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13th June Current Affairs

National e-Vidhan Application (NeVA) Project

(GS-II: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation)

In News:

A delegation of MLAs from Gujarat recently visited the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, to learn about the novel e-Vidhan system for paperless proceedings that has been recently adopted by the UP state assembly.

What is e-Vidhan?

It is a Mission Mode Project (MMP) under the Digital India Programme.

The Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs (MoPA) is the ‘Nodal Ministry’ for its implementation in all the 31 States/UTs with Legislatures.

The funding for e-Vidhan is provided by the MoPA and technical support by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MietY).

The funding of NeVA is through Central Sponsored Schemee. 60:40; and 90:10 for North East & hilly States and 100% for UTs.

Aim of the project: To bring all the legislatures of the country together, in one platform thereby creating a massive data depository without having the complexity of multiple applications.

Key features:

Paperless Assembly or e-Assembly is a concept involving electronic means to facilitate the work of Assembly.

It enables automation of entire law making process, tracking of decisions and documents, sharing of information.

Through the cloud technology (Meghraj), data deployed can be accessed anywhere at any time.

Himachal Pradesh is already the first Digital Legislature of the country.

State Government’s Role in the implementation of e-Vidhan:

The State Government will appoint a Secretary level officer to be designated as the nodal officer/representative for e-Vidhan implementation in the State Legislature(s).

State Government will bear the funds required for running of e-Vidhan MMP after 3 years.

The State Government will ensure capacity building for the effective implementation of e-Vidhan MMP module.

The State Government/Legislature will undertake maintenance and replacement of ICT equipment after 3 years.

Child Labour Day

(GS-II: Protection of the vulnerable sections of the society)

In News:

The United Nations observes June 12 each year as the ‘World Day Against Child Labour’ to bring attention to the evil practices of child labour across the world.

Details:

The International Labour Organisation launched this day in 2002 to tackle this global issue against child labour.

Theme: “Universal Social Protection to End Child Labour”.

UN report on Child Labour:

160 million children are still engaged in child labour – some as young as five.

At the beginning of 2020, one in ten children aged five and over were involved in child labour worldwide.

The number of children in child labour declined by 85.5 million between 2000 and 2020 i.e from 16% to 9.6%.

At the global level, national expenditure on social protection for children amounts to only 1.1% of GDP.

Africa is the region with the largest share of children in the population.

ILO Conventions on the issue:

The ILO Convention No. 182, which deals with the worst forms of child labour as well as ILO Convention No. 138, that deals with the minimum age for employment, are the two main global conventions on the issue.

Indian Constitution provisions in this regard:

Article 21(A) and Article 45 – The child has the right to Education i.e. the state shall provide compulsory and free education to the children of the age six to 14 years.

Article 24 – There is a provision under which a child below the age of 14 years cannot be employed in any mine, factory or hazardous workplace.

Article 39(f) – The child’s youth and childhood are to be protected against moral and material abandonment and exploitation.

Government measures undertaken to eradicate child labour in India:

Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act(1986) to prohibit the engagement of children in certain employments and to regulate the conditions of work of children in certain other employments.

Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016: The Amendment Act completely prohibits the employment of children below 14 years.

National Policy on Child Labour (1987), with a focus more on rehabilitation of children working in hazardous occupations and processes, rather than on prevention.

Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act2000 and amendment of the JJ Act in 2006: includes the working child in the category of children in need of care and protection, without any limitation of age or type of occupation.

Pencil: The government has launched a dedicated platform viz. pencil.gov.in to ensure effective enforcement of child labour laws and end child labour.

The Right to Education Act 2009 has made it mandatory for the state to ensure that all children aged six to 14 years are in school and receive free education.

Sant Tukaram

(GS-I: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times)

In News:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the Sant Tukaram Shila Mandir in the temple town of Dehu in Pune district.

About Sant Tukaram:

He was the contemporary of Shivaji.

He is considered as the greatest Maratha Bhakthi reformer.

He made the Vithoba cult popular.

He composed devotional songs on Vithalswamy called as Abhangs.

He preached the message of equality and universal brotherhood.

Sant Tukaram and his work are central to the Warkari sect spread across Maharashtra.

Sant Tukaram is credited with starting the Wari pilgrimage.

His master was Saint Chaitanya Mahaprabhu of the Bhakti movement.

Social reforms:

Tukaram accepted disciples and devotees without discriminating gender.

Tukaram taught that “pride of caste never made any man holy”, “the Vedas and Shastras have said that for the service of God, castes do not matter”, “castes do not matter, it is God’s name that matters”.

Draft anti-trafficking Bill

(GS-II: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation)

In News:

Activists from different part of the country are planning to travel to the national capital and press for the passage of the Trafficking in Persons (Prevention, Care and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2021.

Highlights of the Bill:

The bill proposes stringent punishments for offenders, including hefty fines and seizing of their properties.

The Bill also extends beyond the protection of women and children as victims to now include transgenders as well as any person who may be a victim of trafficking.

The draft also does away with the provision that a victim necessarily needs to be transported from one place to another to be defined as a victim.

Exploitation has been defined to include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation including pornography, any act of physical exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or forced removal of organs etc.

Applicability- The law will extend to:

All citizens inside as well as outside India.

Persons on any ship or aircraft registered in India wherever it may be or carrying Indian citizens wherever they may be.

A foreign national or a stateless person who has his or her residence in India at the time of commission of offence under this Act.

Every offence of trafficking in persons with cross-border implications.

Defence personnel and government servants, doctors and paramedical staff or anyone in a position of authority.

What are the constitutional & legislative provisions related to Trafficking in India?

Trafficking in Human Beings or Persons is prohibited under the Constitution of India under Article 23 (1).

The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956 (ITPA) is the premier legislation for prevention of trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation.

Criminal Law (amendment) Act 2013 has come into force wherein Section 370 of the Indian Penal Code has been substituted with Section 370 and 370A IPC which provide for comprehensive measures to counter the menace of human trafficking.