15 December Current Affairs
December 15, 2018
18 December Current Affairs
December 18, 2018
Show all

17 December Current Affairs

Flight and Maritime Connectivity Rules, 2018

In News:

The government recently notified Flight and Maritime Connectivity Rules, 2018 thereby allowing phone calls and internet on flights and ship voyage within India’s territory.

The guidelines:

The in-flight and maritime connectivity (IFMC) can be provided by a valid telecom licence holder in India through domestic and foreign satellites having the permission of the Department of Space.

In case of using satellite system for providing IFMC, the telegraph message shall be passed through the satellite gateway earth station located within India and such satellite gateway earth stations shall be interconnected with the NLD (national long distance) or access service or ISP licensee’s network for further delivery of service.

The IFMC services will be activated once the aircraft attains a minimum height of 3,000 metres in Indian airspace to avoid interference with terrestrial mobile networks.

The IFMC licences will be granted against an annual fee of Re 1 for a period of 10 years and the permit holder will have to pay licence fees and spectrum charges based on revenue earned from providing services.

Source: The Hindu

Australia Recognizes West Jerusalem as Capital of Israel

In News:

Australia has recognized West Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. With this, Australia has become one of the few countries that officially recognize West Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.


Both Israel and the Palestinians claim Jerusalem as their Capital and this despite is not resolved yet.

United States President Donald Trump’s administration had also announced recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital on December 6, 2017.

The UN General Assembly passed a resolution in opposition to declare the US President Donald Trump’s declaration of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital “null and void”. India also supported the resolution, which was approved with a majority of 127-9 at the UN General Assembly calling for the US to withdraw its decision.

Source: The Hindu

High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE)

In News:

High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE)- A camera aboard Nasa’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) has captured the image of the InSight lander, which recently touched down on the Red Planet.

High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE):

The High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) will photograph hundreds of targeted swaths of Mars’ surface in unprecedented detail.

HiRISE operates in visible wavelengths, the same as human eyes, but with a telescopic lens that will produce images at resolutions never before seen in planetary exploration missions.

HiRISE also makes observations at near-infrared wavelengths to obtain information on the mineral groups present.

These new, high-resolution images will provide unprecedented views of layered materials, gullies, channels, and other science targets, as well as characterize possible future landing sites.

Source: The Hindu

India, Nepal, Bhutan plan joint task force to protect wildlife

In News:

The governments of India, Nepal and Bhutan are actively considering having a joint task force for allowing free movement of wildlife across political boundaries and checking smuggling of wildlife across the Kanchenjunga Landscape, a trans-boundary region spread across Nepal, India and Bhutan.


The developments comes up after forest officials and representatives of non-government organisation of the three countries visited parts of the landscape and later held a meeting at Siliguri in north Bengal earlier this month.

Need for a joint task force:

Setting up of a joint task force is a key requirement in the road map on achieving the objectives of free movement of wildlife and checking smuggling of wildlife.

According to the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), a regional knowledge development and learning centre, 1,118 sq km of riverine grassland and tree cover were lost in the landscape between 2000 and 2010. 74 % of the area was converted into rangeland and 26% to agricultural land.

Other than seven million people, the Kanchenjunga Landscape is also home to 169 species of mammals and 713 species of birds. Studies by the ICIMOD suggest that between 1986 and 2015, as many as 425 people were killed by elephants and 144 elephants were killed between 1958 and 2013.

Source: The Hindu

Information Fusion Centre (IFC) for the Indian Ocean Region (IOR)

In News:

The Navy will soon put into operation the Information Fusion Centre for Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR) to improve maritime security in the region.

About IFC- IOR:

The IFC-IOR is being established with the vision of strengthening maritime security in the region and beyond, by building a common coherent maritime situation picture and acting as a maritime information hub for the region.

The IFC has been established at the Navy’s Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC) in Gurugram, which is the single point centre linking all the coastal radar chains to generate a seamless real-time picture of the nearly 7,500-km coastline.

Through this Centre, information on “white shipping”, or commercial shipping, will be exchanged with countries in the region to improve maritime domain awareness in the Indian Ocean.


The IOR has a diverse set of littorals and island nations, each with their unique needs, aspirations, interest and values. Rise in maritime piracy in the region has had its impact worldwide, which shows how important these waters are to the nations and economies the world over.

Although concerted efforts by the navies and maritime security agencies over the last few years have significantly reduced this threat, other challenges persist.

Establishment of the IFR-IRO would ensure that the entire region is benefited by mutual collaboration and exchange of information and understanding the concerns and threats which are prevalent in the region.

The Indian Ocean is important for the following reasons:

It enjoys a privileged location at the crossroads of global trade, connecting the major engines of the international economy in the Northern Atlantic and Asia-Pacific. This is particularly important in an era in which global shipping has burgeoned.

Indian Ocean is also rich in natural resources. 40% of the world’s offshore oil production takes place in the Indian Ocean basin. Fishing in the Indian Ocean now accounts for almost 15% of the world’s total.

Mineral resources are equally important, with nodules containing nickel, cobalt, and iron, and massive sulphide deposits of manganese, copper, iron, zinc, silver, and gold present in sizeable quantities on the sea bed. Indian Ocean coastal sediments are also important sources of titanium, zirconium, tin, zinc, and copper. Additionally, various rare earth elements are present, even if their extraction is not always commercially feasible.

Source: The Hindu

Trans Regional Maritime Network (T-RMN)

In News:

India has signed the ascension agreement to the Trans Regional Maritime Network (T-RMN). The multilateral construct comprises of 30 countries and is steered by Italy.


India already has bilateral White Shipping Agreements with 36 countries.

About the Trans Regional Maritime Network (T-RMN):

The network facilitates information exchange on the movement of commercial traffic on the high seas.

The information is available primarily through the Automatic Identification System (AIS) fitted on merchant ships with more than 300 gross registered tonnage as mandated by the International Maritime Organisation.

The AIS information comprises name, MMSI number, position, course, speed, last port visited, destination and so on. This information can be picked up through various AIS sensors including coastal AIS chains and satellite based receivers.


Such multilateral agreements are necessitated due to the large traffic in the Indian Ocean which cannot be entirely monitored by any one nation.

This is a significant move as it will help the Indian Navy keep a watch over the vast Indian Ocean and boost maritime security of the country. India is part of several such agreements, which help the nations to coordinate and share information to keep tabs on suspicious activities and illegal trade across the oceans.

Source: The Hindu

PM inaugurated 175 Km of sewerage network in Prayagraj

In News:

National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) made its effort to reduce pollution in river Ganga when PM inaugurated projects in Prayagraj including 175 KM of sewerage network.


The project will now carry 7.8 Cr litres sewage water per day to existing STPs (Sewage Treatment Plants) at Salori, Kodra & Ponghat for treatment earlier ended up in Ganga.

National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG):

It was registered as a society on 12th August 2011 under the Societies Registration Act 1860.

It acted as implementation arm of National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA), constituted under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act (EPA), 1986.

The Act envisages five-tier structure at national, state and district level to take measures for prevention, control and abatement of environmental pollution in river Ganga and to ensure continuous adequate flow of water so as to rejuvenate the river Ganga as below:

National Ganga Council under the chairmanship of Hon’ble Prime Minister of India.

Empowered Task Force (ETF) on river Ganga under chairmanship of Hon’ble Union Minister of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.

National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG).

State Ganga Committees, and

District Ganga Committees in every specified district abutting river Ganga and its tributaries in the states.

Source: PIB

India’s first railway university

In News:

India’s first railway university has been opened in Vadodara– It is named as the National Rail and Transportation Institution (NRTI).

Key facts:

The Railway University will be first of its kind institution in the nation and the third in the world after Russia and China.

It will be a deemed university which will offer professional courses in technology and management of transportation networks.

National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA)

In News:

The National Tiger Conservation Authority’s (NTCA) has released a report tiger mortality in the country.


The NTCA maintains the official database of tiger mortality in the country, and compiles figures from reports sent by different States on the basis of recovery of bodies or seizure of body parts.

According to the records till December 15, 2018, there were 95 cases of tiger deaths in the country. Of this, 41 cases of tiger deaths outside tiger reserves have been reported.

Of them, 14 occurred in Maharashtra, which accounted for over 34% of all deaths outside tiger reserves in the country. A total of 19 tiger deaths were recorded in Maharashtra in 2018, so deaths outside tiger reserves comprise more than 70% of all tiger deaths in the State.

About NTCA:

The National Tiger Conservation Authority is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change constituted under enabling provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, as amended in 2006, for strengthening tiger conservation, as per powers and functions assigned to it under the said Act.

The functions of NTCA are as follows:

Ensuring normative standards in tiger reserve management

Preparation of reserve specific tiger conservation plan

Laying down annual/ audit report before Parliament

Instituting State level Steering Committees under the Chairmanship of Chief Minister and establishment of Tiger Conservation Foundation.

According approval for declaring new Tiger Reserves.

Vijay Diwas

In News:

India celebrated Vijay Diwas on 16th December 2018 marking the 47th anniversary of its victory over Pakistan in the 1971 war.

Key facts:

Vijay Diwas, also called as Victory Day, is celebrated on every 16th December in India. It marks the victory of Indian armed forces over Pakistan in the war of Independence of Bangladesh from Pakistan in 1971.

At the end of the 1971 war, the Pakistani Army unilaterally and unconditionally surrendered resulting in the independence of East Pakistan, which was called as Bangladesh.

Campaign launched to save the Great Indian Bustard from extinction

Wildlife organisations have got together to launch a campaign to save the Great Indian Bustard which in recent years has come under the critically endangered list. With the total global population of the Great Indian Bustard reaching and all time low at fewer than 150 individuals, this campaign is the need of the hour.

The wildlife organisations that have launched the campaign are The Corbett Foundation in collaboration with Conservation India and Sanctuary Nature Foundation.

The campaign aims at highlighting the overhead power transmission lines that result in the death of these low flying birds with a limited field of vision. This is the primary threat to the survival of the species especially in the Great Indian Bustard Habitat.

Significant threats to the GIB:

Reduction in the extent of undisturbed arid grassland habitat.

Degradation and disturbance in existing grassland habitat.

Lack of importance for natural grassland conservation in policy, law and PA network due to incorrect perception on ecological value vis-a-vis forests.

Lack of protection for many ‘lekking’ and nesting sites.

Lack of cooperation between different departments/stakeholders in GIB habitats.

Lack of awareness and support from local communities.

Livestock overgrazing and feral dogs.

Disturbance by photographers — there is now enough anecdotal evidence to show that photography of the species causes significant disturbance.

About the Great Indian Bustard:

Great Indian Bustard is listed in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection)Act, 1972, in the CMS Convention and in Appendix I of CITES, as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List.

It has also been identified as one of the species for the recovery programme under the Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.

Project Great Indian Bustard — state of Rajasthan — identifying and fencing off bustard breeding grounds in existing protected areas as well as provide secure breeding enclosures in areas outside protected areas.

Protected areas:

Desert National Park Sanctuary — Rajasthan.

Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary – Andhra Pradesh.

Karera Wildlife Sanctuary– Madhya Pradesh.


  1. best cbd oil says:

    Hi, I think your website could possibly be having internet browser compatibility issues. When I look at your web site in Safari, it looks fine however when opening in Internet Explorer, it’s got some overlapping issues. I merely wanted to give you a quick heads up! Besides that, fantastic website!|

  2. them g says:

    Currently it seems like BlogEngine is the best blogging platform
    out there right now. (from what I’ve read) Is that what you are using on your

  3. I blog quite often and I seriously thank you for your information. The article
    has truly peaked my interest. I am going to take a note of your site and keep checking
    for new information about once a week. I subscribed to your Feed too.

  4. Just want to say your article is as astounding. The clearness in your publish is simply spectacular and that i could suppose you’re an expert on this subject.
    Fine along with your permission let me to snatch your RSS feed to stay updated
    with forthcoming post. Thanks one million and please keep up the enjoyable work.

  5. I simply want to tell you that I am newbie to weblog and seriously liked your blog. Almost certainly I’m want to bookmark your blog post . You really come with wonderful writings. Bless you for revealing your web-site.

  6. extremely good post, i certainly enjoy this website, continue it

  7. Hello there! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading this post reminds me of my old room mate! He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this post to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Many thanks for sharing!

  8. I’m not sure why but this blog is loading incredibly slow for me. Is anyone else having this issue or is it a problem on my end? I’ll check back later on and see if the problem still exists.

  9. This could be the proper weblog for everyone who is really wants to be made aware of this topic. You recognize a great deal of its nearly difficult to argue together with you (not that I just would want…HaHa). You definitely put a new spin using a topic thats been revealed for years. Fantastic stuff, just wonderful!

  10. Oh my goodness! an incredible article guy. Thanks Nevertheless I am experiencing issue with ur rss. Don?t know why Incapable to register for it. Exists any individual obtaining the same rss problem? Any individual that recognizes kindly react. Thnkx

  11. Heya i am for the first time here. I found this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out much. I hope to give something back and help others like you helped me.

  12. Youre so amazing! I do not intend Ive review anything such as this before. So wonderful to find someone with some initial thoughts on this subject. realy thank you for beginning this up. this website is something that is required online, a person with a little creativity. useful job for bringing something new to the internet!

  13. An intriguing conversation is worth remark. I assume that you need to write much more on this subject, it might not be a taboo subject yet usually people are inadequate to speak on such topics. To the following. Cheers

  14. best hosting says:

    Great info. Lucky me I found your website by accident (stumbleupon).
    I’ve saved as a favorite for later!

  15. This actually addressed my issue, thanks!

  16. It?s tough to discover educated people on this subject, yet you sound like you know what you?re speaking about! Many thanks

  17. I am commonly to blogging as well as i actually value your web content. The write-up has really peaks my rate of interest. I am going to bookmark your website and also maintain checking for new information.

  18. Michell Byun says:

    I discovered your blog site on google and also inspect a few of your early blog posts. Remain to maintain the excellent operate. I just additional up your RSS feed to my MSN Information Viewers. Looking for onward to reading more from you later!?

  19. view it says:

    An excellent share, I simply offered this onto a coworker that was doing a little analysis on this. And also he as a matter of fact acquired me morning meal since I located it for him. smile. So let me rephrase that: Thnx for the treat! But yeah Thnkx for investing the moment to discuss this, I feel strongly concerning it and also love finding out more on this subject. Preferably, as you become experience, would certainly you mind updating your blog site with more information? It is very practical for me. Large thumb up for this article!

  20. I like the helpful information you provide in your articles.

    I’ll bookmark your weblog and check again here regularly.
    I’m quite certain I will learn lots of new stuff right here!
    Best of luck for the next!

  21. We are a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community.
    Your website provided us with valuable info to work on. You’ve done an impressive job and
    our entire community will be grateful to you.

  22. This is the right blog site for anyone who wants to discover this subject. You understand so much its practically hard to argue with you (not that I in fact would want?HaHa). You absolutely placed a new spin on a subject thats been written about for years. Wonderful stuff, just great!

  23. I am typically to blogging and also i actually value your web content. The article has truly peaks my rate of interest. I am mosting likely to bookmark your website and keep checking for new information.

  24. Google says:

    This blog was… how do I say it? Relevant!! Finally I’ve found something which helped me. Thank you!

  25. 안전토토 says:

    Best view in the town !

  26. Best view in the town !

  27. Love watching movies !

  28. Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well written article. I will make sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful information. Thanks for the post. I will certainly comeback.

  29. Best view in the town !

  30. Kolten Casey says:

    Lesbian MILFs in the shower from Deauxma

  31. Love watching movies !

  32. Best view in the town !

  33. home says:

    An excellent share, I simply offered this onto a coworker who was doing a little analysis on this. And he as a matter of fact acquired me morning meal due to the fact that I located it for him. smile. So let me rephrase that: Thnx for the treat! Yet yeah Thnkx for investing the time to discuss this, I feel strongly regarding it as well as like finding out more on this topic. Preferably, as you become know-how, would you mind upgrading your blog site with more details? It is highly helpful for me. Large thumb up for this post!

  34. Read This says:

    A fascinating conversation is worth remark. I assume that you need to create more on this topic, it could not be a frowned on subject however usually individuals are not enough to speak on such subjects. To the next. Cheers

  35. I got this site from my buddy who told me about this
    website and at the moment this time I am visiting this website and reading very informative articles at this time.

  36. Las Vegas says:

    I am curious to find out what blog platform you are working with? I’m having some small security problems with my latest website and I’d like to find something more safe. Do you have any recommendations?

  37. Las Vegas says:

    Hello just wanted to give you a quick heads up and let you know a few of the pictures aren’t loading correctly. I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different browsers and both show the same results.

  38. This design is steller! You certainly know how to keep a reader entertained. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Fantastic job. I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it. Too cool!

  39. web host says:

    You ought to be a part of a contest for one of the most useful sites
    on the internet. I most certainly will recommend this blog!

  40. you have a terrific blog here! would certainly you such as to make some welcome articles on my blog?

  41. Howdy! Someone in my Myspace group shared this site with us so I came to take a look.
    I’m definitely loving the information. I’m bookmarking and will
    be tweeting this to my followers! Terrific blog and terrific style and design.

  42. A remarkable share, I simply given this onto a coworker who was doing a little evaluation on this. As well as he as a matter of fact purchased me morning meal since I discovered it for him. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the reward! However yeah Thnkx for spending the time to discuss this, I really feel strongly concerning it and enjoy learning more on this topic. Ideally, as you end up being expertise, would you mind updating your blog site with more information? It is extremely useful for me. Huge thumb up for this article!

  43. Pretty! This was a really wonderful post. Many thanks for supplying this

  44. It?s difficult to discover knowledgeable people on this topic, but you sound like you know what you?re discussing! Many thanks

  45. This design is spectacular! You obviously know how to keep a reader amused.
    Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog
    (well, almost…HaHa!) Great job. I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more
    than that, how you presented it. Too cool!

  46. Wonderful message. I learn something extra difficult on various blog sites daily. It will certainly constantly be boosting to read material from various other writers and also practice a something from their store. I?d choose to use some with the content on my blog whether you don?t mind. Natually I?ll give you a link on your web blog. Many thanks for sharing.

  47. extremely wonderful article, i certainly enjoy this web site, keep on it

  48. Google says:

    Great information. Lucky me I discovered your website by chance (stumbleupon). I’ve saved it for later!

  49. Do you mind if I quote a couple of your posts as long as I provide credit and sources back to your blog?

    My blog site is in the exact same area of interest as
    yours and my users would genuinely benefit from some of the information you present here.
    Please let me know if this okay with you. Regards!

  50. Good soccer uniforms are part of any successful team.

  51. Learn how to receive a fast moving ball by developing soft receive footwork.

  52. Joker says:

    Keep all of these tips in mind and Happy New Casino AllForBet will be able to build a very popular blog. Remember what Happy New Casino AllForBet ‘ve learned here, and apply it to Happy New Casino Casino new blogging lifestyle.

  53. Many people learn best in a graphic format rather than in a written format.

  54. These are achieved by thrusting yourself in the air vertically as high as you possibly can.

  55. While these opportunities only happen occasionally, you must realize the importance of the scoring opportunity without having to continually try to create one.

  56. โรงเรียนแสงโสมมุ่งมั่นที่จะสร้างและพัฒนานักเรียนทุกคน ให้เป็นบุคคลที่มีคุณธรรม จริยธรรม มีสุขภาพกายและสุขภาพใจที่สมบูรณ์ มีความรู้เป็นเลิศทางวิชาการเต็มตามศักยภาพของนักเรียนทุกคน

  57. While you are going to need some ads to make some revenue, it is important that you do not over do it.

  58. Is Casino screen flipping driving you nuts? Stop the screen from moving by locking the orientation of the screen. You can do this by sliding the Casino app bar once to the right. There on the left-hand side is a lock button for your screen orientation. One click of that button and your screen will lock in whatever format it is currently in.

  59. SAGAME says:

    Analyze what you did wrong, and use your mistakes to improve your soccer skills.

  60. Surely you now feel much better with the acquired soccer knowledge from this article.

  61. This is especially true when it comes to soccer.

  62. Direct free kicks result from kicking another player, tripping another player, charging a player,jumping at a player, striking an opponent, pushing or tackling an opponent, holding an opponent, spitting on an opponent and handling the ball with your hands.

  63. 19 Unusual Holiday Gift Ideadd for Every Wine Lover

  64. Determining the best way to share your message means that you will have to make certain choices.

  65. Do not post a blog and move on. You will also want to square your hips and chest over the legs so they are all positioned the same.

  66. Thick socks are a good investment since they help prevent cramps and blisters.

  67. Pants can be purchased with pads built in or with pockets in them to slide the pads into them.

  68. Flexibility is just as important to a football player as body mass and speed.

  69. The chin strap should always be snug and fastened when playing.

  70. American football is very much a contact sport.

  71. There are definitely features that the Casino has that you weren’t aware of before reading this article. The truth is, there are still probably more that you don’t even know about. That is what is so great about the Casino, that there is a vast amount of technology available for it. So grab yours today, and be a part of this evolutionary history of cell phone development.

  72. website host says:

    hi!,I love your writing very so much! percentage
    we communicate extra approximately your post on AOL? I need a specialist
    in this area to solve my problem. Maybe that’s you!
    Having a look forward to peer you.

  73. People that share an interest in a particular subject usually have a number of other characteristics in common as well.

  74. If you are a beginner and you don’t know much about soccer, the best way to learn a bit more is to watch some players in action.

  75. Be prepared to have some successful days and some days that are failures.

  76. Never act selfish on the soccer field.

  77. When you think about where you will play ball, you should be cognizant of how well you can play.

  78. Vegus says:

    This can lead to real trouble, so parents, stay involved!

  79. irm dental says:

    At this time it sounds like Expression Engine is the top blogging platform out there right now. (from what I’ve read) Is that what you’re using on your blog?

  80. My partner and I absolutely love your blog and find most of your post’s to be just what I’m looking for. Does one offer guest writers to write content to suit your needs? I wouldn’t mind composing a post or elaborating on a lot of the subjects you write with regards to here. Again, awesome web log!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.