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21st November Current Affairs

New wage code bars bonus for those facing sex abuse charges

In News:

There is a Provision in the Code on Wages that says those indulging in sexual harassment of any form could run the risk of losing out on bonus dues from their employers.


The new Code is expected to become operational once the government notifies the rules.

Related provisions in the new wage code:

The new code includes ‘conviction for sexual harassment’ as a ground for denying bonus payouts to employees.

As per the extant law, bonus dues are barred only in case of employees dismissed for fraud, violent conduct and theft or sabotage.


The prospect of losing one’s benefits may make employees more careful of their conduct, and they should be made aware of this provision.

This serves as an additional deterrent apart from the Prevention of Sexual Harassment (PoSH) law of 2013.

 As per the PoSH law guidelines:

Firms are required to form an Internal Complaints Committee (ICC) to inquire into complaints.

The Committee is required to make recommendations to employers on the action required pursuant to its inquiry in such complaints.

If the ICC upholds a complaint, it could be construed as a conviction.

ICC has the powers to decide if someone is guilty and report it further to the police, though not all sexual harassment cases translate into a police case.

China gears up for ‘strategic period’

In News:

China’s ruling party-Communist Party of China (CPC)– sets long-term targets for boosting economy and military power.

Key targets announced:

It announced three goals to be achieved by 2025, 2027 and 2035:

Boosting domestic consumption and innovation.

A national security and defence modernisation plan ahead of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) centennial in 2027.

A ‘Vision 2035’ longer-term economic blueprint that calls for “big leaps” in economic strength and technological prowess.


The new economic blueprint would broadly push for China to double its GDP and current per capita GDP of $10,000 by 2035.

The plan is also to realise what it called “the unity of a rich country and a strong Army”.

It stressed the importance of informatisation and to “strengthen military training and war preparation”.

Draft model Act on land titles

In News:

The NITI Aayog has released the draft model Act and rules for states on conclusive land titling.

Objective: To reduce litigations and ease the land acquisition process for infrastructure projects.

Under The Model Act:

State governments will have the power to order for establishment, administration and management of a system of title registration of immovable properties.

The land dispute resolution officer and land title appellate tribunal are one-shot institutions which will fade away as the work reduces.

After three years of its notification, the register of title attains conclusivity without any external action.

Conclusive land titles are guaranteed by the state for correctness and entail provision for compensation by the state in case of any dispute.

Any person aggrieved may file an objection before the Title Registration Officer within three years from the date of such notification. Following this, the Title Registration Officer shall make an entry to that effect in Register of Titles and in the Register of Disputes and refer the case to the land dispute resolution officer.

A party aggrieved with an order of the land dispute resolution officer may file an appeal before the Land Titling Appellate Tribunal within 30 days of passing of such an order.

A special bench of High court shall be designated to deal with appeals against the orders passed by the Land Titling Appellate Tribunal.

Need for and significance of Conclusive Land titles:

Conclusive land titles are guaranteed by the state for their correctness and entail provision for compensation by the state in case of any disputes.

Conclusive land titling will facilitate easy access of credit to farmers and reduce a large number of land-related litigations.

It will also enable transparent real estate transactions and land acquisition for infrastructure development.

Guaranteed title systems have been developed and adopted in countries such as Australia, New Zealand, Singapore and the United Kingdom.

Typhoon Goni

In News:

Typhoon Rolly or Goni has hit Philippines.

Hurricanes, typhoons and cyclones: What’s the difference?

They are all the same thing: tropical storms. But they are known by different names in different locations.

In the North Atlantic Ocean and Northeast Pacific, they are called hurricanes.

But if the same type of disturbance takes place in the Northwest Pacific Ocean, it is known as a typhoon.

And in the South Pacific and Indian Ocean, cyclone is the correct term.

How storms form?

Air rises quickly when it is heated by warm sea water.

As the air cools down again it is pushed aside by more warm air rising below it.

This cycle causes strong winds. Over the sea, a tropical storm can whip up huge waves.

When these waves reach land they can flood large areas, including towns and cities.

Over land the strong winds can cause a lot of damage – they can flatten homes, knock over trees and even tip over cars.

What are the different parts of a cyclone’s structure?

The eye: The eye of the storm is the centre. It’s a relatively calm space. When the eye passes over an area, winds slow down and everything feels like it has cleared up. The part that comes after the eye usually inflicts the most damage.

The eyewall: This is where the most effective part of a cyclone rests. The eyewall houses extremely high wind speeds, causing damage to both lives and property. It is a ring of thunderstorms, and changes in the eye or the eyewall affects the storm’s intensity.

Rainbands: These are the outer parts of a cyclone where sudden bursts of rain happen. There can also be gaps betwen rainbands where no rain or wind occurs.

Minimum Requirements for Annual MBBS Admissions Regulations (2020)

In News:

Notified recently by the National Medical Commission (NMC).


It replaces the “Minimum Standard Requirements for Medical Colleges, 1999 of the erstwhile Medical Council of India (MCI).

Highlights of the new Regulation (Have a brief overview):

Applicable to all new medical colleges proposing to be established, and to the established medical colleges proposing to increase their annual MBBS intake from the academic year 2021-22.

The new Regulation has deleted the quantum of land required for setting up a medical college and its affiliated teaching hospitals.

Under the new Regulation, a well-equipped “Skills Laboratory” for training students is essential now.

It also defines a Medical Education Unit for training medical teachers in educational pedagogy.

Student counselling services has been mandated recognizing the increasing stress observed amongst medical students and residents in recent times.

The regulation now mandates the availability of a fully functional 300 bed multi-speciality hospital for at least 2 years at the time of application for establishing a new medical college (the earlier regulations did not specify the period of functionality).

Two new teaching departments have now become mandatory in all medical college hospitals for the training of undergraduate medical students. These include the Department of Emergency Medicine and the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

About the National Medical Commission:

The Centre has recently notified the 33-member NMC, which will be chaired for three years by Suresh Chandra Sharma.

Apart from the Chairman, the NMC will consist of 10 ex-officio members and 22 part-time members appointed by the Central government.

Functions of NMC:

  • laying down policies for regulating medical institutions and medical professionals.
  • assessing the requirements of human resources and infrastructure in healthcare.
  • ensuring compliance by the State Medical Councils with the regulations made under the Bill.
  • framing guidelines for determination of fee for up to 50% of the seats in the private medical institutions.