25 April Current Affairs
April 25, 2019
27 April Current Affairs
April 27, 2019
Show all

26 April Current Affairs

World Immunization Week 2019

In News:

World Immunization Week is celebrated in the last week of April month.


The week aims to promote the use of vaccines to protect people against various diseases. Immunization is recognised as the most successful and cost-effective health invention, which saves millions of lives every year.

The theme for this year’s immunization week is – Protected Together: Vaccines Work! The week will also be celebrating Vaccine Heroes from around the world. Vaccine heroes are the people from parents, community members to innovators and health workers who help ensure that everyone is protected from diseases by getting vaccinated.

How does vaccination work?

Our immune system is composed of various types of cells. These cells defend us against invaders and remove the harmful pathogens. However, for that our immune system needs to recognise that an invader is dangerous. Vaccination works by teaching our immune system how to recognise new diseases. Vaccines stimulate our bodies to make antibodies against antigens of pathogens. It also teaches the immune system to remember the antigens that cause infection, which leads to a faster response to the same disease in the future.

In simple terms, vaccines work by exposing you to a safer version of a disease. While the body responds to the vaccine, it builds an adaptive immune system, which helps the body to fight off the actual infection in the future.

A vaccine has two parts:

A vaccine usually consists of two parts and is usually given through an injection. The first part is the antigen, which is a piece of disease one’s body must learn to recognise. The second part is the adjuvant, which sends a danger signal to the body and helps your immune system to respond strongly against the antigen. All this helps in developing your immunity.

National Housing Bank

In News:

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has sold its entire stakes in the National Bank for Agriculture & Rural Development (NABARD) and National Housing Bank. The decision to divest its entire stake was taken based on the recommendations of the second Narasimham Committee.


The government now holds a 100 per cent stake in both NHB and NABARD.

About NHB:

NHB is an All India Financial Institution (AIFl), set up in 1988, under the National Housing Bank Act, 1987.

It is an apex agency established to operate as a principal agency to promote housing finance institutions both at local and regional levels and to provide financial and other support incidental to such institutions and for matters connected therewith.


It is an apex development and specialized bank established on 12 July 1982 by an act by the parliament of India.

Its main focus is to uplift rural India by increasing the credit flow for elevation of agriculture & rural non farm sector.

It was established based on the recommendations of the Committee set up by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) under the chairmanship of Shri B. shivaraman.

It replaced the Agricultural Credit Department (ACD) and Rural Planning and Credit Cell (RPCC) of Reserve Bank of India, and Agricultural Refinance and Development Corporation (ARDC).

It has been accredited with “matters concerning policy, planning and operations in the field of credit for agriculture and other economic activities in rural areas in India”.

Global Talent Competitiveness Index

In News:

Global Talent Competitive Index (GTCI) for 2019 has been released.


GTCI, launched in 2013, is an annual benchmarking report that measures the ability of countries to compete for talent.

It is released by INSEAD business school in partnership with Tata Communications and Adecco Group.

The report measures levels of Global Talent Competitiveness by looking at 68 variables such as ease of hiring, gender earnings gap, and prevalence of training in firms.

Uniqueness of this year’s report:

This year’s report has a special focus on entrepreneurial talent – how it is being encouraged, nurtured and developed throughout the world and how this affects the relative competitiveness of different economies.

The report also reveals that cities rather than countries are developing stronger roles as talent hubs and will be crucial to reshaping the global talent scene.

India’s performance:

India remains the laggard in the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) region and was ranked 80.

It performs better than its lower-income peers when it comes to growing (48th) talent, primarily by virtue of the possibilities for Lifelong Learning (38th) and Access to Growth Opportunities (41st).

An above-average Business and Labour Landscape (38th) and Employability (34th) raise the scores of the pillars related to Enable (70th) and Vocational and Technical Skills (72nd) that are otherwise hampered by the remaining sub-pillars.

Notwithstanding the scope for improvement across the board, India’s biggest challenge is to improve its ability to Attract (95th) and Retain (96th) talent.

Above all, there is a need to address its poor level of Internal Openness (116th)—in particular with respect to weak gender equality and low tolerances towards minorities and immigrants—and its disappointing showing in Lifestyle indicators.

Global findings:

In this sixth edition, Switzerland continues to lead the 2019 Global Talent Competitiveness index, while Singapore and the United States come in second and third respectively.

Yemen has finished at the bottom of this year’s index at 125th, just below Congo (124th) and Burundi (123rd).

Source: The Hindu

DBT funds research to ‘cultivate’ meat in lab

In News:

The Department of Biotechnology has decided to fund the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) and the National Research Centre on Meat for research on cell-based meat.


Cell-based meat, also called clean meat or cultured meat, is nutritionally equivalent to conventional meat, and tastes, smells, looks and feels exactly the same. The only difference is in the way it is produced.

Rather than raising livestock and slaughtering them for meat, cell-based meat is produced through ‘cellular agriculture’, with animal cells being cultivated into meat.

Why It’s the Future?

Lab-grown meats beat the old-fashioned kind in two areas: They’re better for body and they’re better for the environment. Clean meats are grown in a sterile environment, meaning that you’ll avoid bacteria found in traditional meats. The environmental benefits might outweigh your personal benefit, though: As the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization notes, animals raised for food make up 14.5 percent of total carbon emissions across the globe.

According to one study, replacing livestock with lab-grown meats will cut down on the land needed by 99 percent, and the water needed by 90 percent. Granted, those savings are off-set by the energy needed to power the lab itself, but it’s still a net benefit. By shifting to lab-grown, you’ll save resources that will be increasingly in demand as the world’s population continues ticking upwards — by some estimates, demand for meat and seafood will double by 2050, reaching 1.2 trillion pounds.

Source: The Hindu

Illegal cultivation of Bt brinjal suspected in Haryana

In News:

Farmer groups have alleged that Bt brinjal, a genetically modified variety, is being cultivated illegally in Haryana.


India banned Bt brinjal in 2010. The debate around BT brinjal started in 2000 when Mahyco (Maharashtra Hybrid Seeds Co) came up with a GM brinjal. Seeds were exported to Bangladesh and Philippines in 2006, as the civil society resisted field trials in India.

In 2013, the cultivation of Br brinjal was taken up by the Bangladesh government with initially successful results. A few years down the line, however, the crops lost their resistance to pests.

Need of the hour- the GEAC should:

  • Visit the farms and conduct tests
  • Identify the source of seeds
  • Destroy GM crops
  • Compensate losses incurred by farmers
  • Penalise distributing companies
  • Form a mechanism to avoid such incidents in the future

What is a GM crop?

A GM or transgenic crop is a plant that has a novel combination of genetic material obtained through the use of modern biotechnology.

For example, a GM crop can contain a gene(s) that has been artificially inserted instead of the plant acquiring it through pollination. The resulting plant is said to be “genetically modified” although in reality all crops have been “genetically modified” from their original wild state by domestication, selection, and controlled breeding over long periods of time.

Do we need GM crops?

Yes and why?

  • Higher crop yields.
  • Reduced farm costs.
  • Increased farm profit.
  • Improvement in health and the environment.

No and why?

Lack of clarity: It is clear that the technology of genetic engineering is an evolving one and there is much, especially on its impact on human health and environment that is yet to be understood properly. The scientific community itself seems uncertain about this.

While there are many in this community who feel that the benefits outweigh the risks, others point to the irreversibility of this technology and uncontrollability of the Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) once introduced in the ecosystem. Hence, they advocate a precautionary approach towards any open release of GMOs.

Threat to domestic crops: One of the concerns raised strongly by those opposing GM crops in India is that many important crops like rice, brinjal, and mustard, among others, originated here, and introducing genetically modified versions of these crops could be a major threat to the vast number of domestic and wild varieties of these crops.

In fact, globally, there is a clear view that GM crops must not be introduced in centres of origin and diversity. India also has mega biodiversity hotspots like the Eastern Himalayas and the Western Ghats which are rich in biodiversity yet ecologically very sensitive. Hence it will only be prudent for us to be careful before we jump on to the bandwagon of any technology.

There is also a potential for pests to evolve resistance to the toxins produced by GM crops and the risk of these toxins affecting nontarget organisms. There is also the danger of unintentionally introducing allergens and other anti-nutrition factors in foods.

Source: Down to Earth

Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize

In News:

The Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize 2019 was awarded to author Rana Dasgupta for his 2010 novel “Solo”.


Solo is a tale of estrangement and the ultimate failure of material existence.

About the prize:

aims to revive poetry and books that can change lives.

An amount of $10,000, a Tagore statue and a certificate for contribution to literature will be given to the awardee.

Eligibility: Indian Poets, novelists and Playwrights writing in officially recognized languages or dialects of the Indian subcontinent, including English.

Investor Education and Protection Fund (IEPF)

In News:

The Investor Education and Protection Fund (IEPF) Authority has recovered deposits worth Rs 1,514 crore from Kolkata-based Peerless General Finance and Investment Company.

About Investor Education and Protection Fund Authority:

established by the central government under Section 125 of Companies Act 2013.

a statutory body under the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

The Secretary in the Ministry of Corporate Affairs is the Chairperson of IEPF.

The authority aims to administer the Investor Education and Protection Fund with the objective of promoting Investor’s Education, Awareness and Protection.

It is empowered to undertake various initiatives to fulfil its objectives through Investor Awareness Programmes and various other mediums like print, Electronic, Social Media and Community Radio.


  1. Do you have any video of that? I’d want to find out some additional information.|

  2. these g says:

    Hiya! I know this is kinda off topic but I’d figured I’d ask.
    Would you be interested in trading links or maybe guest writing
    a blog post or vice-versa? My site addresses a lot of the same topics as
    yours and I feel we could greatly benefit from each
    other. If you’re interested feel free to send me an email.

    I look forward to hearing from you! Superb blog by the way!

  3. It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d certainly donate to this superb blog!
    I suppose for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and adding your RSS feed
    to my Google account. I look forward to new updates and will share this website with my Facebook group.

    Talk soon!

  4. It is really a nice and helpful piece of information.
    I am satisfied that you simply shared this helpful information with us.
    Please keep us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  5. you’re in reality a good webmaster. The site loading speed is amazing.
    It kind of feels that you’re doing any unique trick. Furthermore,
    The contents are masterwork. you’ve done a magnificent activity on this subject!

  6. Erich Feser says:

    I simply want to say I am very new to weblog and truly enjoyed this blog site. Likely I’m want to bookmark your site . You amazingly come with really good posts. With thanks for sharing your blog.

  7. Thanks for sharing your ideas in this article. The other point is that each time a problem takes place with a laptop motherboard, people should not take the risk involving repairing the item themselves for if it is not done properly it can lead to permanent damage to the full laptop. It will always be safe just to approach a dealer of a laptop for your repair of motherboard. They’ve got technicians who’ve an skills in dealing with mobile computer motherboard problems and can make the right diagnosis and undertake repairs.

  8. Phoenix says:

    Greetings from Carolina! I’m bored to tears at work so I decided to check out your website on my iphone during lunch break. I enjoy the information you provide here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home. I’m shocked at how fast your blog loaded on my cell phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, fantastic blog!

  9. I’m really enjoying the design and layout of your blog. It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to create your theme? Excellent work!

  10. Hello! I just now would choose to supply a massive thumbs up for that great info you have here with this post. We are returning to your blog site to get more detailed soon.

  11. Google says:

    Can I simply say what a relief to discover somebody that really knows what they’re talking about on the internet. You certainly know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. A lot more people should look at this and understand this side of the story. I was surprised that you aren’t more popular given that you definitely have the gift.

  12. Thanks designed for sharing such a pleasant opinion, post is pleasant,
    thats why i have read it completely

  13. Wonderful blog! I found it while surfing around on Yahoo News.
    Do you have any tips on how to get listed in Yahoo News? I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get
    there! Many thanks

  14. cheapflights says:

    My programmer is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.

    I have always disliked the idea because of the costs. But he’s tryiong none the less.
    I’ve been using WordPress on several websites for about a year and am anxious about switching to another
    platform. I have heard great things about blogengine.net.
    Is there a way I can import all my wordpress posts into it?
    Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  15. Best view in the town !

  16. A bubble butt black woman in this action movie from Habib

  17. Love watching movies !

  18. Latasha says:

    I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was good. I don’t know who you are but certainly you’re going to a famous blogger if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

  19. Best view in the town !

  20. I like what you guys tend to be up too. This kind of clever work and coverage! Keep up the fantastic works guys I’ve added you guys to blogroll.

  21. Nice blog here! Additionally your web site lots up very fast!
    What host are you using? Can I am getting your affiliate link in your host?
    I wish my site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  22. Oh my goodness! Awesome article dude! Thank you, However I am
    going through difficulties with your RSS. I don’t know the reason why I
    am unable to subscribe to it. Is there anybody else having similar RSS issues?
    Anybody who knows the answer will you kindly respond?

  23. It’s truly very difficult in this active life to listen news on TV,
    thus I only use internet for that reason, and take the most recent news.

  24. webhosting says:

    Hi there! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to follow
    you if that would be ok. I’m absolutely enjoying your blog and look forward to new

  25. Fine way of explaining, and nice post to obtain facts about my presentation focus,
    which i am going to present in academy.

  26. website host says:

    I have read some good stuff here. Definitely worth bookmarking for revisiting.
    I surprise how a lot attempt you put to make one of these excellent informative website.

  27. Google says:

    Hello there! This blog post could not be written much better! Looking at this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He continually kept talking about this. I am going to forward this article to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!

  28. Yesterday, while I was at work, my cousin stole my apple ipad and tested to see if
    it can survive a forty foot drop, just so she can be
    a youtube sensation. My apple ipad is now destroyed and she has 83 views.
    I know this is totally off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  29. SAGAMING says:

    Your readers will be more likely to return if you do this.

  30. If some one wants expert view about blogging and site-building afterward i advise him/her to pay a
    quick visit this blog, Keep up the good work.

  31. It’s amazing in favor of me to have a web site, which is good designed for my knowledge.
    thanks admin 3gqLYTc cheap flights

  32. Why visitors still use to read news papers when in this technological world the whole thing is existing on net?

  33. It’s perfect time to make some plans for the future and it
    is time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if
    I could I wish to suggest you few interesting things or tips.

    Maybe you could write next articles referring
    to this article. I wish to read even more things about it!
    yynxznuh cheap flights

  34. Hey! I know this is sort of off-topic however I had to ask.
    Does managing a well-established website such as yours take a large amount of work?

    I’m brand new to writing a blog however I do write in my journal on a daily basis.
    I’d like to start a blog so I will be able to share my personal experience and feelings online.

    Please let me know if you have any kind of ideas or tips for new aspiring bloggers.


  35. Your lack of effort could cost the game, leaving you with the guilt of letting down the team.

  36. Don’t try to bribe your child into playing better with treats or push good playing ability with threat of punishment.

  37. Therefore, it’s vital that your conditioning keep you up to par in practice and making a good impression there, to avoid much bench time.

  38. Serious ankle sprains and broken bones can happen when playing in severe weather.

  39. Instead, they should be kicking with the side of the foot.

  40. Do you have any video of that? I’d love to find out some additional information.

  41. When you least expect it, something will open up on the field.

  42. It will increase accuracy as well as distance and could win the game.

  43. Joker says:

    Show them how to dribble the ball.

  44. If you are wanting to run a potentially profitable blog, you should ensure that your niche is one that is very marketable to others.

  45. The chin strap should always be snug and fastened when playing.

  46. So don’t play to this silly stereotype.

  47. If Autocorrect wants you to choose a certain word and you don’t want to choose that word, you don’t actually have to click the little X. You can tap anywhere else one the screen and the little suggestion will go away! This can be a lot quicker than trying to click the X

  48. หากท่านคือผู้หลงใหลในการเล่นคาสิโลออนไลน์และต้องการผ่อนคลาย ท่านสามารถสมัครสมาชิก สล็อตออนไลน์ ด้วยการล็อคอินเข้ามาเล่นได้อย่างง่ายดาย แถมภายในเว็บไซต์ของเรานั้นมีคาสิโนชั้นนำต่างๆ

  49. If you use Twitter as your only means of promoting your blog on social sites, then you should try using Facebook.

  50. Placing these links at the bottom of every page in a simple, easy-to-read font is a standard practice.

  51. มีทีมงานผู้เชี่ยวชาญคอยให้คำปรึกษาแก่ผู้ที่ดีตลอดทั้งวัน ทำให้ผู้เล่นเกิดความประทับใจในคาสิโนออนไลน์ Pussy888 จนต้องกลับมาเล่นซ้ำอยู่เสมอ

  52. If that is not an option for you, create links to videos that you have posted on YouTube, or another, similar site.

  53. Don’t just run, but run carrying weights.

  54. Make this area visible but be sure to ask them at some point to sign up.

  55. This makes them feel more engaged, which increases the odds that they’ll stick with you.

  56. If you learn how to take a hit, you will be able to absorb the impact and protect yourself from any injuries.

  57. Keep in mind that there is much to learn when it comes to blogging and there is new stuff always coming out, so be sure you try your best to keep up with the latest techniques so that you can achieve the level of success you desire.The Importance Of A Professional Website For Internet Marketing

  58. Remember the tips in this article to get the most from your blogging experience!Interested In Learning About Soccer? Read This

  59. Vegus says:

    Soccer is all about skill, practice and fun.

  60. Dribble down your neighborhood, in your yard, or in your home, alternating feet every time.

  61. 4.จากนั้นก็ทำการเลือกธนาคารออนไลน์ ใส่จำนวนเงินที่ต้องการฝากเข้าสู่ระบบ (เริ่มต้นที่ 250 บาท) และเข้าสู่การโอนเงินตามระบบของธนาคารออนไลน์ที่คุณมีบัญชีอยู่

  62. Whether paying in a little league, at school or with friends, it is an enjoyable hobby which, for some, even turns into a career.

  63. Try participating in some online group projects. Attempt to do some collaborative writing challenges online. Happy New Casino AllForBet can do things like guest blogging, or even writing some e-books. It can be a very productive learning experience. It’s also great for promotion and it can help Happy New Casino AllForBet experiment with various writing styles.

  64. The competition will improve, and so must you, no matter how great a player you already are.

  65. แจ็คพ็อตจากการเล่นสล็อตออนไลน์ ว่าเยอะแค่ไหน

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.