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22nd September Current Affairs

Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana launched

Key features of the scheme:

It is a scheme for focused and sustainable development of fisheries sector in the country.

20,050 crores has been sanctioned for its implementation during a period of 5 years from FY 2020-21 to FY 2024-25 in all States/Union Territories, as a part of AatmaNirbhar Bharat Package.

The scheme focuses on beneficiary-oriented activities in Marine, Inland fisheries and Aquaculture.

It seeks to adopt ‘Cluster or Area based approaches’.

Aims and targets of the scheme:

Enhance fish production by an additional 70 lakh tonne by 2024-25.

Increase fisheries export earnings to Rs.1,00,000 crore by 2024-25.

Double incomes of fishers and fish farmers.

Reduce post-harvest losses from 20-25% to about 10%.

Generate additional 55 lakhs direct and indirect gainful employment opportunities in fisheries sector and allied activities.

Uniqueness of the scheme:

While aiming to consolidate the achievements of  Blue Revolution Scheme, PMMSY envisages many new interventions such as fishing vessel insurance, support for new/up-gradation of fishing vessels/boats, Bio-toilets,  Aquaculture in saline/alkaline areas, Sagar Mitras, FFPOs/Cs,  Nucleus Breeding Centres, Fisheries and Aquaculture start-ups, Incubators, etc.

Other initiatives announced at the launch of PMMSY scheme:

Establishment of Fish Brood Bank at Sitamarhi.

Aquatic Disease Referral Laboratory at Kishanganj.

One-unit fish feed mill at Madhepura and two units of ‘Fish on Wheels’ assisted at Patna under Blue Revolution.

Comprehensive Fish Production Technology Centre at Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, Bihar.

Rashtriya Gokul Mission

PM recently inaugurated the following under Rashtriya Gokul Mission:

Semen Station with state of the art facilities in Purnea, Bihar.

IVF lab established at Animal Sciences University, Patna.

Sex sorted semen in artificial insemination by Baroni Milk Union in Begusarai district of Bihar.

What is Rashtriya Gokul Mission:

To conserve and develop indigenous bovine breeds, government launched ‘Rashtriya Gokul Mission’ in 2014 under the National Programme for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development (NPBBD).

What are the main objectives of the mission?

developmentt and conservation of indigenous breeds.

undertake breed improvement programme for indigenous cattle breeds so as to improve the genetic makeup and increase the stock.

enhance milk production and productivity.

upgrade nondescript cattle using elite indigenous breeds like Gir, Sahiwal, Rathi, Deoni, Tharparkar, Red Sindhi.

distribute disease free high genetic merit bulls for natural service.

How is the scheme implemented?

Implemented through the “State Implementing Agency (SIA viz Livestock Development Boards).

State Gauseva Ayogs will be given the mandate to sponsor proposals to the SIA’s (LDB’s) and monitor implementation of the sponsored proposal.

All Agencies having a role in indigenous cattle development will be the “Participating Agencies” like CFSPTI, CCBFs, ICAR, Universities, Colleges, NGO’s, Cooperative Societies and Gaushalas with best germplasm.

What are Gokul Grams?

Funds under the scheme will be allocated for the establishment of Integrated Indigenous Cattle Centres viz “Gokul Gram”.

Where they can be established? Gokul Grams will be established in: i) the native breeding tracts and ii) near metropolitan cities for housing the urban cattle.

Roles and responsibilities of Gokul Grams:

Act as Centres for development of Indigenous Breeds and a dependable source for supply of high genetic breeding stock to the farmers in the breeding tract.

They will be self sustaining and will generate economic resources from sale of A2 milk (A2 milkis cow’s milk that mostly lacks a form of β-casein proteins called A1 and instead has mostly the A2 form), organic manure, vermi-composting, urine distillates, and production of electricity from bio gas for in house consumption and sale of animal products.

They will also function as state of the art in situ training centre for Farmers, Breeders and MAITRI’s.

The Gokul Gram will maintain milch and unproductive animals in the ratio of 60:40 and will have the capacity to maintain about 1000 animals. Nutritional requirements of the animals will be provided in the Gokul Gram through in house fodder production.

Metropolitan Gokul Gram will focus on genetic upgradation of urban cattle.

Let virtual courts stay: law panel

In News:

Parliamentary Panel on Law and Justice has Submitted its report “Functioning of the Virtual Courts/ Courts Proceedings through Video-Conferencing”.

This is the first report to be presented by any parliamentary panel on the impact of the pandemic.

Key recommendations:

Continue virtual courts even in a post-COVID scenario.

Transfer of certain categories of cases, like cases pertaining to traffic challans or other petty offences, from regular court establishments to virtual courts will reduce the pendency of cases.

Infrastructure needs to be upgraded especially in district courts to implement this.

Ministry of Law and Justice and Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology should address data privacy and data security concerns while developing a new platform for India’s judicial system.

What are the challenges present?

The present infrastructure does not support virtual court proceedings.

Almost 50% lawyers, particularly in district courts, do not have any laptop or computer facility.

Many witnesses have said the virtual court hearings, especially during peak hours when many people log into the video-conferencing system, was subject to frequent crashes of the system and said entire proceedings can be vitiated by one glitch.

There were also concerns that virtual courts will compromise privacy of data as well as confidentiality of discussions and court proceedings (For instance, courts in the United States had to deal with Zoom bombing — an unwanted intrusion by hackers and internet trolls into a video conference call).

What are virtual courts?

Virtual Court is a concept aimed at eliminating presence of litigant or lawyer in the court and adjudication of the case online.

An e-court or Electronic Court means a location in which matters of law are adjudicated upon, in the presence of qualified Judge(s) and which has a well-developed technical infrastructure.

The eCourts Project:

It was conceptualized on the basis of the “National Policy and Action Plan for Implementation of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the Indian Judiciary – 2005” submitted by eCommittee, Supreme Court of India with a vision to transform the Indian Judiciary by ICT enablement of Courts.

The eCourts Mission Mode Project, is a Pan-India Project, monitored and funded by Department of Justice, Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India for the District Courts across the country.

As on date, 16845 district and subordinate courts have been IT enabled.

The project envisages:

To provide efficient & time-bound citizen centric services delivery as detailed in eCourt Project Litigant’s Charter.

To develop, install & implement decision support systems in courts.

To automate the processes to provide transparency in accessibility of information to its stakeholders.

To enhance judicial productivity, both qualitatively & quantitatively, to make the justice delivery system affordable, accessible, cost effective, predictable, reliable and transparent.