National Register Of Citizens (NRC), Assam
Final list of National Register of Citizens (NRC) has been released in Assam.
Key highlights of final NRC:
Names of 3 crore 11 lakh applicants have been included in the final NRC, while 19 lakh 7 thousand have been excluded.
Assam Chief Minister assured that those excluded from final NRC will not be detained and they can appeal against their exclusion in the Foreigners’ Tribunals. The Assam government will establish 400 Foreigners’ Tribunals in the state to deal with such appeals.
Objective of Updating NRC in Assam:
It is for the first time since 1951 that the NRC has been updated in Assam to identify bonafide residents, a state marked by illegal migration from Bangladesh.
NRC 1951 is a register which covers person enumerated during the 1951 Census. It includes houses or holdings in serial order and also contains the names and number of people staying in these.
Bodies involved: The process of the updating NRC is being carried out by the Registrar General of India and is being closely monitored by the Supreme Court. The process started in 2013 as per the order of the apex court.
Objective behind updating and publishing the 1951 NRC In Assam:
To compile a list of the names of genuine Indian citizens residing in Assam and
In the process, detect foreigners (esp. Bangladeshis) who may have illegally entered the state after March 24, 1971.
Criteria: NRC is being updated to include persons or their descendants whose names were in The National Register of Citizenship 1951
In any of the Electoral Rolls up to the midnight of 24th March 1971
In any other admissible documents issued up to the midnight of 24th March 1971.
Indonesia’s president, Joko Widodo has announced the national capital will move from Jakarta, on the island of Java, to the province of East Kalimantan, on Borneo.
Indonesia’s current capital, Jakarta, is home to more than 10 million people – and has some of the world’s worst air pollution and traffic congestion. Poor urban planning has left 40% of the city below sea level.
Kalimantan is almost four times bigger, but accounts for less than a tenth of the gross domestic production. Kalimantan is also much more central in Indonesia’s archipelago of 17,000 islands.
Borneo is the third-largest island in the world and the largest in Asia. The island is politically divided among three countries: Malaysia, Brunei and Indonesia.
Kalimantan is the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo. It comprises 73% of the island’s area.
Uranium Corporation Of India Limited (UCIL)
The Andhra Pradesh government has ordered inquiry into complaints about groundwater pollution caused by the uranium processing project of the Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) at Tummalapalle in Vemula mandal of Kadapa district.
Background: Uranium Corporation of India Limited was incorporated in 1967 for uranium mining and uranium processing.
Status: It is a Public Sector Enterprise under the Department of Atomic Energy.
It operates six underground mines (Bagjata, Jaduguda, Bhatin, Narwapahar, Turamdih and Mohuldih) and one open pit mine (Banduhurang) in Jharkhand. Ore produced from these mines are processed in two process plants at Jaduguda and Turamdih.
It is constructing a new underground mine and process plant at Tummalapalle in Andhra Pradesh.
It has started pre-project activities to set up new mines and plants in different parts of the country namely – Gogi in Karnatka, Lambapur in Telengana and KP M in Meghalaya.
Ek Bharat, Vijayi Bharat
Kanyakumari-based Vivekanand Kendra and its state units will launch a year-long nation-wide mass contact programme, titled “Ek Bharat Vijayi Bharat” on September 2.
The mass contact programme coincides with the 50th foundation year of Vivekanand Rock Memorial in Kanyakumari.
Involving around 20,000 workers of around 1,005 units of Vivekanand Kendra across the country, the programme will be launched after a meeting with President Ram Nath Kovind.
The programme will focus on spreading the messages of Swami Vivekananda, making people aware of the inspiring story of Vivekanand Rock Memorial and the activities of Vivekanand Kendra.
Vivekananda Kendra works in the field of yoga, education, rural development, youth motivation, natural resource development, cultural research among other areas.
Vivekananda Rock Memorial?
Vivekananda Rock Memorial is a monument in Vavathurai, Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu at the Tri-junction of Indian ocean, Bay of Bengal and Arabian sea.
It was built in 1970 in honour of Swami Vivekananda who is said to have attained enlightenment on the rock where he mediated in 1892.
The memorial consists of two main structures, the Vivekananda Mandapam and the Shripada Mandapam. The design of the mandapa incorporates different styles of temple architecture from all over India.
Automatic Exchange Of Financial Account Information (AEOI)
The automatic exchange of information regime kicked off between Switzerland and India from September 1, 2019.
With this, banking details of Indians with accounts in Switzerland will be available to tax authorities here.
India will receive information of the calendar year 2018 in respect of all financial accounts held by Indian residents in Switzerland. Under it, details for accounts closed in 2018 will also be available.
According to Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT), this is a significant step in the government’s fight against black money and the era of “Swiss bank secrecy” will finally be over.
Automatic Exchange of Information (AEOI) is the exchange of information between countries without having to request it. AEOI exists to reduce global tax evasion.
Common Reporting Standard (CRS) is the agreed global standard for AEOI, approved by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 2014.
State of the World Population 2019
State of the World Population 2019, the flagship report of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), has been released.
India- specific findings:
India accounts for over one-sixth of the world’s population in 2019 (1.37 billion out of 7.71 billion).
It has grown at a rate (1.2% per year between 2010 and 2019) that is just over the world growth rate (1.2%).
India’s life expectancy at birth is lower than the world’s (69 years to 72).
It scores higher than the global average in terms of access to healthcare during childbirth, and also has a much lower adolescent birth rate.
India’s maternal mortality ratio in 2015 was 174 deaths per lakh live births (down from 448 in 1994) while the global MMR in 2015 was 216.
India’s fertility rate in 2019 is 2.3 births per woman, compared to 2.5 worldwide.
Top five most populous countries will look like the following in 2027:
India – 1.5 billion.
China – 1.1 billion.
Nigeria – 733 million.
United States – 434 million.
Pakistan – 403 million.
Early marriage continues to present a major cultural obstacle to female empowerment and better reproductive rights.
The absence of reproductive and sexual rights has a major and negative repercussions on women’s education, income and safety, leaving them “unable to shape their own futures”.
About 35 million women, girls and young people will need life-saving sexual and reproductive health services this year, as well as services to address gender-based violence, in humanitarian settings.
Overall population of the world is ageing, with the age group ‘65 and above’ growing at a fast rate. By 2050, one in six people will belong to this group, instead of one in 11 in 2019.
Nationalism and subnationalism in separate Kannada flag
Karnataka government has indicated that it may not pursue with the Centre a proposal made by the earlier government, for a separate state flag.
Is there any provision in the constitution prohibiting a state from having its own flag?
Supreme Court has said that there is no prohibition in the Constitution for the State to have its own flag. However, the manner in which the state flag is hoisted should not dishonour the national flag.
Under the Constitution, a flag is not enumerated in the Seventh Schedule. However, Article 51A rules that every citizen shall abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the national flag, and the national anthem.
Is it regulated under any parliamentary Act?
The Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act, 1950 and The Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971 regulates the hoisting of the national flag.
Emblems and Names (Prevention of improper use) Act 1950 prohibits the use of National Symbols for commercial use in India.
Under the 1971 Act, insulting the national flag by burning it, mutilating it, defacing it, is prohibited.
Even the Flag Code of India, 2002 does not impose prohibitions on a State flag. The Code expressly authorises the flying of other flags under the condition that they should not be hoisted from the same masthead as the national flag or placed higher than it.
By implication, the Code provides space for a State flag as long as it does not offend the dignity and honour of the national flag.
Can states have their own flags?
Allowing one state to have its own flag could trigger demands from other states too.
Arguments in favour of the decision stresses on the fact that states in both Germany and USA have their own flags without any danger of their imminent disintegration.
Special Tiger Force for Corbett Tiger Reserve
Uttarakhand Government has decided to for Special Tiger Force for Corbett Tiger Reserve (CTR).
CTR will check illegal human intrusion into the reserve through villages located on its fringes and serve as a second layer of protection for tigers at the CTR.