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11th October Current Affairs

Lancet Commission issues call to urgently address stigma in mental health

(GS-II: Issues related to development of social sector involving healthcare etc)

In News:

The Lancet released a new report calling for radical action to end stigma and discrimination in mental health on World Mental health day.

Key Highlights:

Negative impact: 90% of people living with mental health conditions feel negatively impacted by stigma and discrimination.

Worsening: 80% said stigma and discrimination can be worse than the condition itself.

Role of media: 90% of those surveyed felt that media could play a major role in reducing stigma.

One in eight people, nearly one billion people globally, are living with a mental health condition.

There was an estimated 25 per cent rise in the prevalence of depression and anxiety in the first year of the pandemic.

Negative Impact of Stigma:

Social exclusion: It can cause social exclusion and disempowerment of people with mental health conditions.

Healthcare access: Problems in accessing healthcare

Employment: challenges in securing employment

Early death: Increased likelihood of health complications leading to early death.

Suggestions by Commission:

Immediate action by;

  • governments
  • International organizations
  • employers
  • healthcare provider
  • media organizations

Active contributions from people with lived experience: work together to eliminate mental health stigma and discrimination.

Indian context:

Reduction in stigma: There is a gradual reduction of stigma in the country, and it continues to be a real and present problem.

Women with a diagnosis of severe mental disorder: Women and their family members do face more stigma.

It has ramifications for marriage and employment.

Ways to reduce stigma:

Social contact between people: with and without lived experience of mental illness is the most effective way to reduce stigma and discrimination.

All countries take action to decriminalise suicide: Reducing the stigma around suicide and leading to fewer occurrences.

Employers: They should have access to educational opportunities, work participation and return-to-work programmes.

The Lancet Global Health Commission: It is a group of 30 academics, policymakers, and health system stakeholders from 18 countries. The Commission reviews current knowledge, produces new empirical work, and offers policy recommendations.

Mental health: It is a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.

Mahabaleshwar Temple Corridor

In News:

PM will inaugurate the Mahakaleshwar Temple Corridor project, worth ₹856 crores.

Details:

The corridor measures over 900 metres in length and will house around 200 statues and murals of lord Shiva and goddess Shakti, among other religious figures.

Significance: It will help make Ujjain the central node for promoting religious tourism to connect people with culture and traditions, creating livelihood opportunities and contributing to the city’s economy.

ABOUT MAHAKALESHWAR TEMPLE- Mahakaleshwar temple is one of twelve Jyotirlingas, dedicated to Shiva, in the ancient city of Ujjain (Shipra river).

Kalidasa, the great Sanskrit poet of the Gupta times, mentioned the rituals of the temple in his works in Meghadūta.

The temple complex was destroyed by Iltutmish during his raid of Ujjain in 1234-35. The present structure was rebuilt by the Maratha general Ranoji Shinde in 1734 CE (reign of Baji Rao I).

UJJAIN CITY (previously known as Avantika) has the status of a devotional epicentre. It was also one of the primary cities where students went to study holy scriptures.

Tele Mental Health Assistance and Networking Across States (Tele-MANAS)

In News:

On the occasion of World Mental Health Day, the Tele Mental Health Assistance and Networking Across States (Tele-MANAS) initiative of the Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare was launched.

Details:

Tele-Manas is a 24X7 call centre,  which aims to increase access to mental healthcare across the country, including the hard-to-reach areas. The country-wide network will provide counselling, consultation with a specialist, and e-prescriptions.

Key Highlights:

Centres of excellence: The programme includes a network of 23 tele-mental health centres of excellence, with NIMHANS being the nodal centre.

Technical support: Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bengaluru and National Health Systems Resource Center (NHSRC)

Use:

It will help in providing immediate mental healthcare services

It will facilitate a continuum of care.

Linking Tele-MANAS with other services:

National teleconsultation service, e-Sanjeevani, Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission, mental health professionals etc.

Merger of Amul with five cooperative societies

In News:

Amul would combine with five other cooperative societies to form the Multi-State Cooperative Society (MSCS).

Rationale behind this move:

MSCS will ensure the export of the products after its certification so that profit can go directly into the bank accounts of the farmers.

India has the potential to export its milk and milk products to nations like Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka.

What is Amul?

  • AMUL means “priceless” and derives its name from the Sanskrit word ‘Amoolya’. It stands for Anand Milk Union Limited.
  • Formed in 1946, Amul is an Indian dairy state government cooperative society, based in Anand, Gujarat.
  • It is a cooperative brand managed by Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd. (GCMMF).
  • Verghese Kurien (father of the white revolution in India) is credited with the success of Amul’s marketing.

India is the top milk producer and has the highest cattle population in the world. Uttar Pradesh is the highest milk-producing state in India ( about 18% of the total).