21st August Current Affairs
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22nd August Current Affairs

SC Judgment on PM CARES Funds

Why in News:

The Supreme Court of India articulated its judgment on PM-CARES reserves. As per the judgment, the summit court would not immediate the middle to move the commitments made under PM Cares Funds towards National Disaster Response Fund.


The PM Cares Funds was set up by the focal government as an open foundation trust with the point of managing crisis presented by COVID-19. A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) was documented at the Supreme Court by a NGO to look to move the PM CARES Funds to National Disaster Response Funds (NDRF).

The NDRF was made under Section 46 of Disaster Management Act, 2005.


The SC held that the associations are allowed to add to NDRF and there are no restriction to such commitments. The court articulated that as PM-CARES reserves was built up as an open magnanimous store, no heading can be given by the court to move the assets to NDRF.

What is the issue?

GoI had gotten COVID-19 pandemic under National Disaster Management Act, 2005. COVID-19 was announced “Informed Disaster”. This was principally to help the State Governments dealing with their assets and guide them in their counter measures towards COVID-19.

As per the PIL, the PM CARES support was set up disregarding Disaster Management Act. This is on the grounds that, according to the demonstration, the award made by the person towards a calamity ought to mandatorily credited to NDRF.

For what reason was COVID-19 pronounced a told calamity?

This was accomplished to give help to the states under SDRF (State Disaster Relief Funds). THE SDRF was set up under the Disaster Management Act, 2005. The Central Government under the demonstration will contribute 75% of the SDRF assignment. In any case, the assets can be utilized by the states just for debacles. Subsequently, COVID-19 was pronounced as a told catastrophe.

Global Solar Alliance to hold World Solar Technology Summit just because

Why in News:

The International Solar Alliance will hold World Solar Technology Summit just because on September 8, 2020. The highest point plans to bring the world researchers and architects together to deliver the difficulties to make vitality moderate.


With union being propelled as of late, one and a half years back, it is now executing ventures that are worth 1.4 billion USD. It is normal that the World Solar Bank is to be put in the ISA Assembly during the highest point. The bank would be of the size of 15 billion USD in next five years.

The highest point will grandstand cutting edge sun oriented advances.

Sunlight based Power in India:

As indicated by the Central Electricity Authority, the sun based force age in India remained at 35 GW by July 2020. India has set an eager objective of accomplishing 100 GW of sunlight based force by 2022.

Universal Solar Alliance:

It is a partnership of 121 nations that attempts to tap advantages of sun based power and advance clean vitality applications. It was started by India. The nations between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn are the principle individuals from the union. Different nations can appreciate the advantages from the coalition, be that as it may, can’t cast a ballot.

The ISA takes a shot at the accompanying destinations:

Key highlights of ISA:

ISA is independent from United Nations. Notwithstanding, it was proposed at the Paris Climate Change meeting held in 2015. The GOI has dispensed 5 sections of land of land to develop the base camp of ISA in Gurugram. Likewise, a whole of Rs 160 crores has been delivered to meet everyday repeating use and building foundation by 2022.


The first ISA gathering was held in 2018. The ISA has exceeded universal associations, for example, Multilateral Development Banks, United Nations, Development Finance Institutions, and so on.

CAMPA Funds to be utilized for Plantation drives and afforestation alone

Why in News:

Association Minister Prakash Javadekar held a gathering with 24 state woodland pastors. During the gathering, the clergyman declared that the CAMPA reserves will be utilized uniquely for estate drives and afforestation. Additionally, the woodland based devolution reserves are to be expanded from 7% to 10%.


CAMPA is Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority. The Minister has coordinated 80% of CAMPA assets towards afforestation and estate drives. The assets were utilized to pay rates to woodland authorities and framework securing.

During the gathering the accompanying activities of the Ministry were featured

CAMPA Funds:

The woodland lands will be redirected for non-timberland produce, for example, mining, development of dams and other formative exercises. The cash paid by the designers that flattened the timberland land is called Compensatory Afforestation Fund. These assets are overseen by CAMPA. They are additionally called CAMPA reserves

The foundation of CAMPA reserves were requested by Supreme Court in 2001. In 2006, CAMPA was built up to oversee Compensatory Afforestation Fund.

The assets under the CAMPA demonstration were to be utilized for

According to rules of CAMPA reserves, 90% of assets are to be given to the states and 10% is to be held by the inside.


India has an objective to make a carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tons of carbon dioxide by 2030. So as to accomplish the objective, it is basic to build afforestation and estate drives.

Nagar Van Scheme and CAMPA:

The plan was reported n World Environment Day (June 5), 2020. It intends to create 200 urban timberlands in the nation in the following five years. The funds of the plan are to be utilized for CAMPA.

Public Cyber Security Policy, 2020 soon

Why in News:

During his discourse at the 74th Independence Day festivities, PM Modi reported that GoI is to uncover another National Cyber Security Policy, 2020 soon. It imagines to make secure the internet in India and is to be prepared before the finish of 2020.


As of now, India is working under National Cyber Security Policy, 2013.The 2020 arrangement will run for a long time. With Chinese applications being prohibited as of now, the new strategy is relied upon to boycott more.

Digital Security in India:

There are 36 focal bodies in India to take care of digital issues in the nation. Each association has its own CERT (Computer Emergency Response Team) and a detailing structure. The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology has held hands with National Center of Excellence to quicken cybersecurity in India and make it an appealing objective to put resources into digital advancements.


There is a dire need in India to make sure about the advanced economy. Computerized Economy in India adds to 14% to 15% of its complete economy. This is relied upon to ascend to 20% by 2024. There is an earnest need in the nation to update digital security system.

In 2016, the banks declared that subtleties of 3.2 million check cards were spilled. In 2019, the Kudankulam atomic force plant was assaulted by a malware. In 2018, Cosmos Bank of Pune was assaulted by malware and the bank lost Rs 94 crores.


India needs to manufacture a solid National Cyber Security Strategy for the accompanying reasons

Consequently, there is a critical requirement for another refreshed National Cyber Security strategy.

India-Nepal agree to hasten India-aided Development Projects

Why in News:

India and Nepal agreed to speed up India-aided Development Projects. This is being done amidst China’s continuous efforts by China to draw Kathmandu into its sphere of influence by providing infrastructure projects and loans at low rates.


The discussions were held between Indian Ambassador to Nepal, Vinay Kwatra and his Nepalese counter part Shanker Das Bairagi. Also, the Indian and Nepalese prime ministers held a short discussion while the latter telephoned the former to wish him on India’s 74th Independence Day.

The discussions were the eighth round of talks under the India-Nepal Oversight Mechanism.

About the discussions:

The leaders discussed about the progress of development projects in the last one year. This included reconstruction of earthquake damaged houses in the districts of Gorkha, Nuwakot, operationalization of cross border petroleum pipeline (Motihari-Amlekhgunj), High Impact Community Development Projects, Integrated Check Post at Biratnagar.

The meeting also discussed about the Pancheshwar Multipurpose project, construction of Nepal Police Academy, power and transmission line construction project, Ramayana circuit for tourism, motorable bridges over Mahakali river.

The representatives of the countries also discussed road construction in Nepal’s Terai region, Arun III hydropower project, cross border railway connectivity and petroleum product pipelines.

India-Nepal Oversight Mechanism

It was set up in 2016 when PM Modi visited Nepal.


The relations between India and Nepal strained in 2015-16 due to new constitution of Nepal. This was because the new constitution did not provide with the same political rights to Madhesis. Tharus and Janjatis.


China has broadened its ties with Nepal lately. It promised a trans-Himalayan railroad link and also increased its air connectivity with Nepal. Also, China waived financial assistance of 500 million USD to Nepal. All these measures were announced when the Chinese President Xi Jing Ping visited Nepal in October 2019.

President Xi visited Nepal after his Informal Summit with PM Modi at Mahabalipuram, Chennai.