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04 June Current Affairs

Kolkata Port Trust renamed to Shyama Prasad Mukerjee Port Trust

In News:

Union Cabinet chaired by PM Modi approved renaming of Kolkata Port Trust to Shyama Prasad Mukerjee port trust. The announcement of renaming of the port was given by PM Modi on January 11, 2020.

Details:

The announcement was made by PM Modi while he attended the 150th anniversary celebrations of Kolkata Port Trust. The GoI has lately introduced several measure in the name of the legend

Other measures:

In October 2019, the Chenani-NAshri Tunnel was renamed after Shyama Prasad Mukerjee. The tunnel is the longest of Jammu and Kashmir and is located on NH-44. It is bi-directional and reduces the distance between Srinagar and Jammu by 30 km. The travel time is reduced by 2 hours.

Dr Shyama Prasad Mukerjee:

Mr Mukerjee founded the Bharatiya Jana Sangh in 1951. The party was the predecessor of BJP (Bharatiya Janata PArty). He died in Jammu and Kashmir Police custody for entering the state without permit. He battled for Kashmir immensely contributing to National Integration.

Shyama Prasad Mukerjee Rurban Mission:

The mission was launched on February 21, 2016 to commemorate fourth anniversary of the legend. The mission aims to stimulate local economic development. It focuses to develop 300 rurban clusters.

Union Cabinet approves farmer friendly Essential Commodities Act

In News:

Union Cabinet chaired by PM Modi has made historic amendments to Essential Commodities Act. Under the amendment, the regulatory environment has been liberalized for farmers.

Details:

Under the amendment to Essential Commodities Act, 1955, the agricultural commodities such as pulses, cereals, onions oil seeds and potatoes have been deregulated. The amendment has been made through an ordinance. The ordinance will allow farmers to engage with aggregators, processors, exporters and large retailers as well.

Also, the amendment will allow clamping of stock limits only under very extreme circumstances. This includes famines and natural calamities. The stock limit is not applicable to processors and value chain participants. They shall stock only to their installed capacity. This will help in better price realization.

Background:

The Finance Minister Nirmala Sitaraman had earlier announced under Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan that a central law would be formulated that will not bind farmers to sell their crops. The minister also announced that the law will not bind the farmers to sell their produce only to licensed traders in the Agricultural Produce Market Committee mandis.

Ministry of Defence places indents to boost

In News:

Ministry of Defence placed indents on OFB (Ordnance Factory Board). This has been done to boost Make in India initiative.

Details:

The indents have been placed for the supply of 156 BMP Infantry Combat Vehicles to be used for mechanized forces of Indian Army. The ICVs are to be manufactured by the Ordnance Factory located in Medak in Telangana at a cost of Rs 1,094 crores.

The manufacture of the ICVs are to be completed by 2023. With the manufacture of these ICVs the existing deficiency of the Mechanised Infantry Battalions are to be mitigated and will help in further enhancement of the army.

Make in India:

Make in India initiative was launched by PM Modi in 2014. The main aim of the scheme is as follows:

  • To increase indigenously produced goods
  • To attract foreign investments for new industrialization
  • To develop already existing industries in India by surpassing China
  • To create 100 million additional jobs by 2022
  • To promote export-led growth
  • To increase share of manufacturing sector in India’s GDP from 16% to 25% by 2022.

G7 summit postponed

In News:

The US President Donald Trump recently announced that the USA is postponing the G7 summit to September 2020. Also, President Trump intends to expand the G7 group to G10 or G11.

US  President Trump invited Indian PM Modi to the G7 summit through telephonic conversation. The Leaders discussed India-China recent Stand Off at the Line of Actual control

Details:

The G-7 is a group of seven countries namely France, Canada, Germany, Japan, US and UK. The grouping dies not have a fixed headquarters or a formal constitution. The decision that are taken in the summit are non-binding.

President Trump intends to expand the G7 group by including three other nations namely Australia, Russia, India and South Korea.

About G7:

G7 is an inter governmental organization that was formed in 1975. It was formed by the top economies of the world as an informal forum to discuss world issues. Canada joined G7 in 1976 and EU (European Union) began attending G7 meets in 1977.

Russia joined G7 in 1997. Initially G7 was called G8. In 2014, Russia was expelled as it annexed Crimea region of Ukraine to its territory.

G7 VS G20:

G20 is a larger group and includes all the G7 members. India is a member of G20. G20 was formed in 1999 as a response to bring more countries to address global economic concerns. G20 makes up 80% of the global economy.

GoI to formulate new STIP (Science, Technology and Innovation) policy

In News:

The Department of Science and Technology along with the office of Principal Scientific Adviser to GoI are to jointly formulate National Science Technology and Innovation Policy 2020. The policy is to be formulated in bottom-up, decentralized process.

About the Policy:

The fifth Science and Technology Policy is to be formulated by the Indian Government as the country and the world are tackling COVID-19 pandemic problems. The policy is to be formulated in four interlinked tracks. They are as follows

Track 1:

This track involved extensive expert and public consultation process. The consultation is to be done through Science Policy Forum.

Track 2:

This track will use expert-driven thematic consultations.

The track will feed in evidence-based information and recommendations to the policy drafting committee

Around 21 thematic groups have been constituted

Track 3:

This track involves consultations from the ministry

Track 4:

In this track, apex level multi stake holder consultation will be involved

Industrial bodies, Institutional leaders, Global partners and inter-state consultations are to be adopted in this track

Highlights:

Around 25 policy research fellows and scientists associated with Department of Science and Technology are to be involved in the policy making. The policy will also include lessons learnt from COVID-19.

Arunachal Pradesh to provide Tap connection to all by March 2023

In News:

National Jal Jeevan Mission approved the Annual Action Plan of Arunachal Pradesh. Under the plan, the state is to provide tap connection to all the rural households in the state by 2023.

Details:

In order to achieve the plan, the GoI has approved Rs 255 as additional funds. The State Governments are provided with additional funds based on their achievements.

The State Government under the annual plan is to provide 77,000 tap connections to over 2.18 lakh rural households. The Sansad Adarsh Gramin Yojana villages are to be given priority under the scheme.

The Plan:

The availability of water in Arunachal Pradesh is not an issue. However, the main challenge is laying pipes in the tough mountain terrains. Village Action Plan has been framed with active participation of the rural community. The unemployed youth are to be trained in plumbing, fitting, masonry and electricity skills. This is to be done as a pool of trained human resources are to be available at village level.

Funds:

In order to execute the mission, strengthen existing drinking water sources for long term sustainability of drinking water, several programmes such as Swachh Bharat Mission, MGNREGA, CAMPA, Local Area Development Fund have been integrated. Also, the state has been allocated Rs 231 crores on the recommendation of Finance Commission.

“Delhi Corona” App launched by Delhi Government

Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal launched Delhi Corona App. The application is to provide all required information that are related to ventilators and hospital beds in the city.

The Application mainly aims at providing real time information.

Details:

The Delhi Corona Application was launched by the Delhi CM through video conference. The application will provide information related to availability of hospital beds and ventilators in the city. It is now available on Google Play.

The application is being launched as there were complaints that there are no enough ventilators and hospital beds in Delhi to treat severely ill COVID-19 patients. The criticisms in Delhi have increased as the number of cases cross 20,000.

About the app:

The application will provide information related to ventilators and beds in the city. A person that is in need of COVID-19 treatment can get information about availability of ventilator and beds by calling 1031. He will receive an SMS on dialing the number about the status of bed availability in Delhi.

Current Scenario in Delhi:

There are in total of 302 ventilators in Delhi. OF these 210 are vacant. The information in the application is to be updated twice a day.

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