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27 June Current Affairs

Mobile Application ‘eBloodServices’ launched by Union Health Minister

In News:

As the COVID-19 pandemic has restricted activities and movement of people across the globe, one challenge that has emerged for all the States and as well as Central Government of India is in ensuring safe blood for the citizens who require regular blood donation for blood or bleeding disorders such as hemophilia, etc.

Details:

A mobile application named ‘eBloodServices’ was launched for the citizens of the national capital New Delhi by Dr. Harsh Vardhan (Union Health Minister). The mobile application is an initiative of the Indian Red Cross Society. Mobile blood collection units will be sent across all localities of New Delhi by the Indian Red Cross Society for conducting blood donation camps. This will help in ensuring no shortage of blood in the city.

Through the app, the government aims to end the worries of those who require regular blood by bringing transparency in the blood donation program. The mobile application will provide information about the availability of blood in blood banks in the city. A person will be able to place orders for four units of blood at a time.

The ‘eBloodServices’ mobile application is developed by the ERaktkosh team of Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC).

China annexes parts of Nepal by diverting the flow of Rivers that acted as Natural Boundary

In News:

A report prepared by Nepal’s Agricultural Ministry’s Survey Department has indicated that China has diverted the flow of rivers in certain areas of the Nepal-China border. These rivers act as a natural boundary between the two countries.

Details:

As per the report, in a total of 11 places where the Chinese have encroached the Nepalese territory, in 10 places China has diverted the flow of rivers for encroachment. In these 10 places, the total area of Nepalese land encroached by China is said to be around 33 hectares.

Highlights from the Report:

  • Humla District: Route of Bagdare Khola River and Karnali River are diverted. By this diversion, China has annexed 10 hectares of land under its Tibet Autonomous Region.
  • Rasuwa District: Routes of 3 rivers- Jambu Khola, Sinjen, and Bhurjuk are diverted. The total area of about 6 hectares annexed in this district.
  • Sindhupalchowk District: In this district, a total of 11 hectares of land has already been claimed by China as its own territory. This was done by diverting the route of Bhote Kosi and Kharane Khola rivers.
  • Sankhuwasabha District: Routes of 3 rivers- Arun, Sumjung, and Kam Khola are diverted. The total area annexed by China in this district is 9 hectares.

China have also annexed Nepalese Villages Rui and Teigha:

Another report that was published by media houses in Nepal claims that 2 villages in the northern part of the Gorkha district have been annexed by China. The name of the villages is Rui and Teigha. These villages are currently included in the map of Nepal (also included in the newly amended map of Nepal that was passed on 13th June). But as per the reports, the boundary pillars that demarcated as the border between the two countries have been removed.

Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps to set up Permanent Base in the Indian Ocean

In News:

The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps has announced that it will set up its permanent military base in the Indian ocean by March next year. The announcement was made by Alireza Tangsiri on 23rd June 2020. Alireza Tangsiri is the Navy Commander of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps.

Details:

The Navy Commander informed that the move of setting up a Permanent Base in the Indian Ocean is as per the instructions by Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. He further added that the move of setting up a permanent presence far away from the country in the waters was taken as a result of repeated harassment faced by Iranian Fishermen in the ocean from pirates and even encroachments made by foreign vessels in the Indian Ocean and the Sea of Oman.

Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps:

The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps was established on the order of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini (1st Supreme Leader of Iran). It is a branch of the Iranian Armed Forces. It was founded on 22nd April 1979 after the Iranian Revolution.

At present, the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps is designated as a terrorist organization by the United States, Saudi Arabia, and Bahrain.

World’s Longest Internet Shutdown in Myanmar enters 2nd year

In News:

The mobile internet services were shut down by the Myanmar Government in eight townships of the conflict-hit Rakhine State and in one township in Chin State. Between September 2019 to February 2020 the restrictions were lifted in 5 states but were again reinstated. In Maungdaw township of Rakhine State, the restrictions were lifted on 2nd May 2020. The internet services for the remaining townships will remain shut down till the 1st of August 2020, this was announced by the Ministry of Transportation and Communication of the Myanmar Government.

Background:

Since January 2019, the Myanmar Government has been engaged in battle with the Arakan Army (Rakhine Armed Group). This insurgent group is fighting for the independence of ethnic Rakhine Buddhists.

Rising Criticism for the Myanmar Government:

As lack of information would result in an underreported shortage of essential services from food, water to medical aid, etc. At a time of a global pandemic, suspension of internet services would have also made it difficult for the people living in these townships to get proper information about the safety standard protocols related to COVID-19.

The move of the Myanmar Government has continued to draw criticism from both the domestic as well as International Human Rights Organizations. As per Myanmar’s Telecommunication law’s Article 77, the Government can suspend the service during an emergency situation. Various Human Rights Organizations now call for the amendment of the Article as it is not in line with the international standards for freedom of expression.

Pakistan gets another extension on FATF Grey List despite failure to act against terror groups

In News:

During the 3rd & and the last Plenary and Working Groups Meeting of the Global anti-money laundering watchdog Financial Action Task Force (FATF) for the current FATF plenary year on 24th June 2020, Pakistan again managed to escape from entering the ‘Blacklist’ despite its continuing failure to act against terrorist organizations. The FATF plenary and Working Groups meeting was originally scheduled to be held in Beijing, China, but due to the COVID-19 global pandemic, it was conducted virtually through video conferencing.

Details:

Under the FATF Chairmanship of China, it was certain that Pakistan will be given another extension until the next FATF Plenary and Working Group meeting in October 2020.

Background:

Pakistan’s performance in implementing the 27-point action given by FATF during its Plenary Meeting in June 2018 was under review during the June 2020 Plenary meet.  Pakistan has given more than a year for implementing the 27-point action plan, but Islamabad failed to implement 22 out of the 27 action-points, this was informed during the FATF’s plenary meet in October 2019.

In October 2019 meeting, Pakistan was given an extension to implement all the remaining 22 action points by February 2020. In February 2020, Pakistan failed to implement 13 out of the total 27 action-points of the FATF, as a result of which another extension for four months until June 2020 Plenary Meet was granted.

Financial Action Task Force (FATF):

FATF was founded in 1989 as per the initiative taken by the G& countries for developing global policies that can combat money laundering and financing for terrorism activities. It is headquartered in Paris, France.

FATF plenary year begins in the month of July every year and ends in the month of June next year. Every year a total of 3 Plenary and Working group meetings of the FATF are conducted in the months of October, February, and June.

For the FATF year from 1st July 2019 to 30th June 2020, China has the Presidency of FATF. From 1st July 2020, Germany will take over the Presidency of FATF until 30th June 2021.

World’s First Yoga University outside India, Vivekananda Yoga University launched in Los Angeles

In News:

The world’s first Yoga University outside India was launched on 23rd June 2020 at United State’s Los Angeles city. The Yoga University has been named after Swami Vivekananda. The university will be known by the name- Vivekananda Yoga University.  The University was launched as a part of the commemorations for the 6th International Yoga Day.

Details:

The virtual launch event was organized at New York City’s Consulate General of India. V. Muraleedharan (Union Minister of State for External Affairs) and PP Chaudhary (Chairperson of the Standing Committee on External Affairs) jointly launched the Vivekananda Yoga University during the virtual event.

Programs based on the ancient traditional Indian practice of yoga will be offered at the university with a combination of scientific principles and modern research approaches. For offering yoga-based higher education programs, the approval and official recognition for the launch of the university was received in November 2019 from California’s Bureau of Private Post-secondary Education.

Chancellor of SVYASA- Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana (Deemed University at Bengaluru for the study of yoga), Dr. H R Nagendra will be the first Chairman of the Vivekananda Yoga University. SVYASA was founded in the year 2002, it is the first Yoga University of India and also of the World.

Faculties for the Vivekananda Yoga University have been recruited from SVYASA. The first day of classes for the fall 2020 semester of the University will commence on 24th August 2020. Online Master’s Program in Yoga (M.S Yoga) will also be offered by the University.

Indigenously Developed Torpedo Decoy System Inducted by Indian Navy

In News:

The Indian Navy has inducted an Indigenously developed Maareech capable Advanced Torpedo Decoy System on 26th June 2020. The induction has provided a huge boost to the Indian Navy’s Anti-Submarine Warfare Capabilities.

What is Torpedo Defence System?

A Torpedo is a self-propelled underwater missile that can be launched from a surface vessel, submarine, and airplane. During a Torpedo attack, the Torpedo Defence System helps in detecting a torpedo and further applying countermeasures that are required for the protection of the naval platform.

Trails with Prototype:

The prototype of the Anti-Torpedo Decoy System had successfully completed the trails. During the evaluation trials, the features demonstrated by the prototype has been as per the Qualification Requirements set by the Naval Staff.

Design and Development:

Naval Science & Technology Laboratory (NSTL) and Naval Physical & Oceanographic Laboratory (NPOL) are two laboratories of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). The Anti-Torpedo Decoy System has been designed and developed at these laboratories of DRDO.

Production:

The production of the Anti-Torpedo Decoy System will be undertaken by Bengaluru headquartered state-owned company Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL).

Boost to Make-in-India:

The successful induction of the Anti-Torpedo Decoy System has provided a massive boost to the Make-in-India initiative. The success of the Indigenously developed Defence Technology will act as a confidence-building measure for the entire domestic Defence Industry of the country, which further will help in building an AtmaNirbhar Bharat.

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