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26 September Current Affairs

Krishi Kisan App for Geo Tagging

In News:

Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare launched ‘Krishi Kisan App for Geo Tagging’ in New Delhi.

About:

The Krishi Kisan App will provide farmers the information of best demonstration of high-yielding crops and seeds in their nearby area.

Any farmer with high quality of crops can utilise this platform to demonstrate best practices of cultivation to other farmers so that this will help other farmers also to adopt these methods.

The App will also help in geo-tagging and geo-fencing of crop and give weather forecast message to farmers.

Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER)

In News:

The Union Minister of State for Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) inaugurated the Cane and Bamboo Technology Park at Burnihat, Assam.

About:

DoNER Minister inaugurated the Cane and Bamboo Technology Park-cum-Office Premises of Cane and Bamboo Technology Centre (CBTC) at Burnihat, Assam.

The Bamboo Technology Park has been developed to exclusively deal with Bamboo & Cane, catering to the needs of the industries, entrepreneurs, designers, crafts persons, rural people, teachers, policy makers, technicians and technologists.

A New Leadership Group

In News:

A new leadership group was announced at the UN Climate Action Summit to help guide the world’s heaviest greenhouse gas emitting industries toward the low-carbon economy.

About:

This new Leadership Group for Industry Transition is a global public-private effort to ensure heavy industries and mobility companies can find a workable pathway to deliver on the Paris Agreement.

This initiative was announced by India and Sweden together with Argentina, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, South Korea and the UK, as well as a group of companies including Dalmia Cement, DSM, Heathrow Airport, Mahindra Group etc.

This initiative will be supported by the World Economic Forum, the Energy Transitions Commission, Mission Innovation, Stockholm Environment Institute, and the European Climate Foundation among many others.

Significance:

Industry sector emissions, including those from hard-to-abate and energy-intensive sectors like steel, cement, aluminum, aviation and shipping are expected to be responsible for 15.7Gt by 2050.

The international collaboration between countries and industry groups is critical to establish workable policy frameworks and incentives, and to enable joint investment into low carbon infrastructure.

5th edition of India International Science Festival (IISF) 2019

In News:

The 5th edition of India International Science Festival (IISF) 2019 will be held at Kolkata from 5th to 8th November, 2019 with the theme RISEN India – Research, Innovation, and Science Empowering the Nation.

About:

Background: The IISF 2019 is the fifth edition since its inception in 2015. The first and second IISF were held in New Delhi, the third in Chennai and the fourth IISF was held in Lucknow.

Bodies involved: IISF is an annual event organised jointly by Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Earth Sciences in association with Vijnana Bharati (Vibha).

Objective:

It is a medium to encourage the young minds towards the field of science and to promote the networking of stakeholders working towards the propagation of science.

IISF is a festival to celebrate the achievements of India’s scientific and technological advancements with students, innovators, craftsmen, farmers, scientists and technocrats from India and abroad.

Camel Hospital

In News:

World’s first camel hospital at Dubai is set to expand its facilities by an additional 50 per cent in response to the increase in demand for its services.

About:

The camel hospital, built at an estimated cost of 40 million Dirhams, opened its doors in 2017 to meet the demand in the UAE for an advanced medical facility dedicated to treating camels.

Since its inception, the hospital has attracted the interest of not only local owners but also camel breeders from across the world.

Camels are an integral part of the United Arab Emirate’s heritage. Camels were a source of transport as well as food and milk in the region.

Pacific Small Islands Developing States (PSIDS)

In News:

PM Narendra Modi met leaders of the Pacific Small Islands Developing States (PSIDS) on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly session in New York.

Details:

He announced the allocation of 12 million US Dollar grant towards the implementation of high impact developmental projects in Pacific Island countries.

About Small Island developing states (SIDS):

What are they: Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are maritime countries that tend to share similar sustainable development challenges.

Location: These countries are across the globe in the Caribbean, the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans, and the Mediterranean and South China Sea.

Population: An estimated 60 million people live in small island developing States.

How many: The UN has never established any criteria to determine an official list of SIDS” but it maintains a shorter, unofficial list for analytical purposes. The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs lists 57 small island developing states.

Groupings: These are broken down into following three geographic regions, with each region having it’s own regional cooperation body.

Caribbean: The Caribbean Community

Pacific: The Pacific Islands Forum

Africa, Indian Ocean, Mediterranean and South China Sea (AIMS): The Indian Ocean Commission.

National Service Scheme

In News:

President of India presents National Service Scheme Awards.

About National Service Scheme (NSS):

  • It is a Central- Sector scheme.
  • Conducted by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports.
  • Launched in Gandhiji’s Centenary year in 1969.

Background: The University Grants Commission (UGC) headed by Dr. Radhakrishnan recommended introduction of national service in the academic institutions on a voluntary basis.

Aim: To develop healthy contacts between the students and teachers on the one hand and establishing a constructive linkage between the campus and the community on the other hand.

Motto of NSS: “Not Me But You”.

The broad objectives of NSS are to:

  • Understand the community in which they work.
  • Understand themselves in relation to their community.
  • Identify the needs and problems of the community and involve them in problem solving process.
  • Develop among themselves a sense of social and civic responsibility.
  • Utilize their knowledge in finding practical solution to individual and community problems.
  • Develop competence required for group living and sharing of responsibilities.
  • Gain skills in mobilizing community participation.
  • Acquire leadership qualities and democratic attitude.
  • Develop capacity to meet emergencies and natural disasters.
  • Practice national integration and social harmony.

Nature of Activities under NSS:

Briefly, the NSS volunteers work on issues of social relevance, which keep evolving in response to the needs of the community, through regular and special camping activities. Such issues include (i) literacy and education, (ii) health, family welfare and nutrition, (iii) environment conservation, (iv) social service programmes, (v) programmes for empowerment of women, (vi) programmes connected with economic development activities, (vii) rescue and relief during calamities, etc.

Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism (GIFCT)

In News:

Led by Presidents of New Zealand and France, the members of GIFCT recently met at the UN General Assembly to discuss the progress on the steps taken to implement Christchurch Call to Action.

About GIFCT:

Formally established in July 2017 as a group of companies, dedicated to disrupting terrorist abuse of members’ digital platforms.

The original Forum was led by a rotating chair drawn from the founding four companies—Facebook, Microsoft, Twitter and YouTube—and managed a program of knowledge-sharing, technical collaboration and shared research.

GIFCT as an independent organization was formally established in 2017.

GIFCT goals:

Improve the capacity of a broad range of technology companies, independently and collectively, to prevent and respond to abuse of their digital platforms by terrorists and violent extremists.

Enable multi-stakeholder engagement around terrorist and violent extremist misuse of the internet and encourage stakeholders to meet key commitments consistent with the GIFCT mission.

Encourage those dedicated to online civil dialogue and empower efforts to direct positive alternatives to the messages of terrorists and violent extremists.

Advance broad understanding of terrorist and violent extremist operations and their evolution, including the intersection of online and offline activities.

Christchurch Call to Action:

Launched during the “Online Extremism Summit” in Paris.

Launched jointly by India, France, New Zealand, Canada and several other countries.

The initiative outlines collective and voluntary commitments from governments and online service providers to address the issue of terrorist and violent extremist content online.

It calls for a free, open and secure internet to promote connectivity, enhance social inclusiveness and foster economic growth.

Background:

The ‘Christchurch call to action’ initiative has been named after the New Zealand city Christchurch, where over 50 people were killed and over 20 got injured in shootings at two mosques.

Need:

As internet is not resistant towards the abuse by terrorists and violent extremists, there is an urgent need of collective efforts to secure the internet from such terror groups. Recent Christchurch terror attacks were broadcasted online by terrorists. The broadcasting of such content online has severe impact on victims of such incident, on collective security and on people across the world.

The Christchurch attack stressed on the urgent call of action by the governments, civil society, online service providers, and social media companies to eliminate terrorist and extremist content online.

India Water Week-2019

In News:

6th India Water Week-2019 is being observed.

Details:

It is being organised in New Delhi between 24th and 28th September 2019.

Organized by the Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, the Ministry of Jal Shakti.

Theme: ‘Water Cooperation – Coping with 21st Century Challenges’.

Background:

Conceptualized and organized for the first time in 2012, the India Water Week is a regular forum where the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, Government of lndia discusses, talks, strategizes with eminent stakeholders through seminars, exhibitions and sessions to build public awareness, to get support to implement key strategies for conservation, preservation and optimum use of available water.

 

Vaidyaratnam P. S. Warrier

In News:

Vice President Shri Venkaiah Naidu inaugurated 150th birth anniversary celebrations of Vaidyaratnam P.S. Varier.

About Vaidyaratnam:

Vaidyaratnam P. S. Varier (1869–1944) was an Ayurvedic physician from Kerala, India.

He is well-regarded as the founder of Kottakkal Arya Vaidyasala, a major Ayurvedic treatment centre in Kerala.

He also wrote text books for students of Ayurveda. One of them, Ashtangasariram, won a certificate in 1932 from the National Organisation of Physicians.

He founded a drama troupe which was developed to be the famous Kathakali troupe, P.S.V. Natyasangham.

In 1933, in recognition of his services to humanity, P. S. Varier was conferred the title of ‘Vaidyaratna’ by His Excellency the Viceroy and Governor General of India.

 

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