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11 June Current Affairs

India first in world to make internet-controlled Robot

In News:

An engineer from Thane has developed an internet-controlled robot. The bot is first of its kind. The robot addresses the needs of the hospitals treating COVID-19 patients.

About Coro-bot:

The robot has been named Coro-bot. It can independently dispense food, beverages, water, medicines. The robot also gives good advises to patients without the aid of nurses, staffs or other care givers.

The Coro-bot has been deployed for first time at the Holy Cross hospital in Kalyan.

Internet of Things:

The robot has a special option of controlling it through an application from any part of the world. This makes the bot unique. The robot becomes the first in world to use Internet of Things technology in medical field.

Features of Coro-bot:

The Coro-bot has three nozzles. The first nozzle is used to provide disinfectant bath for the robot himself. The second nozzle is used to spray sanitizers on both sides of the path and the third nozzle is used to disinfect the ground with UV light as the robot moves.

The robot also has dispensers for tea, coffee and water.

Scientists of ARCI develop rare earth based Magnetocaloric material

In News:

The scientists from the Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI), have recently developed earth based magneto caloric material to treat cancer.

About the research:

The scientists at ARCI, an autonomous Research and Development Centre operating under Department of Science and Technology recently developed a new material that reduces the side effects in treatment of cancer.

Background:

Magnetic Hyperthermia is a type of cancer treatment where the body is exposed to higher temperature. In this method, magnetic nano particles are subjected to alternating magnetic field that produces heat and the heat kills the cancerous cells. However, in this treatment, the healthy cells are damaged as well.

This problem is overcome by using treatment with magneto caloric material.

About Magnetic Caloric materials:

The Magnetic Caloric materials provide controlled heating. The main advantage of the using the material is that the cells cool down as soon as the magnetic field is removed. This is unlike magnetic nano particles where overheating persists.

The method will reduce side effects when used alongside radiation therapy.

Magnetic Caloric materials:

The Magnetic Caloric materials are those materials that gets warmer and cooler on the application and removal of magnetic field respectively. Gadolinium is a magnetic caloric material. Some alloys made of Gadolinium, Germanium, Silicon, Manganese, Iron, Phosphorous and Arsenic are also magnetic caloric materials.

Jaya Jaitly Task Force Constituted

In News:

The Government of India has constituted Jaya Jaitly Task Force that will work on the issues of women and child development.

About the task force:

The task force was constituted by the Ministry of Women and Child Development. The team will work on the following

  • Lowering Maternal Mortality Rate.
  • Improve Nutritional Levels.
  • Examine issues that are related age of motherhood.

Apart from the above three major tasks, the force will also work on issues related to Infant Mortality Rate, Total Fertility Rate, Maternal Mortality Rate, Child Sex Ratio Rate, Sex Ratio at Birth and other issues related to health and nutrition. The team will also suggest measures to promote higher education of women.

The task force will also suggest suitable amendments to existing laws and also suggest new legislations to achieve its recommendations.

Union Budget:

The Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitaraman had announced about setting up of the task force during her budget presentation for the year 2020-21.

Maternal Mortality Rate:

The Maternal Mortality Rate is the number of registered maternal deaths due to pregnancy related issues or birth per 100,000 registered live births. Maternal death of a woman is included under MMR if she died while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy as well.

According to SRS (Sample Registration System), the MMR of India in the year 2015-17 is 122 per 1 lakh.

Periodic Labour Force Survey: Decline in Self-Employed households

In News:

The National Statistical Office recently released the Periodic Labour force Survey. According to the survey, the percentage of self-employed households in rural India declined from 52.2% to 51.7% in the year 2019.

Details:

The Survey says that in Urban India the self-employed households declined from 32.4% to 31.8%.

The decline in rural India is mainly because of the falling dependence on agriculture. The self-employed households that depend on agriculture has declined from 37.8% to 36.6%.

Key Findings:

The Survey says that in urban India, people running small shops have folded up and become labourers. In rural India, the non-agricultural labourers grew from 12.9% to 13.4%.

In Urban India, the regular wage earners grew by 1.4%.

Implications:

The findings of the report say that Indian Economy is becoming more formalised. The Indian Government has been trying push formalisation and digitisation so hard in the last 5 to 6 years.

Formalisation and Digitisation:

Formalisation is bringing unorganised sector into formal means through GST, ensuring strict registrations under law. The Digitisation has been pushed through Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana, Direct Benefit Transfers, etc.

18th Bench of CAT in UTs of Ladakh and J&K

In News:

The Government of India recently inaugurated the 18th Bench of Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT) for the Union territories of Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir.

Details:

The setting up of CAT bench for Jammu will reduce the burden of several courts. The bench will deal exclusively with the service matters of government employees.

It is to be noted that earlier the GoI under Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985 had specified Srinagar and Jammu as the places where the CAT benches will sit for the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and Union Territory of Ladakh.

Central Administrative Tribunal:

The CAT was established under Article 323 of the Constitution. The tribunal will adjudicate complaints regarding conditions of service of public servants and also recruitment of posts associated with the affairs of the UTs.

The CAT has been conferred with the powers to exercise itself as a High Court. This has been done under Section 17 of the Administrative Tribunal Act, 1985.

The allowances and salaries of the employees and officers of the Tribunal are to be specified by the Central Government.

COVID BEEP

In News:

The Union Minister of India Shri Jitendra Singh recently launched COVID BEEP, the first physiological parameter monitoring system for COVID-19 patients.

About COVID BEEP:

COVID BEEP is Continuous Oxygenation and Vital Information Detection Biomed ECIL ESIC Pod. It is the first indigenous wireless cost-effective parameter monitoring system. The COVID BEEP was developed by IIT Hyderabad and ESIC Medical College Hyderabad. It will greatly reduce transmission risk as it will help save resources such as Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).

Features:

The COVID BEEP incorporated non-invasive blood pressure monitoring, ECG monitoring and also respiratory monitoring.

What is the Vital Information in Medicine field?

The vital information includes temperature, pulse, respiratory rate and blood pressure. Apart from these four vital signs, the fifth vital signs include pain, menstrual cycle, blood glucose level and oxygen saturation.

The sixth vital sign refers to end tidal carbon dioxide, shortness of breath, Gait speed (walking speed) or delirium. Delirium is the disturbed state of mind that occurs due to intoxication, fever or restlessness.

World Bank Report

In News:

The World Bank in its latest Global Economic Prospect downgraded its projection of growth of India by -9%. However, the World Bank believes that Indian growth is to bounce back in 2021.

Details:

The World Bank says that the growth of India has slowed by 4.2% in 2019-20. The other international rating agencies such as Fitch ratings, Moody’s Investor Service, S&P Global Ratings have all predicted India’s growth rate as 4% to 5% in the year 2020-21. According to Crisil, this is India’s fourth economic recession since independence.

Key Findings of the report:

The Key findings of the report about India are as follows:

  • The report says that the Government of India has been purchasing government bonds to ease financial conditions
  • The Indian Government has increased its spending to contain COVID-19. This has been done through
  • Wage support
  • Deferral in tax payments
  • Cash transfer to lower-income households
  • Loan and liquidity support to small businesses and financial institutions.
  • The contraction of Indian Economy will find its impact in South Asian region

South Asia:

The report says that in the South Asian region, Pakistan and Afghanistan are to experience contractions in the year 2020. Bangladesh is expected to grow at 1.6% and Nepal is expected to grow at 1.8%

India is the fifth worst hit nations in the world after USA, Brazil, Russia and UK.

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