National Cancer Registry Programme Report, 2020
Why in News:
The Indian Council of Medical Research released “National Cancer Registry Programme Report”, 2020. According to the report, the number of cancer patients in India are to increase to 15.7 lakhs by 2025.
The report contains 5 years (2012-2016) data from the network of cancer registries working under the National Cancer Registry Programme (NCRP). Number of data points and network of registries under the programme have expanded greatly since the start of the programme in 1982. The present report has included data from 28 Population Based Cancer Registries (PBCRs) and 58 Hospital Based Cancer registries (HBCRs) in India based on its completion and veriication.
The report also says that by the end of 2020, there will be 13.9 lakh cancer patients in the country. The estimates of the report were made based on data retrieved from 58 hospital-based cancer registries and 28 population-based cancer registries made between 2012 and 2016.
Key points of the report:
Incidence of Cancer:
Among men, cancers of stomach, lung, mouth and esophagus were common. On the other hand, cancers of cervix and breast were common among women. The highest incidence of breast cancer was observed in Chennai, Hyderabad, Delhi and Bengaluru.
Treatment to cancer:
The report says that in India, a combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are the major treatments. The cancer of cervix is usually treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Lung and Stomach cancers are treated with systemic therapy.
The programme is being implemented by the Indian council of Medical Research. The main objective of the project is to get an overview of cancer patients spread all over the country. Also, it aims to calculate the estimates of cancer incidence in the country.
The programme is also called “Development of an Atlas of Cancer in India”. Such an atlas or report about the spread of cancer in India was first published in 2001-2002.
Union Cabinet approved National Recruitment Agency
The Union Cabinet approved to set up National Recruitment Agency. The agency is to conduct Common Eligibility Test for Public Sector Banks and Government Jobs.
The Common Eligibility Test (CET) is to be conducted for non-gazetted posts in public sector banks and central government. The score of CET is valid for three years. Candidates qualifying the test can apply for higher level of examination.
The step of setting up National Recruitment Agency is a revolutionary reform. This is because the agency is to bring in ease of recruitment and ease of selection. This in turn will ease the protocols the candidates have to follow to get selected to a Government job or a public sector bank.
With the Agency being approved, around 2.5 crore aspirants taking multiple and separate exams conducted by different recruiting agencies through more than 1.25 lakh government jobs advertised will now need to appear for a single online CET.
Currently, the exams for the public sectors banks and other agencies are conducted through IBPS, Staff Selection Commission (SSC) and Railway Recruitment Board.
Currently, there are more than 20 recruitment agencies in central government.
About National Recruitment Agency:
The National Recruitment Agency was first proposed in Union Budget 2020. The agency will provide great boon for economically deprived and also for youth in far flung areas, women candidates facing difficulties traveling to distant cities and stay.
The government of India is to provide special attention in creating infrastructure in 117 Aspirational Districts.
The Agency is to conduct the exam in multiple languages.
The Union Budget 2020-21 allocated Rs 1,517 crores for the National Recruitment Agency. It is to be undertaken for a period of three years. These funds are not a part of examination infrastructure to be set up in aspirational districts.
Need of CET:
Through the Common Eligibility Test, it will eliminate multiple tests and save precious time as well as resources. This will also be a big boost to transparency.
Further, it would be open for other agencies in the public as well as private domain to adopt it if they so choose.
Three Airports redevelopment approved
Why in News:
The Union Cabinet approved redevelopment of three airports in Jaipur, Thiruvananthapuram and Guwahati. The projects are to be developed by Adani Enterprises Limited.
The Union Cabinet approved to provide Rs 1,070 crores to handle the redevelopment projects. The three airports being developed are to be leased for operation, management and development in public-private partnership.
About Airport Authority of India (AAI):
The AAI was established under Airports Authority of India Act, 1994. An authority established under an act passed by Parliament of India is a statutory body. An authority established under the constitutional provisions is a constitutional body. Hence, Airport Authority of India is a statutory body.
The AAI is responsible to create, upgrade, maintain and manage civil aviation infrastructure in India. Today, the AAI is managing 137 airports in the country.
Airports Economic Regulatory Authority:
The authority was established under Airports Economic Regulatory Authority Act, 2008. The act was amended in 2019.
AERA regulates tariffs of aeronautical services. It monitors the performance of services and standards in these airports.
It is important to fast track the development of ai traffic. This is because, the air traffic in India is expected to grow at an average annual rate of 10%-11% till 2030-31.
Targets fixed by India in Aviation Sector:
India was the ninth largest civil aviation market in the world in 2017. The domestic air traffic contributed to 21.5%. In 2017, the domestic air traffic in India was 205 million. India intends to become the third largest civil aviation market by 2020. It has set the target of becoming largest civil aviation market by 2030.
Civil Aviation in India:
The passenger traffic in India is expected to increase to 421 million in 2020. The travel and tourism industry in India is to grow at 6.66%. Travel and Tourism is the major contributor to aviation growth. Therefore, it is essential to develop civil aviation sector to help in GDP growth of the country.
India attends World Conference of Speakers of Parliament
The Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla attended the fifth World Conference of Speakers of Parliament. The conference was organized by Parliament of Austria and Inter-Parliamentary Union, Geneva with the support of United Nations.
Parliamentary leadership for more effective multilateralism that delivers peace and sustainable development for the people and the planet
The third conference was held in 2010 in Geneva. It was held on “Parliament in a world crisis: Securing Global Democratic Accountability for the common good”.
The Union was established in 1889. The national parliaments of 178 countries are its members. It has a permanent observer status in United Nations. The IPU promotes institutional values, democratic governance. It also promotes working with parliamentarians to respond to the needs and aspirations of the people.
The IPU generates Global Parliamentary Report, It is jointly produced by IPU and United Nations Development Programme. The first report was published in 2012.
Parliamentary reforms in India:
In recent years, there are several ongoing debates regarding the declining standards of Indian Parliament. This was also highlighted in the 15 point reform charter provided by the Vice President Shri Venkaiah Naidu.