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16 June Current Affairs

Nature Index

In News:

The Nature Research, a division of the popular Springer Nature recently released Nature Index. India secured 12th rank in the index.


The countries that secured top 5 places in the index includes USA, China, Germany, UK and Japan. The top Indian Institutes that were rated high by the index include CSIR (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research) and IISc Bangalore. Also, three institutions found their places among top 30 Indian Institutions according to Nature Index 2020 ratings. They are

  • Indian Association for Cultivation of Science (IACS), Kolkata at the 7th position
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR) at 14th position
  • N Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Kolkata at 30th

About Nature Index:

The Nature Index is created based on the author affiliation database collected from research articles that are published in around 82 high-quality science journals. These indices are of high importance for the current scenario of COVID-19. This is because, they help to track the researches.

The Nature Index is updated monthly and also releases annual tables of country.

International Religious Freedom Report

In News:

The US Government recently released the International Religious Freedom Report, 2019. India has raised its concerns over the report. This was because the report alleged India with discrimination and attacks against religious minorities in the country.


  • The religious freedom conditions in India is experiencing downturn. The national Government of the country has used its majority in the parliament and has instituted national level policies that is violating religious freedom.
  • The report had also raised concerns over scrapping of special status of Jammu and Kashmir
  • It also criticized the Citizenship Amendment Act saying the act is a fast track to provide citizenship to non-Muslims from Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Pakistan.
  • The report also condemned cow slaughter laws, anti-conversion laws and mob-lynching.


According to the report, India has prohibited several internationally funded NGOs. They were prohibited from operating in India since 2010. This was implemented through the amendment of the FCRA (Foreign Contribution Regulation Act), 1976. Through the amendment, the GoI can shut any of the internationally funded NGO based on national interest.

India-ASEAN Youth Dialogue

In News:

The third India-ASEAN Youth Dialogue as held between June 8, 2020 and June 10, 2020. The dialogue was held in virtual mode.


During the dialogue, India and ASEAN enhanced cooperation constructively in skill development, youthful energy and education. These areas were identified as strategic partnership between the two countries at the dialogue. The leaders also acknowledged re-establishment of Nalanda University. The Nalanda University has been offering several scholarship programmes for the ASEAN students.

Why Youth?

India has the largest youth population in the world. Around 65% of its population are below the age of 35 years. There are more than 450 million people that are in the age group of 15 to 35 years. ASEAN has also been witnessing largest population with around 213 million youth.


The Dialogue also complemented the ongoing youth-centric initiatives. Around 2,500 ASEAN youths are engaged in student exchange programmes in India. This includes special courses for young ASEAN Diplomats, exchange programmes for young farmers, programmes for young parliamentarians and media exchange programmes.


ASEAN has been India’s utmost priority under its Act East Policy. There are 10 countries in ASEAN grouping. The organization focuses on military, education, socio-cultural integration, security. It was created in 1967 by 5 countries namely Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines and Thailand.

Jammu and Kashmir launch Poultry Policy 2020

In News:

The Government of Jammu and Kashmir recently launched the Poultry policy, 2020. The Government has provided operational guidelines under the policy to promote establishment of poultry units.


The Jammu and Kashmir Government has announced Rs 50 crores of subsidy per annum to establish broiler farms and its allied activities. The policy aims to generate employment in the territory.

About the Policy:

The policy is expected to reduce an annual bill of Rs 900 crores that is spent on importing poultry and its products outside the territory. The entrepreneurs, farmers, NGOs, cooperatives, Self Help Groups, Joint Liability Groups are eligible to avail the benefits under the scheme.

Commercial Farms:

For Commercial Broiler farms that holds rearing capacity of rearing more than 10,000 birds per unit are to be provided with incentive 30% of capital investment. The upper limit fixed to such incentives is Rs 50 lakhs.

COVID-19 and Child Labour Report by the United Nations

In News:

The International Labour Organization and the UNICEF have released a report on Child Labour. The report has been released under the title

Title: COVID-19 and Child Labour: A Time of Crisis, A Time to Act

Key Findings:

The report says that millions of children are to be pushed to child labour due to COVID-19 crisis. The report also says that the children already in laborious activities might end up working longer hours.


According to the report, COVID-19 will increase poverty that will eventually drive the increase in child labour. The report predicts that 1% increase in poverty will lead to 0.7% increase in child labour.

This is because, as poverty increases in a country, schools close and the social services decrease. This forces more children turn into work forces. Currently, temporary school closure is affecting more than 1 billion students spread in 130 countries.

This will also push children into hazardous and exploitative jobs. The Gender Inequalities may grow with girls becoming vulnerable to exploitation especially in domestic works and agriculture.

Migrant Workers:

Among all, the most vulnerable persons during COVID-19 are the migrant workers. They will face economic downturn.

“Ghar Ghar Nigrani”: Mobile Application launched by Punjab Government

In News:

The Punjab Government has launched “Ghar Ghar Nigrani” mobile application to undertake house to house surveillance to eliminate COVID-19 pandemic.


The mobile application was launched by the Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh. The application is to be used as a tool for early detection and testing of COVID-19 and prevent community spread.

What is the plan?

With the help of the application, the Punjab Government is to cover all the persons that are below the age of 30 years. The survey will cover persons that have influenza like illness. Currently the survey is conducted in 518 villages. The survey has found that 4.88% have been found to be hypertensive, 0.14% are having kidney disease, 0.64% are suffering from heart disease and 0.13% are suffering from cancer and another 0.13% are suffering from TB.

According to Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, the state has 2,887 COVID-19 cases. OF these 2,259 have been cured, migrated or discharged.

Panel formed by Delhi LG to advise Delhi Disaster Management Authority

In News:

The Lieutenant Governor of Delhi Anil Baijal has formed an Expert Advisory Committee to advise the Delhi Disaster Management Authority (DDMA).


The committee has been formed to address the challenges faced in Delhi and also ramp up medical infrastructure. The committee will also advice the DDMA to integrate measures of various agencies to effectively mitigate COVID-19. The Director General of ICMR, director of AIIMS are all part of the committee.

Disaster Management Authority:

The National Disaster Management Authority lays down guidelines to be followed by the State Authorities. The Disaster Management Act, 2005 provides detailed legal frameworks of the disaster management authority at national, state and district levels.

The State Disaster Management Authority is headed by the Chief Minister of the state. The SDMA lays down plans for the disaster management in the state. The State Executive committee that operates under the Chief Secretary of the state coordinates and monitors implementation of national policy, national plan and state plan.

In Delhi:

Under Section 14 of Disaster Management Act, 2005, the Lieutenant Governor of Delhi is the Chairperson of Delhi Disaster Management Authority and the CM of Delhi is the Vice-Chairperson of the authority.