26 November Current Affairs
November 26, 2019
28 November Current Affairs
November 28, 2019
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27 November Current Affairs

The Arcadia Education Project

In News:

A floating school project in Bangladesh named ‘The Arcadia Education Project’ has won the Aga Khan Architecture Award.

About:

The ‘Arcadia Education Project’ in South Kanarchor of Bangladesh is an amphibious school designed by renowned architect of Bangladesh Saif Ul Haque.

The project involved construction of a school in an area which is under water during the monsoon months. The school which remains on the ground during dry season and floats on water when the area is submerged in water during monsoon.

The amphibious structure for school is built by utilising only the local material-bamboo, used tyres and steel drums for constructing the.

The Aga Khan Foundation lauded the project for its contribution to improve people’s lives, social and economic development, access to education in rural communities and global issues like rising water levels.

Aga Khan Award for Architecture:

The Aga Khan Award for Architecture is an architectural prize established by Aga Khan IV in 1977. The award is associated with the Aga Khan Trust for Culture (AKTC), an agency of the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN).

It is given every three years to projects that set new standards of excellence in architecture, planning practices, historic preservation and landscape architecture.

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967

In News:

The central government extended the ban on the Assam-based insurgent group National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 by five more years for its involvement in violent activities and for joining hands with anti-India forces.

About:

Bodos are the single largest tribal community in Assam, making up over 5-6 per cent of the state’s population. They have controlled large parts of Assam in the past.

The Bodo Accord was signed in 2003 which resulted in the establishment of a Bodoland Territorial Council under Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India.

The four districts in Assam — Kokrajhar, Baksa, Udalguri and Chirang — that constitute the Bodo Territorial Area District (BTAD), are home to several ethnic groups.

The Bodos have had a long history of separatist demands, marked by armed struggle. In December 2014, separatists killed more than 30 people in Kokrajhar and Sonitpur. In the 2012 Bodo-Muslim riots, hundreds were killed and almost 5 lakh were displaced.

Kaso Sakhi (Friend of Turtles)

In News:

Kaso Sakhi (Friend of Turtles), a self-help group from Biswanath Ghat, Assam has woven 36 ‘gamosa’ with images of endangered turtles to spread the message of conservation of rare freshwater turtles.

About:

This has been done under a project initiated by the Wildlife Conservation Society/Turtle Survival Alliance and funded by the Disney Wildlife Conservation Fund.

A part of the money from this gamosa would go to conservation of rare turtles such as the Assam Roofed Turtle (Panghshura sylhetensis).

Biswanath Ghat is located on the northern banks of the Brahmaputra, which flows through the Kaziranga National Park (KNP). Its high biodiversity led to the 401.5 sq km Biswanath Wildlife Division becoming a part of KNP.

Constitution Day

In News:

The yearlong nationwide activities on Constitution Day are being launched to mark the 70th anniversary of the adoption of the Indian Constitution by the Constituent Assembly, beginning November 26, 2019.

About:

The Constitution Day, also known as Samvidhan Divas, is observed annually on November 26 to mark the anniversary of the adoption of Indian Constitution on November 26, 1949 by the Constituent Assembly of India, which came into effect on 26 January 1950.

Background: The Government of India declared 26 November as Constitution Day in 2015 by a gazette notification. The year of 2015 was the 125th birth anniversary of Ambedkar, who played a key role in the drafting of the constitution. Previously this day was celebrated as National Law Day.

It is aimed at reiterating and reorienting the citizens towards the values and principles expressed in the Constitution and to create awareness of Fundamental Duties as enshrined in the Constitution.

Guru Ghasidas National Park to become Chhattisgarh’s 4th tiger reserve

In News:

Chhattisgarh government announced that the state is set to have Guru Ghasidas National Park in Kotiya district as its fourth ‘tiger reserve’.

Details:

This decision was taken in 11th meeting of Chhattisgarh State Wildlife Board chaired by Chief Minister Bhupesh Baghel. The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) had approved to declare Guru Ghasidas National Park as a tiger reserve in 2014.

Key Highlights of Meet :-

Emphasis was laid on increasing number of tigers in Chhattisgarh and their safety measures like radio collaring system for tiger safety as well as resettlement of more cheetahs from Barnavapara Sanctuary to Guru Ghasi Das National Park and Udanti-Sitanadi Tiger Reserve.

Drafting of action plans for conservation of wild buffalo (wild animal of Chhattisgarh), hill myna (state bird of Chhattisgarh) and vultures. At least 5 species of vultures are found in Achanakmar tiger reserve, Guru Ghasidas National Park and Mainpat in Surguja.

The decision was also taken to develop water sources for wild animals in the state’s forests, construction of large ponds in the forest villages and plantation of fruits and vegetables especially Narwali vegetables, plantation of bamboo and banana so that these wild animals won’t have to wander here and there for food and fodder.

Tiger Reserve in Chhattisgarh :

At present there are three tiger reserves in state:

1) Achanakmar Tiger Reserve in Bilaspur,

2) Udanti-Sitanadi Tiger Reserve in Gariaband and

3) Indravati Tiger Reserve in Bijapur district.

Lemru Elephant Reserve : During the meet a notification regarding the formation of Lemru Elephant Reserve was also made. It will come into existence soon by merging forest areas of Korba, Katghora, Dharamjigarh and Surguja forest divisions of Korba, Raigad and Surguja districts. The total area records to be of about 1995 sq-km.

International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women

In News:

Every year 25 November is observed as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women.

Details:

The official Theme for 2019 it is “Orange the World: Generation Equality Stands Against Rape“.

Objective: 

To raise awareness of the fact that women around the world are subject to rape, domestic violence and other forms of violence as well as to highlight scale and true nature of issue is more often hidden.

Why Orange the world?

For 2014, the official Theme framed by the UN Secretary-General’s campaign UniTE to End Violence against Women was ‘Orange your neighbourhood’.

For 2018, it was ‘Orange The World: #HearMeToo’ and

For 2019, it is ‘Orange The World : Generation Equality Stands Against Rape’.

There is a repetitive use of the colour, orange because according to the UN, Orange symbolizes a brighter future, free of violence.

The colour also serves as a means of demonstrating solidarity in the elimination of all forms of violence and it is therefore used as the symbolic colour for the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women.

Why this date?

Historically, the date 25 November is based on the date of 1960 assassination of 3 Mirabal sisters, political activists in the Dominican Republic.

The killings were ordered by then Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo (1930–1961).

In 1981, the Latin American activists and Caribbean Feminist Encuentros marked 25 November as a day to combat and raise awareness of violence against women more broadly. Later on 17 December 1999, the date received its official designation by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).

Since the UN and Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) have encouraged governments, international organizations and NGOs to organize activities to support day as an international observance.

PM Modi launches Fit India School grading system in schools across India

In News:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched the Fit India School grading system in schools across the country.

Details:

The grading will be in 3 categories.

During the launch PM Modi also appealed all schools to enroll in Fit India raking system to make it a mass movement and spread awareness.

He also urged students and teachers to participate in ‘Fit India Week’ to be organized by as many as 22,000 Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) schools across the country.

The initiative taken by CBSE will include fitness programme and indigenous games from every state and will be held in first week of December.

About Fit India School grading system:-

In Fit India Movement, schedules have been drawn for ranking schools in accordance with fitness and the schools that achieve this ranking will also be able to use Fit India logo and flag.

Ranking system:

Schools can declare themselves as fit by visiting the Fit India portal and the rankings will be assigned after survey. Fit India School rankings are divided into 3 categories-

  • Fit India Schools, which is the first level of ranking
  • Fit India School three star (3 star)
  • Fit India School five star (5 star)

However, the level of rankings will depend on how much importance a school gives towards inculcating fitness among its students as well as teachers.

Global Housing Technology Challenge

In News:

The Union Government has launched the Credit-linked Subsidy Services Awas Portal (CLAP) for Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Housing for All (Urban).

Details:

The portal was launched along with the signing of agreements between the Union Housing Affairs Ministry and state governments for the construction of LightHouse projects under GHTC-India.

Key features of the Global Housing Technology Challenge (GHTC) are:

GHTC aims to fast-track the construction of affordable housing and meet the target of constructing 1.2 crore houses by 2022.

GHTC focuses on identifying and mainstreaming proven demonstrable technologies for lighthouse projects and spotting potential future technologies for incubation and acceleration support through ASHA (Affordable Sustainable Housing Accelerators) — India.

Objectives:

To enable adoption of construction techniques for housing that are affordable and takes minimum time as less as three months instead of the conventional three years for construction.

Bring a paradigm shift in technology transition using large-scale construction under the PMAY-U as an opportunity to get the best available construction technologies across the globe.

About Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana Urban (PMAY-U):

It is being implemented by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA).

It seeks to address the housing requirement of urban poor including slum dwellers through following programme components:

  • In-situ Rehabilitation of existing slum dwellers using land as a resource through private participation.
  • Credit Linked Subsidy (Implemented as a Central Sector Scheme).
  • Affordable Housing in Partnership.
  • Subsidy for Beneficiary-led individual house construction/enhancement.

Why is it important?

Today, while developers in India’s metropolitan cities are sitting on lakhs of unsold residences costing upwards of ₹50 lakh, the country is estimated to have a shortage of nearly 20 million housing units needed by the rural and urban poor, at far lower price points of ₹5-15 lakh.

The PMAY aims to address this shortfall. With the increase in subsidised loan amount, the scheme is expected to cover a higher proportion of the urban poor.

The PMAY will hopefully incentivise India’s construction and realty sector to reduce its traditional obsession with affluent home buyers in the cities.

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