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30 May Current Affairs

Agneeprastha

In News:

Foundation stone for a missile park called “Agneeprastha” was laid at INS Kalinga..

Details:

The Missile Park aims to provide information about the history of INS Kalinga. The main attraction of the park is the P-70 Ametist. It is an anti-ship missile that is launched under water. The Missile Park will also be a motivational arena for minds that are interested in missiles and missile technologies.

The missile park is to be dedicated to officers, sailors and other support staff that have served in support of INS Kalinga.

Solar Power Plant:

The Park is to operate on solar power. A 2 MW Solar Photo voltaic plant was commissioned at INS Kalinga as well.

The plant is a part of the National Solar Mission of GoI. It will aid the GoI to achieve its target of 100 GW of solar power by 2022.

INS Kalinga:

The INS Kalinga is an Indian Navy establishment that reports to the Eastern Naval Command. It is located in Vishakhapatnam.

Rozgar Setu Scheme

In News:

The Madhya Pradesh Government launched Rojgar Setu Yojana to help migrant workers. The scheme provides employment to the migrant workers.

Key Features of the Scheme:

The Rozgar Setu scheme will provide employment to migrant workers that have returned to their homes. The scheme is to conduct a complete survey on population of the state.

Along with the scheme, the Madhya Pradesh State Government is planning to implement Svamitva Scheme. The Swamitva scheme was launched by PM Modi during Panchayati Raj Day in 2020.

Svamitva Scheme:

The Svamitva Scheme was launched to map rural lands that are inhabited. The mapping is to be done using drones. Svamitva is Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas.

The scheme will help to provide integrated validation solution. The scheme will also help in revenue collection in rural areas.

The programme is currently being implemented in Karnataka, Haryana, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh.

US joins G7 partnership on Artificial Intelligence

In News:

The Leaders of Group of the seven wealthiest countries in the world had set up Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence.

Details:

The United States was not a part of the partnership initially. However, US is now joining the group to counter Chinese dominance in shaping international standards on surveillance and facial recognition at the United Nations.

The initiative to launch a global group on Artificial Intelligence was initiated by France and Canada.

US on the partnership:

The US initially objected G7 partnership on AI claiming that focusing too much on regulation of AI would hamper innovation. It is important for the US to join the partnership as there are several tech giants such as Google, Microsoft and Apple that contribute significant amount to the GDP of US. Also, the international standards set will affect these companies greatly. Therefore, it is important for the US to join the partnership.

G7:

The Group of 7 or G7 is an intergovernmental economic organization that consists of world’s largest economies such as France, Canada, Italy, Germany, Japan, UK and US. The group has more than 46% of global GDP.

GoI lifts ban on Paracetamol API exports

In News:

The Government of India lifted the ban on export of paracetamol Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients.

Details:

The removal of ban will now allow the export of pharmaceutical ingredients used for COVID-19 treatment. In order to achieve this, the GoI has amended Section 3 of Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) act, 1992.

The Impose of Ban:

The Government of India had earlier imposed export ban on over 26 pharma ingredients. This included paracetamol and hydroxychloroquine. This was done to avoid shortages inside the country during the outbreak of COVID-19. On April 6, 2020, the export ban on 24 APIs were lifted leaving out Paracetamol.

Supply of APIs to Europe:

India is to supply 1000 tonnes of API (Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients) to Europe. Europe is the largest buyer of Paracetamol from India. Europe alone imports more than 12,000 tonnes of paracetamol annually.

Paracetamol:

Paracetamol is a pain reliever. It was first made in 1877. It is placed in the Essential Medicine List of World Health Organization.

In 2018-19, India exported 5.8 billion USD worth paracetamol. The export of paracetamol in 2019-20 (till January 2020) was 5.41 billion USD.

Lok Sabha nominates 15 MPs as associate members of Delimitation Commission

In News:

The Lok Sabha Speaker has nominated 15 MPs from Jammu and Kashmir, Assam, Manipur, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh as “associate members” of the Delimitation Commission to assist the panel in redrawing parliamentary and assembly constituencies of the northeastern states and the union territory.

Details:

Members of Parliament and Legislative Assemblies of states, for which the Delimitation Commission is set up, are drawn in as associate members to help the panel in its task.

Background:

The government had on March 6 constituted the Delimitation Commission, to be headed by former Supreme Court judge Ranjana Prakash Desai, to redraw Lok Sabha and Assembly constituencies of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and the northeastern states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland.

The commission will delimit the constituencies of Jammu and Kashmir in accordance with the provisions of the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, and of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland in accordance with the provisions of the Delimitation Act, 2002.

What is Delimitation?

Delimitation literally means the process of fixing limits or boundaries of territorial constituencies in a state that has a legislative body.

 Who carries out the exercise?

Delimitation is undertaken by a highly powerful commission. They are formally known as Delimitation Commission or Boundary Commission.

These bodies are so powerful that its orders have the force of law and they cannot be challenged before any court.

Such commissions have been constituted at least four times in India — in 1952 under the Delimitation Commission Act, 1952; in 1963 under Delimitation Commission Act, 1962; in 1973 under Delimitation Act, 1972 and last in 2002 under Delimitation Act, 2002.

The commissions’ orders are enforced as per the date specified by the President of India. Copies of these orders are laid before the Lok Sabha or the concerned Legislative Assembly. No modifications are permitted.

Composition of the Commission:

According to the Delimitation Commission Act, 2002, the Delimitation Commission appointed by the Centre has to have three members: a serving or retired judge of the Supreme Court as the chairperson, and the Chief Election Commissioner or Election Commissioner nominated by the CEC and the State Election Commissioner as ex-officio members.

Why Delimitation?

  • To provide equal representation to equal segments of a population.
  • Fair division of geographical areasso that one political party doesn’t have an advantage over others in an election.
  • To follow the principle of “One Vote One Value”.

How delimitation is carried out?

Under Article 82, the Parliament enacts a Delimitation Act after every Census.

Under Article 170, States also get divided into territorial constituencies as per Delimitation Act after every Census.

Once the Act is in force, the Union government sets up a Delimitation Commission.

Finance Minister launched instant Aadhaar based E-KYC

In News:

The Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitaraman launched instant Aadhaar based E-KYC.

Details:

The facility will be available for PAN applicants that possess valid Aadhaar number. They should also have a mobile number registered with Aadhaar. The process of allotting PAN is paperless and is also free of cost.

Union Budget:

The instant Aadhaar based E-KYC was introduced by the Finance Minister in the Union Budget 2020-21. She announced that a system will be brought in that will instantly provide PAN without the requirement of filling up of application form.

About PAN:

PAN is Permanent Account Number. It is a 10-digit alpha numeric number that is issued by Income Tax Department. It enables income tax department to link the transaction of the person with the department. The transactions include TDS, TCS, tax payments, income returns, correspondence, specified transactions, etc.

It is now mandatory to provide PAN on return of income. Also, it was made mandatory to provide PAN for all challan payments since 2005.