02 October Current Affairs
October 2, 2019
04 October Current Affairs
October 4, 2019
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03 October Current Affairs

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

In News:

Government of India has appointed Economist Surjit S Bhalla as Executive Director for India on the board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF).


The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC), headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, approved the appointment of Bhalla for a period of three years from the date of assumption of charge of the post or until further orders, whichever is earlier.

Bhalla will succeed former RBI deputy governor Subir Gokarn, who died in the US on July 30 after a brief illness.

Bhalla, an economist and columnist, in December last year resigned as part-time member of the Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister (EAC-PM).

Documentation Identification Number (DIN)

In News:

The Documentation Identification Number (DIN) system of Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has been launched.


The DIN system of CBDT has come into existence with the generation of about 17,500 communications with DIN on the very first day.

From now onwards every communication with CBDT – be it a notice, letter, order and summon or any other correspondence – will have to have a DIN except only if it is in the specified exceptional circumstances.

Any communication issued manually under exceptional circumstances would have to be uploaded and regularised on the system portal within 15 days of its issuance.

The DIN system would ensure greater accountability and transparency in tax administration. Earlier there have been instances where it was not possible to maintain the audit trail of the manually issued communication which caused inconvenience to taxpayers sometime.

Vayoshreshtha Samman-2019

In News:

The President of India Shri Ram Nath Kovind will confer the “Vayoshreshtha Samman-2019” on the eminent senior citizens and institutions to mark ‘International Day of older Persons.’


Vayoshrestha Sammans are conferred every year in 13 categories to eminent senior citizens and Institutions in recognition for their service to elderly persons.

The series of awards were instituted by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment in the year 2005 and were elevated to the level of national awards in 2013.

Generally, the awards are conferred on the 1st October on the occasion of International Day of Older Persons (IDOP).

Government companies rules 2015

In News:

Ministry of Mines has amended the Minerals (Mining) by Government companies rules 2015.

Recent amendments:

It has substituted “may, for reasons to be recorded” in rule 3, in sub-rule (2) and rule 4, in sub-rule (3) with “shall, for reasons to be recorded”.

This implies that for all mining leases for minerals granted to Government companies, the State Government upon an application made to it in this regard by the Government company or corporation, shall extend the period of the mining lease for further period of upto twenty years at a time.


As per provision of Section 8A(6) of Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Act, 1957, the lease of 31 working mines of iron ore are expiring on 31.03.2020. Recent order will ensure effective management of situation in wake of probable disruptions in March 2020.

The amendment paves way for renewal of NMDC’s iron ore mining lease at Donimalai in Bellari district of Karnataka. National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC) suspended operations at the mine after its lease expired in November 2018. NMDC has been the leaseholder for Donimalai iron ore mine since 1968.

150th birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi

In News:

On the 150th birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, Atal innovation mission (AIM), NITI Aayog’s Atal Tinkering Labs (ATL) and UNICEF India, including Generation Unlimited, have launched ‘The Gandhian Challenge’.


This innovation challenge provides a platform for every child across India to ideate innovative solutions for a sustainable India of their dreams, using Gandhi’s principles.

The problem statement for the Gandhian Challenge is: “Share your innovative solutions/ideas to create a futuristic and sustainable world of your dreams, following Gandhi’s principles.”

Ideas and solutions to the Gandhian Challenge may be expressed through: Art (Letters, poems, painting, videos and photos) and Science & Technology (Robotics, IoT, sensors and 3D printers, among others).

The contest is open for every child in India from 2 October to 20 October. The winners of The Gandhian Challenge will be awarded in New Delhi by NITI Aayog’s Atal Innovation Mission and UNICEF on the occasion of Children’s Day in November.

Supreme Court recalled its directions

In News:

The Supreme Court recalled its directions in a March, 2018 verdict that had effectively diluted provisions of arrest under the Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989. This was following a plea by the Centre seeking a review of that judgment.

March 2018 Judgement:

Supreme Court diluted the SC and ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989, to grant anticipatory bail to accused persons and directed that the police conduct a preliminary enquiry into whether a complaint under the law is “frivolous or motivated” before registering a case.

Both conditions were not part of the original legislation.

It had reasoned that members of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes use the 1989 law to lodge false complaints, leading to the arrest of innocent persons.

The March 2018 judgment triggered widespread protests and compelled the government to amend the Act to negate the effect of the ruling. It also filed a review petition against the verdict.

Recent Judgement:

In its judgment on the review petition, Supreme Court said human failing and not caste is the reason for the filing of false criminal complaints.

The court condemned its earlier judgment, saying it was against “basic human dignity” to treat all SC/ST community members as “a liar or crook”.

IRCTC will compensate passengers

In News:

In a first, IRCTC will compensate passengers of the new Lucknow-Delhi Tejas Express in case of delay in the train schedule. The train will be flagged off on 4th of this month.


An amount of 100 rupees will be paid in case the delay is for over an hour and 250 rupees for delay of over two hours. This is the first of its kind offer from any national carrier.

It is in addition to the 25-lakh rupees free insurance that will be given to passengers of the train. The train will be flagged off on 4th of this month.

Many countries over the globe compensate passengers for delays – some do so as monetary compensation and some in kind.

Lal Bahadur Shastri’s birth anniversary

In News:

Lal Bahadur Shastri, India’s second Prime Minister’s birth anniversary is being celebrated on October 2, coinciding with Mahatma Gandhi’s birth anniversary.


Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904 – 1966) was the 2nd Prime Minister of India and a senior leader of the Indian National Congress political party.

He led many defiant campaigns in the civil disobedience movement and spent a total of seven years in British jails.

He held several portfolios in the Union Cabinet – Minister for Railways; Minister for Transport and Communications; Minister for Commerce and Industry; Home Minister; and during Nehru’s illness Minister without portfolio.

He resigned his post as Minister for Railways because he felt responsible for a railway accident in which many lives were lost. The unprecedented gesture was greatly appreciated by Parliament and the country.

It was during his tenure as the Prime Minister that the posts of Sadar-e-Riyasat and Wazir in J&K were abolished and replaced with the positions of Governor and the Chief Minister.

In 1965, a plutonium reprocessing plant was started in India. He gave the go-ahead for the production of nuclear explosives, which led to the launch of the Nuclear Explosive Design Group and the Study of Nuclear Explosions for Peaceful Purpose (SNEPP).

The 1964 Shastri-Bandarnaike Agreement played an important role in improving India’s strained relations with Sri Lanka due to issues related to the Tamil community in that country.

He promoted the White Revolution – a national campaign to increase the production and supply of milk – by supporting the Amul milk co-operative of Anand, Gujarat and creating the National Dairy Development Board.

He led the country during the Indo-Pakistan War of 1965. His slogan of “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” (“Hail the soldier, Hail the farmer”) became very popular during the war. The war formally ended with the Tashkent Agreement on 10 January 1966; he died the following day, still in Tashkent.


Ayushman Bharat

In News:

One Year of Ayushman Bharat.


Arogya Manthan event was organised by the National Health Authority, to mark the completion of one year of Ayushman Bharat PM-JAY.

The purpose of the event is to provide a platform to meet for all the important stakeholders of PM-JAY to meet and discuss the challenges faced in the implementation of the scheme in the past year and to forge new understanding and pathways to improving implementation.

About Ayushman Bharat:

Launched as recommended by the National Health Policy 2017, to achieve the vision of Universal Health Coverage (UHC).

This initiative has been designed on the lines as to meet SDG and its underlining commitment, which is “leave no one behind”.

Aim: to undertake path breaking interventions to holistically address health (covering prevention, promotion and ambulatory care), at primary, secondary and tertiary level.

Includes the on-going centrally sponsored schemes – Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme (SCHIS) and Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY).

Ayushman Bharat adopts a continuum of care approach, comprising of two inter-related components, which are:

Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs).

Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY).

Key Features of PM-JAY:

The world’s largest health insurance/ assurance scheme fully financed by the government.

It provides cover of 5 lakhs per family per year, for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization across public and private empaneled hospitals in India.

Coverage: Over 10.74 crore poor and vulnerable entitled families (approximately 50 crore beneficiaries) are eligible for these benefits.

Provides cashless access to health care services for the beneficiary at the point of service.

Benefits and significance:

Helps reduce catastrophic expenditure for hospitalizations, which pushes 6 crore people into poverty each year.

Helps mitigate the financial risk arising out of catastrophic health episodes.


No restrictions on family size, age or gender.

All pre–existing conditions are covered from day one.

Covers up to 3 days of pre-hospitalization and 15 days post-hospitalization expenses such as diagnostics and medicines.

Benefits of the scheme are portable across the country.

Services include approximately 1,393 procedures covering all the costs related to treatment, including but not limited to drugs, supplies, diagnostic services, physician’s fees, room charges, surgeon charges, OT and ICU charges etc.

Public hospitals are reimbursed for the healthcare services at par with the private hospitals.

Drone Innovators Network Summit 2019

In News:

Drone Innovators Network Summit-2019 is being held in New Delhi.


Organised by the World Economic Forum under the aegis of the Ministry of Civil Aviation.

Drone Innovators Network (DIN):

Started by the World Economic Forum to hasten and contribute to healthy drone policies in need of legislation.

Established to help overcome common challenges regulators are facing in enabling drones and unmanned aviation, such as how to enable beyond visual line of sight (BVLOS) flights at scale, autonomous operations and flights over densely populated areas.

Composition: Government aviation agencies, academics, and established drone entities.

Inaugural Drone Innovators Network summit was held in Zurich in 2018.

Drone Regulation in India:

India’s Directorate General of Civil Aviation issued Civil Aviation Requirements (CAR), effective 1 December, 2018 for drones.

As per the regulations, manufacturers of drone are required to comply with the requirements of No Permission, No Take-off (NPNT) on the Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS).

These regulations (CAR Version 1.0) only permit operations of drones during daytime Visual Line of Sight.

DigiSky is a portal for registration and flying of civil drones in India.

Military Nursing Service

In News:

Celebrates 94th Raising Day.

Key facts:

MNS is the only all women corps in the Armed Forces.

came into being on March 28, 1888 with the arrival of first batch of 10 qualified British Nurses in Bombay (now Mumbai), to organise nursing in Military hospitals in India.

In 1893 it was designated as Indian Army Nursing Service (IANS) and in 1902 as Queen Alexandra Military Nursing Service (QAMNS).

In 1914 for the first time Nurses were enrolled in India and were attached to QAMNS.

On October 1, 1926, a permanent Nursing Service for the Indian troops was formed and was designated as the Indian Military Nursing Service (IMNS).

On September 15, 1943, the IMNS officers became a part of the Indian Army and the members of service became Commissioned Officers.

National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language (NCPUL)

Autonomous body under the Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD), Department of Secondary and Higher Education.

Set up to promote, develop and propagate Urdu language, Council started its operation in Delhi on April 1, 1996.

In its capacity as the National Nodal Agency for the promotion of the Urdu language NCPUL is the principal coordinating and monitoring authority for promotion of Urdu language and Urdu education.

Important functions include:

To liaise with the State Governments and other agencies in matters relating to promotion and development of the Urdu language.

To provide financial assistance and guidance to Non-Government Organizations for propagation of the Urdu language.

To co-ordinate the activities of the state Urdu academies.

National Council for Promotion of Sindhi Language (NCPSL)

Established as an autonomous registered body under the Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD).

Registered under the Societies Registration Act in 1860 on 26th May 1994 under registration no. 1085 (Vadodara) Gujarat.

Important functions include:

To formulate/implement schemes and project for learning of Sindhi Language through the media of English and Hindi and Modern Indian Languages including teaching through correspondence course.

To implement schemes and project for learning of Sindhi Language through the media of English and Hindi and Modern Indian Languages including teaching through correspondence course.

To implement schemes and project for learning of Sindhi Language through the media of English and Hindi and Modern Indian Languages including teaching through correspondence course.