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19 June Current Affairs

National Employment Policy

In News:

The Ministry of Labour is to fast track the National Employment Policy. The main idea of framing the National Employment Policy is to lay out a roadmap that will provide incentives for employment generation.


The policy will aim at absorbing additional 5 million workforce every year. Also, the policy will focus on formalizing 500 million workforce in the country. It will also ensure social security and job security for them.

The policy will frame a road map to provide incentives for employment generation. Also, the policy will focus on the challenges thrown by the COVID-19 crisis.


The National Employment Policy is to be framed focusing on twin objectives as follows:

  • To attract new enterprises and industries to generate employment opportunities
  • To improve the skill set of existing work force and make them employable. This will also help in India gearing up to attract companies from China to set up manufacturing units in India.

KVIC taps Indian Palm Industry

In News:

The Khadi and Village Industries Commission is to roll out a project to produce Palamgur and Neera. The initiative is to generate huge employment.


Neera is to be introduced as a substitute for soft drinks. This will create self employment opportunities to tribal. It was first launched in Maharashtra where there are more than 50 lakh palm trees.

About the initiative:

The KVIC distributed tools for making Palmgur and to extract Neera. The tools included axes, ropes and knives. The KVIC also provided a 7-day training programme to the local artisans. The initiative has been rolled out by the Ministry of MSME (Micro, small and Medium Enterprises).


Neera is extracted from the palm trees before sun rise. There are more than 10 crore palm trees in the country. However, due to lack of commercial market techniques, large scale Neera production has not commenced in the country.

Neera also has great export potential. Neera is consumed widely in countries such as Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Myanmar, Africa and Sri Lanka.

Arunachal Pradesh: New Fish Species Discovered

In News:

A new fish species called Schizothorax sikusirumensis has been discovered in Arunachal Pradesh.


The name of the species has been derived from the names of the rivers where the fish was found. They are River Sirum and River Siku.


The Schizothorax fish is found in western and southern China, Centra and Southern Asia. They are mainly found in lakes, streams, rivers and highland. There are more than 65 species that are recognized under this genus.

Fresh water fish:

The Fresh water fish are those that spend their life in water that has salinity less than 1.05%. Around 41.24% of the fishes known are fresh water fishes. The freshwater fishes are further classified as cold water, warm water and cool water fishes.

Salt water fish:

They are also called marine fish. The fishes that live in estuaries are also categorized as salt water fish. Estuaries are areas where the rivers and oceans meet.

Largest COVID-19 facility in Delhi

In News:

The Delhi Government is to convert the Radha Soami Spiritua Centre into a COVID-19 care facility. The centre is as large as 22 football fields.


The centre will the largest COVID-19 facility in the world. It will hold more than 200 halls with 10,000 beds. This is being done to ramp up the capacity of beds in the capital region.

What is the plan?

The Government of Delhi is planning to accommodate 50 patients in a hall. The halls are to get adequate lighting and fans. The halls will also be provided with coolers. Separate tents are to be constructed. It is to be ready for treatment of patients by June 30, 2020.

The centre will also have provisions for accommodation of doctors.


The number of COVID-19 cases suddenly increased suddenly with 44,688 cases. The Delhi Government will also start the Rapid Antigen Test to increase COVID-19 testing in the region. It is to be noted that the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) recently approved the test to increase the testing potential of the country.

Solar Eclipse in India

In News:

The Earth is to witness an annular solar eclipse on June 21, 2020. The eclipse is to be the deepest as the moon is to cover 98.8% of the sun.


There are four types of solar eclipses. They are partial solar eclipse, total solar eclipse, hybrid solar eclipse and annual solar eclipse.

  • Total Eclipse: The total eclipse occurs when the moon completely obscures the sun
  • Annular Eclipse: The eclipse that occurs when the sun and moon are in line with the earth. During this eclipse, the sun appears as a bright ring or an annulus.
  • Hybrid Eclipse: This type of eclipse shifts between total and annular eclipse
  • Partial Eclipse: This eclipse occurs when the sun and moon are not in line with the moon and the earth.


The eclipse to occur on June 21, 2020 will be visible in many parts of India. The eclipse is to continue for 6 hours. The eclipse is to be visible to states such as Rajasthan, Haryana and Uttarakhand. To the rest of the country, the eclipse is to be partial.

India-China clash at Galwan Valley

In News:

A violent clash broke out between the Indian and Chinese soldiers recently in the Galwan Valley of Ladakh region. Around 20 Indian soldiers were killed in the face-off.


The loss of 20 Army personnel on the Line of Actual Control is considered as the most violent face off between Indian Army and the Chinese troops in more than 5 decades.

What is the issue?

The Armies of India and China are currently engaged in standoff in Galwan valley, Pangong Tso, Demchok and Daulat Beg Oldie in Ladakh.

The stand off between the countries has increased in recent weeks as India is building a strategic road through the Galwan valley that is close to China. The road connects the region to an airstrip. This improves military access of India to the region.

External Affairs Minister:

The External Affairs Minister of India Shri S Jai Shankar held a telephonic conversation with his counterpart Wang Yi. The minister has conveyed the protest of the Indian Government over the stand-off in strongest terms.


The stand-off in the Galwan area was one of the biggest flashpoints in the 1962 war. China till date opposes to Indian constitutional provisions in the area. India, in 2019, abrogated Article 370 of the Constitution ending the special status to Jammu and Kashmir. China was one of the handful of countries that condemned the move. China even tried to raise the issue in the international forum including United Nations Security Council.

GoI establishes Khelo India State Centres of Excellence

In News:

The Ministry of Sports has launched Khelo India State Centres of Excellence. The centre aims to create robust sporting ecosystem in the country.


The Sports Ministry has identified state owned sports facilities in 8 states of India. The facilities are to be upgraded into Khelo India State Centres of Excellence. The funds for the sports centres are to be used for equipment, expert coaches, support staff and infrastructure through Khelo India Scheme.

About the centres:

The centres are to be developed into world class sporting facilities. The required infrastructure are to be identified by the states and Union Territories. Around 8 centres have been identified out of 15 proposals.


The Khelo India State Centre of Excellence is to be established to strengthen excellence of India in Olympics. The centre will help the athletes to train in their respective discipline.

The Centres:

The 8 centres established under the scheme are located in Arunachal Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka, Manipur, Nagaland, Odisha, Telangana, Mizoram.