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28 September Current Affairs
September 28, 2019
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27 September Current Affairs

ICGS Varaha

In News:

The ICGS Varaha was commissioned by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh at the Chennai port.


The ICGS Varaha is the fourth in the series of seven 98-m Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPV) of the Indian Coast Guard (ICG).

The ship has been designed and built indigenously by Larsen & Toubro (L&T) at its Katupalli ship building yard in Chennai.

It would be based at New Mangalore under the administrative and operational control of Commander Coast Guard region (west).

The name ‘Varaha’ is taken from Puranas, who was the third incarnation of Lord Vishnu which took the form of Boar to protect mother earth by carrying her out of the sea on his tusks.


It is fit with the latest navigation and communication equipment. It also has some of the most advanced sensors and machinery as well as a 33-millimetre (mm) gun.

The ship’s special features include the integrated Bridge System, Automated Power Management System and indigenously built Integrated Platform Management System and Halo Traversing System.

Exercise MALABAR

In News:

The 23rd edition of the Trilateral Maritime Exercise MALABAR, is scheduled between the navies of India, Japan and USA from 26 September to 4 October 2019 off the coast of Sasebo, Japan.


MALABAR 2019 would endeavor to further strengthen India – Japan – US Naval cooperation.

The Exercise would encompass conduct of operations in the surface, sub-surface and air domains, and focus on Anti-Submarine Warfare, Anti-Air and Anti-Surface Firings, Maritime Interdiction Operations (MIO) including tactical scenario based Exercise at Sea.

Background: Malabar exercise began in 1992 as a bilateral naval exercise between India and the U.S. With the inclusion of Japan in 2015, it was expanded into a trilateral format.

TB Harega Desh Jeetega Campaign

In News:

Union Minister for Health launched the new TB Harega Desh Jeetega Campaign, along with the National TB Prevalence Survey.

TB Harega Desh Jeetega Campaign:

The new TB campaign aims to improve and expand the reach of TB care services across the country, by 2022.

The three strong pillars of the campaign include clinical approach, public health component and active community participation.

Other supporting elements of the campaign comprise private sector engagement, patient support, and political and administrative commitment at all levels.

National TB Prevalence Survey:

The Union Health Minister also flagged off a van for the National TB Prevalence Survey.

In all, 25 such vans will be part of the prevalence survey, which will go to 625 clusters of the country and check for TB. This sample survey is to be completed by 2020.

This shall present national and state level data, which will be used as a policy tool for further interventions.

Sardar Patel National Unity Award

In News:

Government of India has instituted ‘Sardar Patel National Unity Award’ – Highest Civilian Award for contribution to Unity and Integrity of India. A notification instituting the Award was issued by Ministry of Home Affairs on 20th September, 2019.


Objective: The Award, in the name of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, is the highest civilian award in India in the field of contribution to the unity and integrity of India. It seeks to recognize contributions to promote the cause of national unity and integrity.

Award ceremony:

The award will be announced annually on the occasion of the National Unity Day, i.e. the birth anniversary of Sardar Patel on 31st October.

The Award shall be conferred by the President in a presentation ceremony along with the Padma award presentation ceremony held in Rashtrapati Bhawan.

Award Committee: An Award Committee would be constituted by the Prime Minister, which would include the Cabinet Secretary, Principal Secretary to the PM, Secretary to the President, Home Secretary as Members and three-four eminent persons selected by the PM.

Cash prize: The Award would consist of a medal and a citation. No monetary grant or cash award would be attached to this Award.


All citizens, without distinction of religion, race caste, gender, place of birth, age or occupation, and any institution/organization would be eligible for the Award.

Not more than three Awards would be given in a year. It would not be conferred posthumously except in very rare and highly deserving cases.

Nomination Process:

Any Indian national or institution or organization based in India would be able to nominate an individual for consideration for this Award.

Individuals may also nominate themselves.

State Governments, UT Administrations and Ministries of Government of India may also send nominations.

Economic Advisory Council

In News:

Government of India has reconstituted the Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister (EAC-PM) for a period of two years with effect from 26th September 2019.


Bibek Debroy and Ratan P. Watal will continue to be the Chairman and Member Secretary respectively of the reconstituted EAC-PM.

Apart from these two Full-Time Members, the EAC-PM will have two Part-Time Members. While Ashima Goel continues to be one of the Part-Time Members, Sajjid Chinoy has been made as another Part-time Member.

Private Security Agency Licensing Portal

In News:

The Union Home Ministry launched the Private Security Agency Licensing Portal at a National level.


This is a single-window system for issuing licenses to private security agencies.

The portal will be available in all official Indian languages in next 90 days and have a section so that people know whether the agency they want hire has valid license or not.

The online portal would be useful in ensuring transparency in licensing in this sector and would give a boost to its credibility. He said that with the online availability of credentials, it would become easier for an agency registered in one state to expand its operations in another state.


In News:

Union Ministry for Home Affairs launched the Emergency Response Support System (ERSS-112) and PRAKHAR street crime patrol van in Delhi.

Emergency Response Support System (ERSS-112):

The emergency response support system (ERSS-112) Is a helpline system which has been developed as a nationwide single emergency number for emergency services – police, fire, and ambulance. It will gradually phase out the other three emergency helpline numbers.

This single number for emergency services is similar to “112” in the European Union consisting of 28 member states and ‘’911’’ in the United States of America.

With this launch, Delhi becomes the 19th state/UT to have adopted ERSS-112. Initially, it was launched in Himachal Pradesh and Nagaland and was further extended to 16 other states.


PRAKHAR is a street crime patrol van, for patrolling at crime hot spot locations.

Prakhar vans are different from PCRs as these vans carry more firepower and are equipped with modern technology. Initially, one van will be deployed in each district in Delhi. Its strength will augment in due course with a target of 100 such vans for the city.

Quantum Supremacy

In News:

A scientific paper by Google has claimed that quantum processors have “reached the regime of quantum supremacy”.


Quantum supremacy, or “quantum advantage” is the point at which quantum computers can solve problems that are practically unsolvable for “classical” (non-quantum) computers to complete in any reasonable timeframe.

It is generally believed that at least 49 qubits are required to cross the quantum supremacy line.

Recent developments:

A Google research paper has claimed the feat, saying “their processor was able to perform a calculation in three minutes and 20 seconds that would take today’s most advanced classical computer, known as Summit (from IBM), approximately 10,000 years”.

In March 2018, Google unveiled its 72-qubit quantum computer chip Bristlecone, saying it was “cautiously optimistic that quantum supremacy can be achieved with Bristlecone”.

Not just Google but several tech giants like Microsoft, IBM and Intel have joined the race to build a scalable quantum computer. Earlier this week, IBM unveiled its quantum computer with 53 qubits.

Hurun India Rich List 2019

In News:

According to the Hurun India Rich List 2019, released by the Hurun Report India and IIFL Wealth, the richest Indian saw their average wealth decline by 11 per cent over the past year.

Key Findings:

The Hurun India Rich List 2019 has collected data on 953 individuals across 41 industries this year. The cut-off for inclusion was a minimum wealth of Rs 1,000 crore.

Reliance Industries’ Chairman Mukesh Ambani has topped the list of richest Indians for the eighth consecutive year, with a net worth of ₹3,80,700 crore.

London-based SP Hinduja & family, with assets worth ₹1,86,500 crore, retained the second rank in the list, followed by Wipro founder Azim Premji at the third place with a wealth of ₹1,17,100 crore.

The number of Indians having a net worth of more than ₹1,000 crore has grown to 953 this year from 831 in 2018; while, the number of billionaires in terms of US dollar has reduced to 138 from 141.

The combined wealth of top 25 in the list equates to 10 per cent of India’s GDP.

While the cumulative wealth for this year shows an increase of 2 per cent compared to last year, the average wealth shows a decline of 11 per cent. 344 individuals or more than a third of this year’s list witnessed wealth reduction.

National Water Mission Awards- 2019

In News:

Union Minister for Jal Shakti presented the National Water Mission Awards- 2019.


Presented by: The ‘National Water Mission Awards’ is an initiative of National Water Mission (NWM), Department of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, Ministry of Jal Shakti.

Objective of Awards: To recognize excellence in water conservation, efficient water use and sustainable water management practices.

Categories: The awards are given in ten categories defined under five goals of NWM.

Prize Money: The prize money for the awards is: (i) First – Rs. 2 lakh; (ii) Second – Rs. 1.5 lakh and (iii) Third – Rs. 1 lakh.