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August 5, 2020
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04th August Current Affairs

Guidelines for drone operating system: Key Facts

In News:

Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS) which is the Aviation security regulator in the country has issued guidelines for drone operating systems, which act like cockpits on the ground to remotely pilot the unmanned aerial vehicle.

Objective:

To develop global standard drone regulations that would permit, the commercial application of various drone technologies the Union Ministry of Civil Aviation has worked hard to establish a world-leading drone ecosystem in India. Because of the fact that the unmanned aerial vehicle technology is still new and taking into consideration, India’s security environment the preparation of these drone regulations through a Civil Aviation Requirement (CAR) has taken multiple years. India has formulated an all-digital process instead of simply formulating a paper-based process for registering and operating drones. The Digital Sky Platform is one such fully digitalized national unmanned traffic management (UTM) platform that says “no permission, no takeoff” (NPNT).

Guidelines:

The owners or the users of any unmanned aerial vehicle will be required to do a one-time registration of their drones. Except for the nano category, for remaining every flight the users will require permission to fly on a mobile app. Any drone without a digital permit to fly will simply not be able to takeoff to prevent unauthorized flights and to ensure public safety. The Unmanned aircraft system traffic management (UTM) operates as a traffic regulator in the drone airspace and coordinates closely with the defence and civilian air traffic controllers (ATCs) to ensure that these unmanned aerial vehicles remain on the approved flight paths.

Khadi Agarbatti Aatmanirbhar Mission Launched: Highlights

In News:

Proposed by KVIC (Khadi and Village Industries Commission) and approved by the Minister of Micro Small and Medium Enterprises Nitin Gadkari Khadi Agarbatti Aatmanirbhar Mission is all set to generate employment for the local artisans making India self-reliant in agarbatti production.

Objective:

The set programme is dedicated to creating employment for unemployed and migrant workers across the country while increasing domestic agarbatti production substantially. Last month itself the proposal was submitted to the Ministry. Upon its implementation, numerous jobs will be created in the Agarbatti industry.

Government support:

The scheme is designed by KVIC on PPP mode where a two-party agreement will be signed between KVIC and the Private Agarbatti manufacturer for the successful running of the project. Under the scheme, the automatic machine and powder mixing machine will be provided by the KVIC to the artisans through the successful private Agarbatti manufacturers. These manufacturers will sign the agreement as business partners. Boosting PM Modi’s vision of vocal for local, KVIC has decided to procure only locally made machines by Indian manufacturers which also aims at encouraging local production.

A subsidy of 25% on the cost of the machines will be provided by the KVIC the remaining 75% will be recovered from the artisans in easy instalments every month. As per the agreement the business partner will provide the raw material to the artisans for making Agarbatti and will pay them wages on a job work basis.

Facts and Figures:

One Automatic Agarbatti making machine makes approximately 80 Kg of Aggarbatti per day thus providing direct employment to 4 persons. 5 such automatic agarbatti making machine requires one powder mixing machine which further provides employment to 2 persons.

Earnings:

The current market rare rate for Agarbatti making is Rs 15 per kg. Taking the current rate in consideration 4 artisans working on one Automatic machine will earn a minimum of Rs 1200 per day by manufacturing 80 kg of Agarbatti. And each artisan will earn a fixed amount of Rs. 250 per day while working on a powder mixing machine. The wages to the artisans and labourers will be provided by the business partners directly in their accounts through Direct Benefits Transfer (DBT).

Consumption:

The current consumption of incense sticks in the country is 1490 MT per day. however, the country’s daily production is just 760 MT. Therefore this huge gap between the demand and the supply will create immense scope for job creation.

Rajasthan starts Indira Rasoi Yojana

In News:

Rajasthan’s Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot recently directed his officials to commence Indira Rasoi Yojana from 20Th August 2020. The CM said it is another step towards realising the resolve of Rajasthan Government’s “No Hunger No Sleep”. Under this scheme, the needy and poor will get healthy and nutritious food at 8 Rs per plate. The state government will spend 100 Crores per year on the scheme.

About the Scheme:

The Indira Rasoi Yojana named after former Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, will run in 358 kitchens in 213 urban local bodies of the state. Under the Yojana a menu of 100 grams of pulses, 100 grams of vegetables, 250 grams of chapati and pickles will be served to 4.87 crore people every year. While all the necessary measures will be taken to prevent the spread of the novel coronavirus a monitoring committee at the State and District level will be formed to ensure the quality of the food. All the beneficiary under this scheme will get the information about the Yojana on his or her mobile phone as he or she takes the coupon. Through an IT-enabled monitoring system the food preparation in the kitchen will be monitored through mobile apps and CCTV.

Background:

Before this Annapurna Yojana was in the action however, the recently launched Indira Rasoi Yojana will be different. Beneficiaries won’t be fed through a movable kitchen installed in a van. A permanent kitchen with a place for people to sit will be instead. It is said that a total of 20 Rs. per plate will cost the government in which the state government will pay 12 Rs. and the remaining 8 Rs. will be paid by the beneficiary.

Construction:

Construction of 2 kitchens per Municipality and 5 kitchens per City council and a maximum of 8 kitchens per municipal corporation will be done. The kitchen will be constructed in a government or NGO building. The construction will be done is such a manner that people can sit and eat on the premises itself. The management will be inspired by Chennai’s “Amma Ki Rasoi”.

International webinar on Lokmanya Tilak

In News:

A two-day international webinar on the 100th death anniversary of the great Indian freedom fighter Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak was organized by the Indian Council for Cultural Relations. This international webinar on the theme of Lokmanya Tilak – Swaraj to Self-reliant India was inaugurated by the Union Home Minister Amit Shah.

Objective:

During the webinar discussions revolved mainly around Tilak’s contribution to the Indian Freedom Movement, his global vision, his thoughts on swadeshi and also his attempts at India’s cultural revival.

Participants:

On his 100th death anniversary, the webinar chaired by ICCR chief Vinay Sahasrabuddhe witnessed a group of eminent historians like Gordon Johnson and Sadanand More, history professor Rizwan Kadri, Muang Muang, a scholar who translated Tilak’s biography into Burmese Vikas Paranjpe from Mumbai along with participants from various institutes.

Background:

ICCR initial plan was to unveil a statue of Tilak at the Indian consulate in Mandalay (a city in central Myanmar) where Tilak was sent for confinement for six months and to name the consulates main hall after his name. However, the plan was put on hold due to COVID-19 pandemic which has badly affected the globe.

Key findings:

The Home Minister in his long oratory speech mentioned the important role played by Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak in the country’s freedom movement. The Union Minister also talked about the slogan of ‘Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it’ given by Lokmanya Tilak, in his speech. He said it will always be written in golden letters in the history of India’s freedom movement. The Minister also appealed to the youth of the country, urging everyone to read the writings of the Tilak to understand the glorious history of the nation.

Government to review Chinese language programmes across universities

In News:

The Ministry of Education which was formerly known as the Ministry of Human Resource Development is all set to put several higher education institutes that offer Chinese language training on the radar. Even those institutes that had links with the official Chinese language learning and training department “Hanban” in the past are on close scrutiny. Hanban is a Chinese organization which runs hundreds of Confucious Institutes abroad.

Confucuous Institutes:

Confucuous Institutes are publicly funded entities which are managed and supported by Hanban which in itself is affiliated with the Chinese Ministry of Education. The main agenda of the CIs is to deliver a programme which promotes Chinese language and culture, helpa in cultural exchanges and support local Chinese teachings internationally. CIs have been blamed several times for developing Chinese influences in the countries in which it operates. The blame of espionage has also been tagged to them several times.

Steps taken:

Currently, India has two functional CIs which operates within Mumbai University and the Vellore Institute of Technology. The Ministry of Education has sent letters to at least five institutions that offer Chinese language training, asking them to send all details of its collaboration with the CIs since 2017. Further upon receiving it will be reviewed by Education Secretary Amit Khare on 5th August 2020.

In a notification issued to the Ministry of External Affairs and the University Grants Commission, the Ministry of Education plans to review 54 MoUs (Memoranda of Understanding) signed between prestigious educational institutions including JNU, IITs, NITs, BHU, and Chinese institutions.

ICMR to keep track of hospitalized patients of COVID-19

In News:

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) with a joint effort of the health ministry and the AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Science) is planning to set up the National Clinical Registry (NCR) which will help country’s researchers and policymakers understand the efficacy of investigational therapies, adverse effects taking place and generate evidence for improving the treatment of Covid-19 patients.

Background:

The whole world is badly affected by the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2 and the illness it is causing has so many unknown variable parameters that work as a blockade to the proper understanding and management of the disease. We are in the very urgent need of a systematically collected, comprehensive database which not only covers different regions of the country but also the neighbouring regions enabling both researchers and policymakers to generate an appropriate-hypotheses, to inform vital and crucial understanding of COVID 19. Further, this effort will lead to detect trends in the progression of the pandemic and to accordingly calibrate the response to the pandemic.

Efforts taken:

The main idea behind this establishment is to generate and collect a piece of logical evidence for improving the treatment of COVID-19 patients. To make this work possible in-total fifteen top medical institutions of the country holding very fine repute including the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research (PGIMER) in Chandigarh, AIIMS Delhi, AIIMS Jodhpur, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru and Armed Force Medical College in Pune etc. will connect with the other hospitals and medical colleges which are involved in the treatment of COVID-19 patients or in the sample checking of those affected.

Process involved:

The main work of these top 15 medical institutions who would be the registry sites is to help 100 major COVID-19 hospitals get on board. They would be mentoring around 100 Covid-19 hospitals across the country and these hundred hospitals would be called satellite centres from where the data would be collected as part of the exercise.

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