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in your content seem to be running off the screen in Internet explorer. I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with web browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to let you know. The design and style look great though! Hope you get the problem solved soon. Cheers|

  99. Adult Video says:

    Hi there would you mind letting me know which hosting company you’re working with? I’ve loaded your blog in 3 different web browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot faster then most. Can you recommend a good internet hosting provider at a reasonable price? Thanks, I appreciate it!|

  100. Hello! Do you know if they make any plugins to safeguard against hackers? I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Any recommendations?|

  101. Daily News says:

    Hello to every single one, it’s in fact a good for me to pay a visit this web site, it contains helpful Information.|

  102. When I originally left a comment I seem to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on each time a comment is added I receive 4 emails with the same comment. There has to be an easy method you can remove me from that service? Cheers!|

  103. Hi! I’ve been following your weblog for a while now and finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from New Caney Tx! Just wanted to mention keep up the fantastic job!|

  104. Would certainly you be fascinated in exchanging web links?

  105. Howdy, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i was just wondering if you get a lot of spam remarks? If so how do you protect against it, any plugin or anything you can advise? I get so much lately it’s driving me insane so any help is very much appreciated.|

  106. Thanks a lot for being the coach on this niche. I actually enjoyed your own article very much and most of all liked the way you handled the aspect I regarded as being controversial. You happen to be always very kind towards readers really like me and assist me in my life. Thank you.

  107. Nice message. I learn something more tough on various blog sites day-to-day. It will certainly always be stimulating to check out web content from various other authors and also exercise a little something from their store. I?d favor to use some with the web content on my blog site whether you don?t mind. Natually I?ll offer you a link on your internet blog. Thanks for sharing.

  108. Very interesting details you have mentioned, thank you for posting.

  109. You should take part in a contest for among the best blogs online. I will suggest this website!

  110. jon manzi says:

    Saved as a favorite, I love your web site!|

  111. I was suggested this website by my cousin. I’m no longer sure whether this post is written by way of him as no one else understand such distinctive approximately my trouble. You’re amazing! Thank you!|

  112. extremely wonderful blog post, i definitely like this site, go on it

  113. xvideo says:

    Saved as a favorite, I love your site!|

  114. It is the best time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you few interesting things or advice. Maybe you could write next articles referring to this article. I desire to read even more things about it!|

  115. Heya i’m for the first time here. I found this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and aid others like you helped me.|

  116. surgical says:

    This is really interesting, You are a very skilled blogger. I have joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your excellent post. Also, I’ve shared your website in my social networks!|

  117. I appreciate you sharing this blog article.Much thanks again. Great.

  118. Xvideo says:

    Hello just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in your article seem to be running off the screen in Ie. I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with internet browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to let you know. The style and design look great though! Hope you get the problem solved soon. Kudos|

  119. xnxx video says:

    I’ve been browsing online more than three hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if all website owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the internet will be much more useful than ever before.|

  120. xnxx video says:

    Hey! Someone in my Myspace group shared this website with us so I came to look it over. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m book-marking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Wonderful blog and wonderful style and design.|

  121. SF Weekly says:

    Ahaa, its fastidious discussion concerning this post at this place at this webpage, I have read all that, so at this time me also commenting here.|

  122. SF Weekly says:

    Does your site have a contact page? I’m having problems locating it but, I’d like to send you an email. I’ve got some recommendations for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing it improve over time.|

  123. I have been browsing on-line greater than three hours these days, yet I by no means discovered any fascinating article like yours. It’s beautiful worth sufficient for me. Personally, if all webmasters and bloggers made just right content as you probably did, the internet will be a lot more useful than ever before.|

  124. Best CBD Oil says:

    I really like it when folks come together and share views. Great blog, keep it up!|

  125. Best CBD Oil says:

    Greetings from Los angeles! I’m bored to death at work so I decided to browse your blog on my iphone during lunch break. I really like the information you present here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home. I’m shocked at how quick your blog loaded on my mobile .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, superb blog!|

  126. Good post. I learn something totally new and challenging on websites I stumbleupon every day. It’s always exciting to read content from other authors and practice something from their websites. |

  127. CBD Oil says:

    I’ve been browsing online greater than 3 hours lately, yet I by no means discovered any fascinating article like yours. It is pretty worth sufficient for me. In my view, if all website owners and bloggers made just right content material as you probably did, the web can be a lot more useful than ever before.|

  128. find this says:

    This website is actually a walk-through for every one of the info you wanted concerning this and didn?t know that to ask. Glance right here, as well as you?ll absolutely find it.

  129. Eetu says:

    This site was… how do you say it? Relevant!! Finally I have found something which helped me. Appreciate it!|

  130. Learn More says:

    Can I just state what an alleviation to locate somebody that in fact knows what theyre discussing online. You certainly know exactly how to bring an issue to light and make it essential. Even more people need to read this as well as understand this side of the story. I angle believe youre not more popular since you definitely have the present.

  131. Hello! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site with us so I came to take a look. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Outstanding blog and excellent style and design.|

  132. Rickey McVilly says:

    YOU ARE INTERESTED IN 5G ?

    5G HUB is the premier online educating and tutoring library featuring everything about 5G!

    Take a tour and explore our unparalleled, extensive archives to access reliable information and products about the latest 5G technology.

    SEE Featured 5G Products here: https://zeep.ly/Eb3IQ

  133. The following time I review a blog, I really hope that it doesn’t disappoint me as high as this one. I mean, I recognize it was my choice to check out, however I actually assumed youd have something intriguing to say. All I listen to is a bunch of whimpering concerning something that you can take care of if you werent too hectic seeking attention.

  134. My brother recommended I might like this web site. He was entirely right. This post actually made my day. You cann’t imagine simply how much time I had spent for this info! Thanks!|

  135. Love watching movies !

  136. I just could not depart your website before suggesting that I really loved the standard info a person supply to your guests? Is going to be back incessantly to investigate cross-check new posts|

  137. Anonymous says:

    Best view in the town !

  138. knowing it says:

    There are definitely a lot of details like that to think about. That is a terrific point to bring up. I use the thoughts over as basic ideas however plainly there are concerns like the one you raise where one of the most crucial point will be operating in straightforward good faith. I don?t know if ideal methods have arised around things like that, however I am sure that your job is clearly recognized as a fair game. Both young boys as well as ladies feel the impact of just a moment?s enjoyment, for the remainder of their lives.

  139. I got this site from my friend who told me on the topic of this website and now this time I am visiting this site and reading very informative articles or reviews here.

  140. Best view in the town !

  141. A girl spreading her legs from Derzen

  142. There are absolutely a lot of information like that to think about. That is a terrific indicate bring up. I provide the thoughts over as general inspiration but plainly there are inquiries like the one you bring up where the most important thing will be working in sincere good faith. I don?t know if ideal practices have actually emerged around points like that, however I am sure that your task is plainly determined as a level playing field. Both children and also women feel the impact of simply a moment?s enjoyment, for the remainder of their lives.

  143. Best view in the town !

  144. bookmarked!!, I really like your blog!|

  145. Hi I am so thrilled I found your web site, I really found you by accident, while I was browsing on Bing for something else, Nonetheless I am here now and would just like to say thanks a lot for a marvelous post and a all round exciting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to read it all at the moment but I have bookmarked it and also added your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a lot more, Please do keep up the awesome b.|

  146. You need to take part in a competition for one of the very best blog sites online. I will certainly advise this website!

  147. What’s up, I wish for to subscribe for this web site to take most recent updates, so where can i do it please help.|

  148. I am often to blog writing as well as i really appreciate your material. The write-up has actually peaks my rate of interest. I am mosting likely to bookmark your site and also maintain checking for new information.

  149. Aw, this was a truly great blog post. In suggestion I would like to place in creating like this additionally? taking some time and also actual initiative to make an excellent post? yet what can I state? I hesitate alot and never appear to get something done.

  150. Good article. I discover something much more challenging on various blogs day-to-day. It will certainly constantly be boosting to check out web content from various other authors and practice a something from their store. I?d like to make use of some with the content on my blog whether you don?t mind. Natually I?ll give you a link on your internet blog. Many thanks for sharing.

  151. Fantastic beat ! I wish to apprentice while you
    amend your website, how can i subscribe for a blog site?
    The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been a
    little bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear idea

  152. annalect.com says:

    Hi, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam remarks? If so how do you reduce it, any plugin or anything you can recommend? I get so much lately it’s driving me crazy so any help is very much appreciated.|

  153. Keep on writing, great job!

  154. My partner and I absolutely love your blog and find the
    majority of your post’s to be just what I’m looking for.
    can you offer guest writers to write content for you?

    I wouldn’t mind writing a post or elaborating on most of the subjects you write regarding here.
    Again, awesome blog!

  155. Way cool! Some extremely valid points! I appreciate you writing this post and also the rest of the website is very good.|

  156. It?s hard to discover educated people on this subject, but you sound like you recognize what you?re discussing! Many thanks

  157. learn here says:

    Ahaa, its pleasant dialogue concerning this post here at this web site, I have read all that, so at this time me also commenting here.|

  158. A fascinating conversation is worth remark. I assume that you must create much more on this subject, it could not be a forbidden topic yet normally individuals are not nearly enough to speak on such topics. To the following. Thanks

  159. stiiizy eaze says:

    It’s remarkable designed for me to have a website, which is valuable in support of my know-how. thanks admin|

  160. web host says:

    I get pleasure from, result in I discovered just what I used to be having a look for.
    You’ve ended my 4 day long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day.
    Bye

  161. Hello! This post could not be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my old room mate! He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this article to him. Fairly certain he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!|

  162. cheap deals says:

    What’s up, I check your blog daily. Your writing style is awesome, keep it up!|

  163. Hi there, I want to subscribe for this web site to obtain most recent updates, so where can i do it please assist.|

  164. This is a topic which is close to my heart… Best wishes! Where are your contact details though?

  165. debelov says:

    You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this topic to be really something that I think I would never understand. It seems too complicated and extremely broad for me. I’m looking forward for your next post, I’ll try to get the hang of it!|

  166. Hello there! I simply want to offer a massive thumbs up for the wonderful info you have here on this post. I will be coming back to your blog for more soon.

  167. Amazing blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?
    A design like yours with a few simple adjustements would really make my blog stand out.
    Please let me know where you got your design. Thanks

  168. This is really interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger. I have joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your fantastic post. Also, I have shared your site in my social networks!|

  169. Hey! This is kind of off topic but I need some guidance from an established blog. Is it very difficult to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast. I’m thinking about creating my own but I’m not sure where to start. Do you have any points or suggestions? Thanks|

  170. After research a few of the article on your site currently, and I really like your method of blogging. I bookmarked it to my book marking web site listing and will certainly be inspecting back soon. Pls check out my internet site as well and also let me understand what you believe.

  171. It is appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I want to suggest you few interesting things or tips. Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article. I want to read more things about it!|

  172. I always used to study post in news papers but now as I am a user of internet therefore from now I am using net for content, thanks to web.|

  173. Wonderful items from you, man. I have remember your stuff prior to and you are simply extremely great. I actually like what you have received right here, certainly like what you’re saying and the best way through which you are saying it. You make it enjoyable and you continue to care for to keep it sensible. I cant wait to learn far more from you. That is actually a wonderful site.|

  174. There’s certainly a great deal to find out about this issue. I love all of the points you’ve made.|

  175. Google says:

    Everything is very open with a very clear clarification of the challenges. It was really informative. Your website is useful. Thanks for sharing!

  176. It?s difficult to discover educated people on this subject, however you seem like you understand what you?re speaking about! Many thanks

  177. There are absolutely a lot of details like that to think about. That is a wonderful point to raise. I supply the ideas over as general inspiration however plainly there are concerns like the one you raise where the most crucial thing will be working in honest good faith. I don?t know if finest techniques have arised around things like that, yet I make sure that your work is plainly identified as a fair game. Both kids and women feel the impact of just a moment?s enjoyment, for the remainder of their lives.

  178. Its like you read my mind! You appear to know so much about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you could do with some pics to drive the message home a little bit, but instead of that, this is great blog. A great read. I will certainly be back.|

  179. I’ve been surfing online more than three hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for me. Personally, if all web owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the internet will be a lot more useful than ever before.|

  180. An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a friend who has been conducting a little research on this. And he in fact ordered me dinner due to the fact that I stumbled upon it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending time to talk about this matter here on your web page.|

  181. Excellent post. I was checking continuously this weblog
    and I’m inspired! Very helpful info specially the last phase 🙂 I handle such information much.
    I was seeking this particular information for a long time.

    Thank you and best of luck.

  182. Can I just state what a relief to locate a person that in fact recognizes what theyre discussing on the internet. You absolutely recognize just how to bring a problem to light and also make it important. Even more individuals require to read this as well as understand this side of the story. I cant think youre not much more preferred because you definitely have the present.

  183. If you would like to get much from this post then you have to apply these techniques to your won weblog.|

  184. viagra heart says:

    You need to participate in a competition for one of the most effective blog sites on the internet. I will recommend this website!

  185. This page definitely has all of the info I wanted concerning this subject and didn’t know who to ask. |

  186. What’s up i am kavin, its my first time to commenting anywhere, when i read this post i thought i could also make comment due to this good post.|

  187. Great info. Lucky me I found your site by chance (stumbleupon). I’ve bookmarked it for later!|

  188. Benita Buff says:

    Easy to read and quite convincing. Thank you for writing this.

  189. You are so awesome! I don’t think I’ve read through a single thing like this before. So good to find another person with a few unique thoughts on this subject. Seriously.. many thanks for starting this up. This site is one thing that’s needed on the internet, someone with some originality!

  190. Remarkable! Its in fact remarkable post, I have got much clear idea about from this piece of writing.|

  191. After I initially commented I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now whenever a comment is added I receive 4 emails with the same comment. Perhaps there is a way you can remove me from that service? Many thanks!

  192. Stacey Luoto says:

    This article is pretty good, but I still don’t agree on some aspects.

  193. I’ll right away grab your rss feed as I can’t in finding your email subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Kindly allow me understand so that I could subscribe. Thanks.|

  194. I couldn’t refrain from commenting. Very well written!

  195. leggings says:

    Hi! Someone in my Facebook group shared this website with us so I came to take a look. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Excellent blog and amazing design.|

  196. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know so much about this, like you wrote the book in it or something.

    I think that you could do with some pics to drive the message home
    a little bit, but other than that, this is great blog.
    A fantastic read. I’ll definitely be back.

  197. Today, while I was at work, my cousin stole my iPad and tested to see if it can survive a 40 foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My iPad is now destroyed and she
    has 83 views. I know this is entirely off topic but I had to share it with someone!
    34pIoq5 cheap flights

  198. Hey there! I’ve been following your site for a long time now and finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from Humble Texas! Just wanted to say keep up the great work!|

  199. I blog frequently and I seriously appreciate your information. This great article has truly peaked my interest. I am going to book mark your blog and keep checking for new information about once per week. I subscribed to your Feed too.|

  200. Saved as a favorite, I really like your site!

  201. very easy to understand explanation. fits me perfectly. from now on I will be your fan

  202. sikis izle says:

    Hi there, after reading this awesome piece of writing i am also cheerful to share my familiarity here with mates.|

  203. extremely nice blog post, i certainly enjoy this web site, continue it

  204. masque ffp2 says:

    Hmm is anyone else having problems with the images on this blog loading? I’m trying to determine if its a problem on my end or if it’s the blog. Any feedback would be greatly appreciated.|

  205. You need to participate in a contest for one of the very best blogs online. I will certainly suggest this site!

  206. What’s Happening i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve found It absolutely
    helpful and it has aided me out loads. I am
    hoping to give a contribution & help different customers like its helped me.
    Great job.

  207. homepage says:

    Good day! I could have sworn I’ve visited this site before but after browsing through a few of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m definitely pleased I discovered it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back frequently!|

  208. Dahlia Knall says:

    Everyone loves it whenever people get together and share opinions. Great site, keep it up!

  209. It is the best time to make a few plans for the future and it’s time to be happy.

    I have learn this submit and if I may I desire to counsel you some interesting issues or advice.
    Maybe you could write subsequent articles referring to this
    article. I desire to learn even more issues approximately it!

  210. iowa cbd oil says:

    Your location is valueble for me. Many thanks !?

  211. My coder is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the costs. But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using WordPress on several websites for about a year and am nervous about switching to another platform. I have heard great things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can import all my wordpress posts into it? Any help would be really appreciated!|

  212. camel toe says:

    Greetings, I do believe your blog could possibly be having browser compatibility problems. Whenever I take a look at your web site in Safari, it looks fine however, when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping issues. I merely wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other than that, excellent site!|

  213. her response says:

    Youre so trendy! I do not intend Ive review anything like this before. So nice to locate someone with some original thoughts on this subject. realy thanks for beginning this up. this site is something that is required on the web, a person with a little originality. valuable job for bringing something new to the net!

  214. black mass says:

    What a material of un-ambiguity and preserveness of
    precious knowledge regarding unpredicted feelings.

  215. Minta Bisel says:

    Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you writing this article and the rest of the site is also really good.

  216. Hi, I think your web site might be having web browser compatibility problems. Whenever I look at your blog in Safari, it looks fine however, when opening in IE, it has some overlapping issues. I merely wanted to give you a quick heads up! Aside from that, wonderful site!|

  217. When I originally commented I clicked the -Alert me when new remarks are included- checkbox as well as currently each time a remark is added I get 4 e-mails with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove me from that service? Thanks!

  218. This can be an inspiration to many people. Very good job

  219. Click More says:

    This can be an inspiration to many people. Very good job

  220. Click Here says:

    This can be an inspiration to many people. Very good job

  221. Click Here says:

    very easy to understand explanation. fits me perfectly. from now on I will be your fan

  222. I?m pleased, I must say. Really hardly ever do I run into a blog site that?s both informative as well as entertaining, and also let me inform you, you have actually struck the nail on the head. Your suggestion is impressive; the concern is something that not nearly enough people are speaking intelligently around. I am really delighted that I came across this in my look for something relating to this.

  223. The paragraph is worth to examine. The clarity as well as structure that shines from this internet site post. Now-a-days blogs are used in each in addition to every field. The information that we recieve from them are unevitable. The attribute required is the power of creativity within itself through learning, thinking, creating along with rigorous learning. Therefore the internet site post is immensely helpful for the readers. Thank you a lot for writing form a magnificent editorial. I will wait for your next editorial with grand egarness.

  224. It?s tough to locate educated individuals on this topic, yet you sound like you recognize what you?re speaking about! Many thanks

  225. There are certainly a lot of information like that to consider. That is a terrific point to raise. I offer the thoughts above as basic motivation yet clearly there are inquiries like the one you bring up where one of the most important point will be working in truthful good faith. I don?t understand if best methods have arised around points like that, yet I make certain that your job is plainly determined as a level playing field. Both boys and girls really feel the influence of simply a moment?s enjoyment, for the remainder of their lives.

  226. Greetings! Very helpful advice in this particular article! It’s the little changes that will make the largest changes. Many thanks for sharing!

  227. A fascinating conversation deserves comment. I assume that you ought to create more on this subject, it might not be a frowned on topic however generally individuals are not enough to speak on such topics. To the next. Cheers

  228. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my site thus i came to ìreturn the favorî.I am trying to find things to improve my site!I suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!|

  229. Click Here says:

    I agree with your opinion. From now on I will always support you.

  230. you have an excellent blog below! would certainly you like to make some invite blog posts on my blog site?

  231. click says:

    Hi! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could locate a captcha plugin for my comment form? I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having trouble finding one? Thanks a lot!|

  232. Read This says:

    I am very interested when reading your article. Oh yes, I also made an article, please visit.

  233. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates. I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with something like this. Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.|

  234. gjjxShelf says:

    essaywriting service [url=https://essaywriterslop.com/]help with essay papers[/url] essays about community service essay writing service scam scholarship essay writing service

  235. P2P거래소 says:

    Thank you for making the trustworthy attempt to speak about this. I believe very robust approximately it and wish to read more. If it’s OK, as you achieve extra in depth wisdom, might you thoughts including extra articles very similar to this one with more information? It will be extraordinarily helpful and helpful for me and my friends.

  236. There is visibly a bundle to learn about this. I presume you ensured nice factors in features additionally.

  237. hyyhcrics says:

    viagra women [url=http://60lmentop.com/]buying viagra[/url] online order viagra buying viagra online viagra cheapest

  238. I blog frequently and I genuinely appreciate your content. The article has truly peaked my interest. I am going to book mark your blog and keep checking for new details about once per week. I subscribed to your Feed too.

  239. ggbkcrics says:

    low cost viagra [url=http://45menvia.com/]viagra canada[/url] cheapest viagra viagra without prescription viagra samples

  240. Aw, this was an actually great blog post. In suggestion I would love to put in writing like this in addition? taking time and actual initiative to make a very good article? however what can I say? I hesitate alot as well as by no means appear to obtain something done.

  241. Click More says:

    I agree with your opinion. From now on I will always support you.

  242. I’m truly enjoying the design and layout of your blog. It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more pleasant for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a developer to create your theme? Fantastic work!|

  243. clavior says:

    Fantastic post but I was wondering if you could write a litte more on this subject? I’d be very thankful if you could elaborate a little bit further. Thank you!|

  244. When I originally commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now whenever a comment is added I recieve four emails using the same comment. Can there be in whatever way you are able to get rid of me from that service? Thanks!

  245. multicheck says:

    hello there and thank you for your information – I’ve certainly picked up something new from right here. I did however expertise several technical issues using this website, since I experienced to reload the website lots of times previous to I could get it to load properly. I had been wondering if your web host is OK? Not that I am complaining, but slow loading instances times will sometimes affect your placement in google and can damage your high quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords. Well I’m adding this RSS to my e-mail and can look out for much more of your respective fascinating content. Make sure you update this again very soon.|

  246. I’ve been exploring for a little for any high-quality articles or weblog posts in this sort of area . Exploring in Yahoo I eventually stumbled upon this website. Studying this info So i am glad to convey that I have an incredibly good uncanny feeling I came upon just what I needed. I so much unquestionably will make certain to do not put out of your mind this website and give it a look on a continuing basis.|

  247. Thank you for the good writeup. It if truth be told used to be a enjoyment account it. Look advanced to far introduced agreeable from you! However, how can we keep in touch?|

  248. fertility clinics these days are very advanced and of course this can only mean higher success rates on birth’

  249. What’s Happening i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I have discovered It absolutely helpful and it has helped me out loads. I am hoping to give a contribution & help different customers like its aided me. Great job.|

  250. Hello there! Quick question that’s totally off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My blog looks weird when browsing from my iphone4. I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able to fix this issue. If you have any recommendations, please share. Thanks!|

  251. Greetings! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could locate a captcha plugin for my comment form? I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having problems finding one? Thanks a lot!|

  252. It’s truly very complex in this full of activity life to listen news on TV, thus I only use web for that purpose, and take the most recent news.|

  253. I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but your sites really nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your website to come back later on. All the best|

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.