20 September Current Affairs
September 20, 2019
23 September Current Affairs
September 23, 2019
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21 September Current Affairs

Waste Management Accelerator

In News:

Union HRD Minister launched Waste Management Accelerator for Aspiring Women Entrepreneurs (WAWE Summit 2019).


Full Name: Waste Management Accelerators for Aspire Women Entrepreneurs (WAWE).

When: The WAWE Summit will be held in November-December 2019.

Bodies Involved: It will be jointly organized by All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and Institute of Waste Management (IIWM) at Jaipur.

What is it? It will be the largest gathering of young women students to promote entrepreneurship in waste management and providing alternatives to single use plastic carry bags.

Theme: Make your own bag – empowering women to take up income generation activity and entrepreneurship in waste management through making a business out of this record creating concept.

Company Law Committee

In News:

Government of India has constituted Company Law Committee for examining and making recommendations on various provisions and issues pertaining to implementation of the Companies Act, 2013 and the Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008.


Chairman: Injeti Srinivas, secretary of the corporate affairs ministry.

The terms of reference of the Committee are as follows:- 

Analyze whether any of the offences could be re-categorized as ‘civil wrongs’ along with measures to optimize the compliance requirements under the Companies Act, 2013 and concomitant measures to provide further Ease of Doing Business;

Examine the feasibility of introducing settlement mechanism, deferred prosecution agreement, etc., within the fold of the Companies Act, 2013;

Study the existing framework under the Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008 and suggest measures to plug the gaps;

Propose measures to further de-clog and improve the functioning of the NCLT; and

Suggest measures for removing any bottlenecks in the overall functioning of the statutory bodies like SFIO, IEPFA, NFRA, etc. under the Act.

Ramayan Festival

In News:

Union Minister for Home Affairs, Amit Shah presided as Chief Guest over the 5th International Ramayan Festival in New Delhi.


International Ramayan Festival is being organized for 5th year in row, during which 17 countries have participated with their artists and rendered their versions of Ramayan.

It has been organized by Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR).


In News:

Air-to-Air missile, ASTRA, has been successfully flight tested off the coast of Odisha. The missile was launched from Su-30 MKI as a part of User trials.


Astra is an active radar homing (ARH) beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile (BVRAAM).

It has been developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

It is capable of engaging targets at varying range i.e. short-range targets (up to 20 km) as well as long-range targets (up to 80–110 km).

It is the first indigenous air-to-air BVR missile.


In News:

Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) delivered the second Scorpene submarine ‘KHANDERI’ to the Indian Navy at an event held in Mumbai. It will be commissioned into the Indian Navy on September 28 at the Naval Dockyard by Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh.


The submarine ‘KHANDERI’ is named after the wide snouted Saw fish, a deadly sea predator of the great Indian Ocean.

The first Submarine Khanderi was commissioned into the Indian Navy in 1968 and decommissioned in 1989 after more than 20 years of service to the nation.

National Educational Alliance for Technology (NEAT)

In News:

Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has announced a new PPP Scheme, National Educational Alliance for Technology (NEAT) for using technology for better learning outcomes in Higher Education.


The objective of scheme is to use Artificial Intelligence to make learning more personalised and customised as per the requirements of the learner. MHRD would create and maintain a National NEAT platform that would provide one-stop access to these technological solutions.

MHRD proposes to launch and operationalise NEAT in November 2019.

Stakeholders involved:

AICTE would be the implementing agency for NEAT programme.

The scheme shall be administered under the guidance of an Apex Committee constituted by MHRD. MHRD would act as a facilitator to ensure that the solutions are freely available to a large number of economically backward students.

EdTech companies would be responsible for developing solutions and manage registration of learners through the NEAT portal. They would be free to charge fees as per their policy.

Functioning: EdTech companies would have to offer free coupons to the extent of 25% of the total registrations for their solution through NEAT portal. MHRD would distribute the free coupons for learning to the most socially/economically backward students.

‘Keeladi-An Urban Settlement of Sangam Age on the Banks of River Vaigai’

In News:

The Tamil Nadu Archaeology Department (TNAD) has stated that the cultural deposits unearthed during excavations at Keeladi in Sivaganga district, Tamil Nadu could be safely dated to a period between 6th century BCE and 1st century CE.


The report titled, ‘Keeladi-An Urban Settlement of Sangam Age on the Banks of River Vaigai’, was published by the TNAD.

Keeladi excavation site is a Sangam period residence located near the town of Keeladi in Sivagangai district, Tamil Nadu.

The new findings in the report placed the Keeladi artefacts about 300 years earlier than previously believed — 3rd century BCE.

The results from the fourth excavations suggested that the second urbanisation [the first being Indus] of the Vaigai plains happened in Tamil Nadu around 6th century BCE as it happened in the Gangetic plains.

The report also spelt the site as Keeladi as against the erstwhile widely used Keezhadi.

It said no object of worship was found at the site.

The recent findings pushed back the date of the Tamil-Brahmi script to another century, i.e., 6th century BCE.

Handbook on Fisheries Statistics – 2018

In News:

The Union Minister of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying released the “Handbook on Fisheries Statistics – 2018”.


The Handbook on Fisheries Statistics – 2018 has been published by the Department of Fisheries of Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying, Government of India.

It is the 13th edition which presents useful statistical information for various aspects of Fisheries sector. The last (12th edition of) Handbook was published in 2014.

Key findings:

India is currently world’s second largest producers of fish. It is also world number two in aquaculture production as well as in inland capture fisheries.

The total fish production of 12.59 million metric tonnes was registered during 2017-18 with a contribution of 8.90 million metric tonnes from inland sector and 3.69 million metric tonnes from marine sector.

The average growth in fish production during 2017-18 stands at 10.14% when compared to 2016-17 (11.43 million metric tonnes).

The percentage contribution of inland fish production in the total fish production of 29% during the year 1950-51 and has increased to 71% in the year 2017-18.

Andhra Pradesh has recorded the highest production of inland fish (34.50 lakh tones) where as Gujarat is the leading state in Marine fish (7.01 Lakh tonnes) in the country.

During 2017-18 the volume of fish and fish products exported was 13,77,243.70 tonnes worth Rs 45,106.90 crore.

The Fisheries sector is major source of livelihood for over 1.60 Crore people along with double the number in down and upstream.

Right To Privacy Under Article 21

In News:

The Kerala High Court held that the right to have access to the Internet is part of the fundamental right to education as well as the right to privacy under Article 21 of the Constitution.


It made the observation while ordering the principal of Sree Narayanaguru College, Kozhikode, to re-admit a student who had been expelled from the college hostel for using her mobile phone beyond the restricted hours.

Arguments by Court:

The Human Rights Council of the United Nations has found that the right of access to Internet is a fundamental freedom and a tool to ensure right to education.

The Supreme Court in the S. Rengarajan and others v. P. Jagjivan Ram (1989) case said that “ the fundamental freedom under Article 19(1)(a) can be reasonably restricted only for the purposes mentioned in Article 19(2) and the restriction must be justified on the anvil of necessity and not the quicksand of convenience or expediency.”

Enforcement of discipline hostel authorities shall not be by blocking the ways and means of the students to acquire knowledge.

College authorities as well as parents should be conscious of the fact that the students in a college hostel are adults capable of taking decisions as to how and when to study.

Mobile phones, once a luxury, have now become become “part and parcel of the day to day life and even to a stage that it is unavoidable to survive with dignity and freedom”, observed the Court.