MP, the First State to launch innovative Scheme “FIR Aapke Dwar Yojana”
On May 11, 2020, the Madhya Pradesh Government has launched “FIR Aapke Dwar Yojana”.
The scheme has been launched in 23 police stations as a pilot project. This includes both rural and urban areas.
Features of the scheme:
Under the scheme, a person need not go to the police station to dodge a complaint. The scheme has deployed the head constables to register the complaints from the people. The scheme will also enable on spot FIR registrations. When the complaints are serious, they will be forwarded to senior officers.
Along with the scheme, the Home Minister of the State also launched a helpline, “Dial 112”. This will provide in instant ambulance services, fire fighting services and also will enable to contact the police within a short period of time.
Other important Facts:
Madhya Pradesh is the first state in the country to launch such an innovative scheme on police subject. It is to be noted that Police is State subject. The scheme was launched by the Home Minister of Maharashtra Sr Narottam Mishra.
FIR is First Information Report. The concept of FIR is followed in South East and South Asian countries including Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Singapore, etc.
Legality of FIR:
The Constitution of India does not provide any rights over FIR. FIR and its legality is defined by the Section 154 of The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.
Sero Survey by ICMR and NCDC
The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and NCDC (National Centre for Disease Control) are to conduct a sero survey. The survey will help to learn about the prevalence of COVID-19 infection.
What is a Sero Survey?
A Sero Survey is testing of blood serum of individuals and determine the presence of antibodies against COVID-19.
The survey is to be conducted in 10 health facilities initially. After validating its success, it will be implemented in other regions of the country.
The Government of India intends to set up a systematic surveillance system. The sero survey will help in framing a mechanism to achieve this.
About the survey:
The survey is to test 200 samples in a week. It will focus on pregnant women, out patients, that is, more of low-risk groups. The health care professionals will be selected from high-risk population. The survey will also collect samples of nasal and throat swabs to run RT-PCR tests. Pool Testing is to adopted while testing these collected samples.
In Pool Testing, 4 to 5 swabs of the collected samples will be tested for the virus. This is done to save time. When, the test run shows positive results, the swabs will be run individually.
Ministry of MSME launches “Champions Portal”
On May 12, 2020, the Ministry of MSME (Micro Small and Medium Enterprises) launches Champions Portal. The portal acts as a technology driven control room cum management information system.
The portal aims at creating modern ICT tools to assist Indian MSMEs. Champions stand for Creation and Harmonious Application of Modern Processes. It aims to increase output and national strength.
The portal will help small units to become big. This is done by solving their grievances, supporting, encouraging, helping and hand holding.
What are the technologies provided by the portal?
The portal will act as a control room that will provide information to the industries. It includes video conferences, internet and telephones. These systems are enabled with Data Analytics, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning.
The system is to be completely integrated with CPGRAMS of Government of India.
CPGRAMS is called Centralized Public Grievances and Monitoring System. It was developed by the National Informatics Centre along with DARPG (Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances) and Directorate of Public Grievances. CPGRAMS aims at receiving, redressing and monitoring public grievances. The portal helps the citizens to track their grievances registered with Government of India.
GoI releases Rs 6,195 crores of funds to 14 states
On May 11, 2020, the Government of India released Rs 6,195 crores to 14 states. This is the second equated monthly installment of Post Devolution Revenue Deficit.
The grant allocated to the states will act as additional source of income to the states. The grant was recommended by the 15th Finance Commission. The Central Government under the grant allocated Rs 1,276 crores to Kerala, Rs 952 crores to Himachal Pradesh, Rs 638 crores to Punjab, Rs 631 crores to Assam, Rs 491 crore to Andhra Pradesh, Rs 417 crore to West Bengal and Rs 423 crore to Uttarakhand.
The grant will help the states make preventive and mitigation measures to contain COVID-19. The funds will be used for sample collection, quarantine facility, screening and setting up of additional testing laboratories. The funds will also be used for purchase of PPE (Personal Protection Equipment), thermal scanners, air purifiers, ventilators, consumables in government hospitals.
The revenue deficit covers the gap between revenue and expenditure of a state. According to Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003, the states should maintain revenue deficit of zero. According to the Constitution of India, state cannot raise a loan without consent of the Centre. This is why, the Kerala Government in 2019 couldn’t claim the flood relief grants from Saudi Arabia. The centre did not permit.
Impacts of lock down on Family Planning
The lock down has resulted in poor access to family planning measures and contraceptives. This will result in lots of unwanted pregnancies.
With the number of infected persons of COVID-19 increasing all over India, least importance is being given to family planning and other treatments that includes Tuberculosis, AIDS, etc. The issue will end up in lot of unwanted pregnancies and eventually to unsafe abortions and maternal deaths.
According to the Foundation for Reproductive Health Services India. Around 2.56 crore couples are unable to access contraceptive services. This leads to loss of 6.9 lakh sterilization services and 9.7 lakh IUCD (Intra Uterine Contraceptive Devices).
Foundation for Reproductive Health Services India:
It is an NGO that is working since 2009. It is a part of the Marine Stopes International, which is an organization that provides personalized abortion services and contraception. The organization is spread across 37 countries.
Focus on COVID-19 increases Malaria, HIV and TB:
Apart from its impacts on family planning, COVID-19 has also affected the treatment of malaria, Tuberculosis and HIV. According to a study, the HIV projections could increase by 10%, malaria can increase upto 20% and Tuberculosis related deaths could increase by 20%.
The study was conducted by Geneva based body “Stop TB”.
State of the World’s Nursing Report 2020
The World Health Organization, Nursing Now Campaign and the International Council of Nurses released the State of World’s Nursing report. The report has been released as United Nations marks 2020 as the Year of Nurse and Midwife.
Key Findings of the report:
There are 36.9 nurses per 10,000 people with variations in different parts of the world. The number of nurses in Americas is 10 times more than that of Africa. In America, there are 83.4 nurse per 10,000 people and in Africa there are 8.7 nurses per 10,000 people.
According to the report, the shortage is to increase to 5.7 million nurses. The largest shortages is to occur in the South East Asian regions. The Europeans and Mediterranean people are dependent on migrant nurses.
According to the report, there are 1.56 million nurses in India. However, of these nurses, the professional nurses are 67%. Around 322,827 nurses are graduating every year. Nurses comprise of 47% of medical staff in India. The doctors constitute 23.3%, dentists constitute 5.5% and pharmacists constitute 24.1% of medical staff in India.
Need of the moment:
The role of nurses, especially during the current health crisis is paramount. Their role is essential as they ensure quality care for patients, control his infection and prevent its spreading.
International Nurse Day is celebrated on May 12 to celebrate the significance of nurse in medical industry.
Ash Barges are increasing Concerns of Ecology of Sundarbans
The Fisheries organization and environmental experts flag serious threats to the ecology of Indian Sundarbans as the fly ash filled barges are sinking and capsizing in Hooghly river.
In April 2020, two fly ash filled barges sank within a range of 30 kilometres of Hooghly river. Around 100 Bangladeshi barges each weighing 600 tonnes to 800 tonnes traverse through Indian waters. They carry fly ash from Indian thermal power station to Bangladesh where the fly ashes are used in manufacturing cement.
What is the issue?
The vessels that sunk in the river are threatening the local fishes and other aquatic biodiversity. This in turn is affecting lives of 1000s of fishermen.
Most of the barges that are carrying the fly ashes are old and are ill maintained. They often cause accidents.
The Hooghly river is a distributary of the Ganges. River Ganga splits into Hooghly and River Padma at Murshidabad. River Padma flows towards Bangladesh and River Hooghly flows south into West Bengal.
The Farakka Barrage diverts waters of the Ganges to the city of Murshidabad. It also supplies water to River Hooghly according to the agreement signed between India and Bangladesh.
The Fly Ash is a by product of coal combustion. Fly ash has several useful applications. It includes concrete production, embankments, fly-ash pellets, road subbase construction, cement clinker production, brick production, etc.